Because of its wide variety of ecosystems, Grand Canyon National Park is home to an incredible diversity of bird life. Ranging from bald eagles to the tiny rufous hummingbird, the Grand Canyon's pine forests, desert scrub, and streamside zones are home to over 370 species of birds. Many of these birds are residents who spend their whole lives in the park, while many others are migratory species, who rely on the Grand Canyon for shelter and food during their massive migrations. In 2014, the Grand Canyon was designated as a Globally Important Bird Area to recognize the important role the park plays in protecting hundreds of bird species.
The Grand Canyon is not only habitat for common species, but also a key place to restore species that were almost lost. Park biologists study some of the rarest birds in the world, including California condors and southwestern willow flycatchers, which use the Grand Canyon as an important refuge.The peregrine falcon, once a critically endanger species, is now a common sight in the Grand Canyon thanks to decades of conservation efforts. While you visit the park, keep your eyes open for the hundreds of bird species that call the Grand Canyon home.
Birds of prey, also called raptors, are birds that are primarily or totally carnivorous, have keen vision, and have powerful beaks for tearing flesh.The Grand Canyon is a sheltered home for many threatened birds of prey, and is an important location for raptor conservation efforts.
The Colorado River and its dozens of tributary streams create an extensive network of riparian, or stream-side, habitat in Grand Canyon National Park.These riparian zones create important habitat for permanent resident species, and are important rest stops for migratory species.
The Grand Canyon is home to hundreds of important species that are not considered birds of prey or riparian birds. Found throughout the park, this group of birds includes some of the most commonly seen birds in the park, migratory species, and rare species that are rarely seen. These other bird species fill important roles as pollinators, seed dispersers, insectivores, and prey, and their existence is crucial to the survival of many other species.
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Arizona Game and Fish Web Site