View from a bare rocky ridge of desert mountains with a desert valley below.
The beauty of Death Valley Wilderness is truly humbling.

NPS/E. Letterman


Death Valley Wilderness

Death Valley National Park contains the largest wilderness in the contiguous United States (over 3,190,400 acres or roughly 93% of the park!). Death Valley Wilderness was created by the California Desert Protection Act in 1994 and has grown over the years with the passing of additional acts and with new land aquisitions.

Today, nearly a thousand miles of paved and dirt roads intersect the wilderness, providing access to all but the most remote locations. In fact, many of the most popular places in the park, such as Mesquite Flat Sand Dunes and Badwater Basin are designated wilderness and are accessible by paved road!

Hiker looks away from the camera toward an open desert landscape with bare mountains and wispy clouds in the distance.
It is easy to find solitude in the vast wilderness of Death Valley National Park.

NPS/E. Letterman

The History of Wilderness

Wilderness, as defined in the Wilderness Act of 1964, is land "protected and managed so as to preserve its natural conditions and which generally appears to have been affected primarily by the forces of nature, with the imprint of man's work substantially unnoticeable."

During the late 1800s, Americans became concerned with the rapid development of natural resources and disappearance of wild places, which led to government protection of early national parks such as Yellowstone and Sequoia. These parks were primarily set aside for their scenic qualities.

By the 1930s, the complexity and importance of entire ecosystems was being studied. Parks such as Everglades in Florida were created to preserve wildlife habitat and the natural processes which support them. As technologies of the 1950s made it easier for more people to access backcountry locations, the federal government, working with conservation groups, sought ways to expand protection of the nation's ever-decreasing wilderness lands. These efforts resulted in the passing of The Wilderness Act of 1964.

Visit our keyboard shortcuts docs for details
2 minutes, 50 seconds

The Wilderness Act of 1964 established the National Wilderness Preservation System, a national network of more than 800 federally-designated wilderness areas. These wilderness areas are managed by the National Park Service, Bureau of Land Management, US Fish and Wildlife Service, and US Forest Service.

Round graphic incorporating a basket design and mountains with the text: Wilderness 60 1964-2024 Embrace Differences Enhance Habitat

Indigenous artist Thomas “Breeze” Marcus

Happy Birthday, Wilderness!

This year celebrates the 60th anniversary of the signing of The Wilderness Act of 1964, which protects designated areas with wilderness characteristics from development. How will you celebrate?


Today, there are more than 109 million acres of federally protected wilderness in 44 states. Although this may seem like a huge area, it is only about 5% of the land in the United States. Check out the maps on Wilderness Connect to see the extent of wilderness in Death Valley National Park or to find a wilderness area near you.

6 images left to right 1)brown and black striped chuckwalla 2)3 purple aster flowers with yellow centers 3)Sand dunes with ripples 4)Pink cactus bloom on cactus with red spines 5)Sun setting behind mountains with water on salt flats 6)Owl behind branches

Why is Wilderness Important?

The benefits of Wilderness have been cited for centuries. William Shakespeare noted that "one touch of nature makes all the world kin." Nineteenth century American philosopher Henry David Thoreau declared "in wilderness is the preservation of the world," and naturalist John Muir wrote:"brought into right relationships with the wilderness, man would see that his appropriation of Earth's resources beyond his personal needs would only bring imbalance and begat ultimate loss and poverty by all."

Wilderness has been associated with godliness, beauty, freedom, health and American virtues. Unaffected by humans, natural processes provide us with clean air, soil and water. Large expanses of undisturbed habitat are important to the survival of plant and animal species and provide an ecological baseline with which to understand the impact of humans on nature.

Wilderness areas provide beauty, solitude and inspiration as well as opportunities for discovery, hiking, camping and wildlife viewing. Many important historic and cultural sites and artifacts are protected from disturbance in wilderness. Time spent in wilderness and outdoor places has been tied with improved mental health and reduction of stress. Wilderness can also lead to economic benefits as it often increases the value of surrounding private land and brings tourism to local communities.

A backpacker touches the smooth rock wall of a vertical canyon as they walk away from the camera deeper into the canyon.
A backpacker explores the secrets of the remote Cottonwood-Marble Loop route.


How to Explore Death Valley Wilderness

Wilderness means many things to many people. Some consider a trip into the park’s remote and undeveloped backcountry the only way to seek wilderness, while others may find a picnic on the dunes at Mesquite Flats to be the perfect way to enjoy wilderness. What is your ideal wilderness experience? Check out these resources to help plan your next wilderness adventure:

Red camper van on a dirt road surrounded by a field of yellow flowers with two people sitting in camp chairs near the front of the van reading.
Enjoying wilderness can be as easy as finding a pull-off and reading a book while soaking up the sights, sounds and smells of nature.

NPS/Kurt Moses

Although there are few maintained trails, the well-prepared traveler will find a lifetime's worth of exploring in Death Valley National Park. Even a short walk away from the road will immerse you in the solitude and silence that defines the Death Valley wilderness experience. If you're planning a longer trip, be sure to tell someone outside the park where you're going and fill out a free Wilderness/Backcountry Permit.

Visit our keyboard shortcuts docs for details
4 minutes, 38 seconds

Follow a group of students from the University of California Merced on their first overnight trip into the wilderness of Death Valley National Park.


What Degrades Wilderness?

Wilderness is preserved for all of us, however there are many things which can harm wilderness and detract from our enjoyment of this valuable resource. Click the images below to learn about some of the biggest threats to Death Valley Wilderness.
Straight and circular tire tracks on a brown desert playa with mountains in the distance.
Off Road Driving

Just a few minutes of off road driving can leave scars which last decades.

A rock fire ring with ruins of a wooden and metal structure and desert shrubs in the background.
Prohibited Activity

Illegal fire rings, drones, graffiti, pets and trash can take away from wilderness.

Two burros (one black, one gray) look toward the camera over a shrub covered in yellow flowers.
Non-native Species

Some plant and animal species not naturally found in Death Valley are having negative impacts on native species.


How Can You Help Protect Wilderness?

You can be a good steward of wilderness by following Leave No Trace, teaching others about how to behave respectfully in wilderness and reporting illegal actvity to park rangers.


Last updated: June 29, 2024

Park footer

Contact Info

Mailing Address:

P.O. Box 579
Death Valley, CA 92328


760 786-3200

Contact Us