National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Westfield Center Historic District
Reference Number 13000441
State Massachusetts
County Hampden
Town Westfield
Street Address 0-362 Elm Street, 2-86 Broad Street, 0-83 Court Street, 2-24 Main Street, 0-71 North Elm Street, Chestnut Street on the west, West Silver Street on the South , Union Street on the north
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 6/25/2013
Link to full file
The Westfield Center Historic District, located in Hampden County in western Massachusetts on the Westfield River, is a 157-acre district that reflects the evolution of the town from a modest 18th-century farm village to a regionally important industrial community in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The district nomination vastly expands the 2008 Westfield Center Commercial District. The Commercial Historic District was identified as a concentration of commercial buildings, several of which were to be rehabilitated using investment tax credits. The Westfield Center Historic District is significant according to criteria A and C at the local level. It is significant as a representative, small, New England farm town, altered by the impact of the Industrial Revolution due to its location on a major river, the Westfield River. The river continued to play a role in the growth of commerce and in the production of water power through the late 19th century. Westfield Center retains buildings from its farming era as well as those that were constructed to make it an industrial cigar- and whip-making center. It is important for the retention of structures that reflect the history of commercial transportation in New England: from the Green as a center for cattle drovers, to an early 19th-century canal that was later broadened to include a railway line; to streetcars; and finally automobiles and the bridges that supported them across the Westfield River. The Center is important for the history of its residents, as immigration changed the ethnic makeup of the population, and industry enabled the accumulation of wealth. The center is significant for its architectural resources that include early residential buildings from its agricultural beginnings to the tobacco warehouses, whip factories, multi-family housing, and institutional buildings of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The scope of the Westfield Center Historic District includes residential neighborhoods with buildings dating from the mid-18th century through 1960, with both high and vernacular architectural styles from Georgian to Art Deco.


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria