An alligator swims slowly through a swamp, its eyes and nose barely visible above the shimmering surface. A pitcher plant sways gently in the breeze, waiting for an insect to fall into its trap. An armadillo scurries through the brush, careful to avoid a cactus. The distant tap-tap-tap of a woodpecker echoes through tall pines. A dragonfly pauses atop a knobby cypress knee along a riverbank. Palmettos glow in the rare sunlight that reaches the forest floor.
These are but a few of the natural rhythms awaiting you in the Big Thicket!
Established in 1974, Big Thicket National Preserve protects a biologically significant portion of the Piney Woods of southeast Texas. Explore the unique natural and human history of the Big Thicket in this short film that captures the region's rich story.
A Biological Crossroads
The Big Thicket is a place where many plant species from the East Coast and Midwest reach the western and southern limits of their ranges. Here, you'll find a mix of different habitats for plants and animals, influenced by subtle changes in soil and elevation.
Wildlife abounds in the thicket, but spotting them can be a challenge! Move slowly, keep your eyes and ears alert, and you may get a glimpse. Some animals prefer the Big Thicket's swamps, like the venomous water moccasin, while others prefer its sunny, open forests, like the roadrunner. Migratory birds pass through the Big Thicket on their spring and fall journeys along the Central and Mississippi flyways.
Historically, Native American tribes used the Big Thicket for hunting and gathering but did not live within it. Instead, the Caddo lived in the hilly regions to the north while the Atakapa-Ishak lived along the coastal plain to the south of the thicket. The Alabama and Coushatta tribes were the first to settle in the Big Thicket, having moved west from what is now Alabama. Sharing a common history, the two tribes merged, forming the Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas; their reservation is adjacent to the preserve.
European Americans moving west generally went around the Big Thicket, avoiding its dense woods and swamps. However, some of them did settle in the thicket, and lived off the land in isolated homesteads, raising hogs and hunting with dogs. Local lore tells of outlaws and Civil War deserters hiding in the woods, legendary hunters, and the discovery of oil in the thicket.
A relatively new concept for the National Park System, the first national preserves were established on October 11, 1974: Big Thicket National Preserve in Texas and Big Cypress National Preserve in Florida. (Due to their establishment on the same day, both preserves claim to be the first!)
National preserves, like national parks, protect important natural and cultural resources. They differ, however, in that national preserves may allow hunting, mining, and fuel extraction, whereas national parks do not. Big Thicket National Preserve permits hunting and oil and gas extraction. NPS staff manage those activities to ensure that they don’t affect the natural values for which the preserve was established.
Big Thicket National Preserve has over 113,000 acres of public land for you to explore. With many miles of trails on land and water, hiking and paddling are the best ways to see the park. You can even make it an overnight trip and camp in the backcountry.
Fishing is a popular pastime in the Big Thicket’s waterways. In fall and winter, you can pursue deer, hogs, and other animals during hunting season. Other ways to enjoy the park include birdwatching, picnicking, biking, horseback riding, and more!