Park Statistics

Grand Canyon Geographic Statistics

The park is dominated by the spectacular Grand Canyon; a twisting, 1 mile/ 1.6km deep and 277 mile/ 433km long gorge, formed during some six million years of geological activity and erosion by the Colorado River on the upraised earth's crust.

The river divides the park into the North Rim and South Rim which overlook the 10 mile/ 16km wide canyon. The buttes, spires, mesas and temples in the canyon are in fact mountains looked down upon from the rims.

On-going erosion by the seasonal and permanent rivers produces impressive waterfalls and rapids of washed-down boulders along the length of the canyon and its tributaries. There are over 100 named rapids.

Exposed horizontal geological strata in the canyon span some 2,000 million years of geological history, providing evidence of the four major geological eras; late Precambrian, Palaeozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic. (Hunt, 1969; Babcock et al., 1974; Newman, 1977)


National Park Size:

1,217,403.32 acres/ 487,350 hectares
1,904 sq. miles/ 4,950 kilometers

The "Grand Canyon"


277 river miles/ 433km Width

Minimum (Marble Canyon)
600 feet/ 180 meters

Average Rim to Rim
10 miles/ 16km

Maximum Rim to Rim
18 miles/ 28.8km

Average Depth

1 mile/ 1.6km

Rim Elevations

South Rim 7,000 feet/ 2100m
North Rim 8,000 feet/ 2400m
Lake Mead Boundary 1,200 feet/ 360m


Cubic Yards 5.45 trillion
Cubic Meters 4.17 trillion

The "Colorado River" (within park)

277 miles/ 443km

Average Width:
300 feet/ 90m

Minimum Width
76 feet/ 23m

Average Depth
40 feet/ 12m

Greatest Depth
85 feet/ 25.5m

Average Gradient
7 feet per mile/ 12m per 1.6km

Elevation at Phantom Ranch
2,400 feet/ 720m

The Colorado River is 1,450-miles/ 2,333km long from its source in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado to the Gulf of California.


General Grand Canyon National Park Visitation Statistics

  • Year to Date Reports
  • Monthly Public Use Reports
  • Annual Park Visitation (all years)
  • Visitation by Month/ Year
  • Park Fiscal Year Report
  • How We Count
  • Visitation Comments by Park Staff

Are available from the NPS Stats Website
(The right-hand column displays the Grand Canyon Reports)

Download Fiscal Year 2009-2010 Accomplishment Report (2.85 MB PDF File)

Download Grand Canyon National Park Profile 2016 (1.37 MB PDF File)

Download Compendium Of Designations, Closures, Use and Activity Restrictions, Permit Requirements And Other Regulations Updated July 2015 (627 kb PDF File)

Superintendent's Compendium 2015 Summary of Changes
(195 kb PDF file) Items that have been modified, added or deleted since the 2014 approval. Updated July 2015.

Jump to: Climate & Weather

Grand Canyon National Park Visitor Transportation System Statistics

Passenger Statistics by Route and Costs, 1974 to 2005 (22kb PDF File)

Passenger Statistics by Month, 1974 to 2005 (19kb PDF File)

Vehicle Information Updated 2005 (28kb PDF File)


Backcountry Use Statistics

Backcountry use statistics (from overnight backcountry permits). The statistics include:

  • yearly statistics (2000-2016)
  • permittee breakdown by country and US state
  • use trends, corridor and non-corridor
  • use area details for 2016

Last updated: September 5, 2017

Contact the Park

Mailing Address:

PO Box 129
Grand Canyon, AZ 86023


(928) 638-7888

Contact Us