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Fulfilling the NPS Mission 101
Informal Visitor Contacts 102
Interpretive Talk 103
Conducted Activity 210
Interpretive Demonstration 220
Interpretive Writing 230
Curriculum-based Program 270
Planning Park Interpretation 310
Interpretive Media Development 311
Leaning Interpreters 330
Interpretive Research
Other Developmental Competencies


Planning Park Interpretation Curriculum-based Program Interpretive Writing Interp. Demonstration Conducted Activity Interpretive Talk Informal Visitor Contacts Fulfilling NPS Mission IDP Homepage Interp. Media Development Leading Interpreters Interp. Research Interpretive Writing Curriculum-based Program Planning Park Interpretation Interp. Media Development Leading Interpreters Interpretive Research Interp. Demonstration Conducted Activity Interpretive Talk Informal Visitor Contacts Fulfilling NPS Mission IDP Homepage





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Module 103: Preparing & Presenting an Effective Interpretive Talk

Training and Development Opportunities

Current Training Opportunities (Word Format)

An NPS-developed on-line course in the Interpretive Talk is available at

IDP Resource Links:

*Free Acrobat Reader software allows you to view, navigate, and print PDF (Portable Document Format) files across all major computing platforms. PDF files are the de facto standard for the electronic distribution of documents because of their compact size, and because they retain the look and feel of the original document – including typography, page layout, and graphics. Acrobat Reader works as a plug-in with either Netscape or Microsoft Internet Explorer. You may download a free copy of Acrobat Reader 6 from Adobe Systems. Follow the installation instructions provided.

The following Interpretive Skills Program Lesson Plans are also available. Interpretive Skills Lesson Plans contain VALUABLE information, but in some places also contain obsolete information or ideas that have changed since they were developed. Keep this in mind when using the information, and always adjust the lesson plan information to the component plan concepts and principles when studying or teaching from the material.

Application of Interpretive Techniques

Biases and Behavior


Costumed Interpretation/Living History

Creative and Performing Arts


History and Philosophy of Interpretation

Interpretation Through Visitor Services

Interpreting from Diverse Points of View

Interpretive Program Research

Multi-Cultural Interpretation

Preparing and Presenting the Talk

Program Accessibility for Diverse Populations

Questioning Techniques

The Role of Interpretation in Park Operations

Skills Development in Interpreting Critical/Controversial Issues


Themes and Objectives


Editor: STMA Training Manager Interpretation

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