Nature & Science

The prairie

"We shall never achieve harmony with land, any more than we shall achieve absolute justice or liberty for people. In these higher aspirations the important thing is not to achieve, but to strive."
Aldo Leopold (Born in Iowa in 1887)

Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve, established November 12, 1996, is the only unit of the National Park System dedicated to the rich natural and cultural history of the tallgrass prairie ecosystem. This 10,894 acre portion of the once vast tallgrass prairie is being preserved as a critical resource for the benefit, education, and enjoyment of this and future generations. It is a unique private/public partnership between the National Park Service and The Nature Conservancy.

The National Park Service's Heartland Inventory and Monitoring Network monitors the plants, animals, and natural features in the Preserve over time. Knowing how these natural resources are doing and how they might be changing can help park managers protect the Preserve's special tallgrass prairie communities.


Read More About Heartland Network Monitoring on the Preserve

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    Learn About Recent Natural Resource Issues

    White Nose Bat Syndrome : the bat-killing fungus spreading across North America.

    Email us for the following data sheets while we work to make our pdf more fully accessible. Thank you for your interest.

    Bison Fact Sheet - (280 KB)

    Fire Fact Sheet - (1.34 MB)

    Restoration Fact Sheet- (1.01 MB)

    Butterfly Count Information - Data taken from the annual butterfly count.


    Tallgrass prairie once covered more than 170 million acres of the United States, from Indiana to Kansas and from Canada to Texas. Nearly all of it is gone, plowed under for agriculture or urban development. An ancient past survives in the irreplaceable Flint Hills tallgrass, but just as it was then, it takes all season for the grasses to reach their maximum heights. The phrase "Tall in the Fall" is one to remember when visiting the preserve. Like everything in nature, they start out small. By late September, early October the grasses have reached their limits and have turned a golden brown.

    In prehistory, what is now a sea of grass was once a shallow sea of water. Between 200 and 300 million years ago, the gray and white limestone and steel tough chert, commonly called "flint," began to form from this Permian Sea floor and with it the famous Flint Hills geology. The result was shallow, rocky land considered unsuitable for plowing but excellent for pasture. The natural prairie cycle of weather, fires, and animal grazing -- once bison, now cattle -- has sustained the tallgrass prairie and its diverse plant and animal species ever since.

    Now you can find over 500 species of plants, nearly 150 species of birds, 39 species of reptiles and amphibians, and 31 species of mammals. The preserve is also home to the Threatened and Endangered species known as the Topeka Shiner. The Topeka Shiner is a minnow that typically dwells in prairie streams. Much of the prairie flora and fauna is far too tiny to be seen from a passing car. For those who take the time to stop and look closer, a subtle world of special beauty and natural wonder is waiting.

    image of monarchs
    Support our Monarchs and Plant Milkweed

    Save the Monarch Migration One Butterfly at a Time

    Monarch butterfly numbers are at an all-time low and many pollinators are declining as well. The widespread planting of heribicide tolerant corn and soybean lines, intensive farming, and the ethanol mandate have led to a rapid loss of habitats for monarchs, many species of bees, and other pollinators. This loss of habitat threatens the monarch migration and all the species dependent on the services of pollinators to provide the fruits, nuts, seeds, and foliage they feed on.

    Monarchs and pollinators need our help. By planting milkweeds - the host plants for monarch caterpillars - and nectar plants for adult monarchs and pollinators, you can help maintain the monarch migration and sustain the pollinators whose pollinating services maintain our ecosystems.

    For more information and to learn what you can do to help Bring Back the Monarchs program, please visit You can even build a Monarch Waystation in your backyard.

    * Did you know that over 70% of our native plants and more than 30% of our crops are pollinated by insects?
    hikers on one of the many trails
    Come to the preserve and hike our trails.

    Experience the once vast prairie through hiking trails and prairie tours.

    Nature Trails

    • The Southwind Nature Trail, open 24 hours all year, starts in front of the Spring Hill Ranch house. The trail winds its way through the lower prairie, across a tree lined creek bed, and up gently rolling hills to expansive vistas of this unsurpassed pristine beauty. The loop trail measures 1 3/4 miles.
    • The Bottomland Trail is open 24 hours all year. Heading south from the Spring Hill Ranch house on Hwy 177 visitors take the first left turn past the Saint Anthony Cemetery on a gravel county road. Drive down this road about 1/3 of a mile. Look for a fence enclosed parking area and the trailhead to your left. There are two loops to choose from, the longer being approximately one mile in length. Along the path visitors will find five interpretive wayside panels and a trailhead kiosk with brochures at the beginning of the trail. For relaxation and reflection, visitors will find benches at appropriate locations along the path. This trail features both natural and cultural history and is wheelchair friendly when dry. Comfort station available on site.

      This trail provides visitors an opportunity to experience walking through a riparian prairie, while gaining an understanding of its rarity as a natural plant community and its importance in the human history of the Flint Hills region. The trail area is now a prairie restoration area. Continue to visit the trail and view the progress.
    • Fox Creek Trail is open 24 hours all year. Trail is a northern extension from the Bottomland Trail, but is not wheelchair accessible. It winds itself along and through Fox Creek for six miles round-trip. This trail allows visitors to experience a riparian area, while seeing a range of wildlife such as turkey, white-tail deer, and a variety of bird species.

    Contact the Park

    Mailing Address:

    2480B KS Hwy 177
    Strong City, KS 66869


    (620) 273-8494 x270

    Contact Us