Aeolian landforms are shaped by the wind (named for the Greek God of wind, Aeolus). Aeolian processes create a number of distinct features, through both erosion and deposition of sediment, including:
- Sand dunes
- Loess deposits
- Deflation Hollow
Aeolian processes involve erosion, transportation, and deposition of sediment by the wind. These processes occur in a variety of environments, including the coastal zone, cold and hot deserts, and agricultural fields. Common features of these environments are a sparse or nonexistent vegetation cover, a supply of fine sediment (clay, silt, and sand), and strong winds. Aeolian processes are responsible for the emission and/or mobilization of dust and the formation of areas of sand dunes. They largely depend on other geologic agents, such as rivers, glaciers, and waves, to supply sediment for transport.