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Fulfilling the NPS Mission 101
Informal Visitor Contacts 102
Interpretive Talk 103
Conducted Activity 210
Interpretive Demonstration 220
Interpretive Writing 230
Curriculum-based Program 270
Planning Park Interpretation 310
Interpretive Media Development 311
Leaning Interpreters 330
Interpretive Research
Other Developmental Competencies


Planning Park Interpretation Curriculum-based Program Interpretive Writing Interp. Demonstration Conducted Activity Interpretive Talk Informal Visitor Contacts Fulfilling NPS Mission IDP Homepage Interp. Media Development Leading Interpreters Interp. Research Interpretive Writing Curriculum-based Program Planning Park Interpretation Interp. Media Development Leading Interpreters Interpretive Research Interp. Demonstration Conducted Activity Interpretive Talk Informal Visitor Contacts Fulfilling NPS Mission IDP Homepage





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Module 103: Preparing & Presenting an Effective Interpretive Talk

Competency Curriculum
The following curriculum components outline the developmental learning elements that compose the skills set for this competency. From these outlines, 1) employees and their supervisors can determine learning needs and strategies, 2) instructors can develop sessions and lesson plans. Each component also contains a list of useful references and developmental activities.

At the end of this module, participants will be able to:

  • Present an effective talk which includes and demonstrates a cohesive development of a relevant idea or ideas, without relying on a recital of a chronological narrative or series of related facts, and provide an opportunity for the audience to form an intellectual or emotional connections with the meanings/significance inherent in a resource;

  • Describe the interpretive talk development and delivery techniques necessary for an effective talk such as themes, goals, objectives, written outline (with citations), use of source materials and research techniques, presentation techniques.

Public speaking skills; accurate and balanced data and historical and scientific research skills; information sources; interpretive effectiveness; themes, goals, objectives and compelling stories; program organization; interpreting in a broader context; techniques for effective programs; interpretive ice-breaker techniques with various groups, questioning strategies, dealing with groups, reading visual clues.

All park rangers and NPS staff with public contact responsibility, both permanent and seasonal. This includes other staffs with public interpretation responsibilities in National Park areas, such as cooperating association employees, volunteers, concession employees, and park partner employees.

Classroom and lab, park, region, servicewide course for rangers, universities, National Association for Interpretation workshops/seminars, professional training organizations.

Within first year of appointment.

Editor: STMA Training Manager Interpretation

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