Profiles of the Pinnacles Condors

Instead of names, every California condor is identified by a “studbook” number, assigned on their hatch date. A studbook is essentially a breeding registry that helps managers document and keep track of pedigree and individual birds. The lower the studbook number, the older the bird. Each bird is visually identified by a vinyl ID tag on one or both wings. For information on interpreting each tag visit To learn more about the condors that you might see, you can also visit the Ventana Wildlife Society's condor profile page.

Condor 310 on edge of nest.
Condor 310 on edge of nest.

Photo by NPS/Gavin Emmons

Condor 310 hatched on 5/11/03 at the LA Zoo. In the flight pen, 310 perched away from all the other birds and usually fed once the others had finished. However, upon release in 2004, she quickly came into her own and rapidly ascended the dominance hierarchy. Now, 310 is arguably the most dominant condor at Pinnacles. She is the oldest Pinnacles condor and first successfully nested in the wild in 2010 with her mate 219, who is managed by Ventana Wildlife Society along with 574, their chick. 219 and 310 continue to contribute to the wild California condor population and they fledged their second chick in 2014, condor 745. They had trouble with their most recently laid egg, but after replacing it with a pipping egg from the Los Angeles Zoo, 219 and 310 once again prove to be dedicated parents to their foster chick.

Condor 317 in flight.
Condor 317 in flight.

Photo by NPS

Hatched on 5/26/03 at the San Diego Wild Animal Park, condor 317 is the older sibling of 330. In 2009, she paired with a Ventana Wildlife Society released male, 318 and in February, 2010 laid the first condor egg seen inside Pinnacles National Park since 1898. Unfortunately, the nest failed. She and her mate had unsuccessful nesting attempts in 2011 and 2012 as well. Sadly, she lost her mate, condor 318 due to lead poisoning at the end of 2012. In 2015, 317 nested with another female, managed by Ventana Wildlife Society, 171. Both laid infertile eggs that were replaced with a single dummy egg. The dummy egg was later replaced by a pipping egg from the Los Angeles Zoo, a condor breeding facility, and successfully fledged. That chick is condor 787 and after a case of mistaken identity, is flying around with a tag meant for another untagged, wild-fledged condor 800.

330 outfitted with GPS
Condor 330 with GPS unit

Photo by NPS/Arianna Punzalan

A younger sibling of 317, condor 330 hatched on 4/19/04 at the San Diego Wild Animal Park. Of the 2005 cohort, condor 330 is one of the most dominant. 330 evaded capture for 5 and one half years. During four of those years, 330 was "stealth," meaning his radio transmitters did not work and staff had to rely on visual observations to confirm his well-being. 330 fledged fully wild chick, 800, with his Ventana Wildlife Society managed mate, 375. He was finally captured in April 2016 and is now outfitted with a GPS tag and multiple radio transmitters. The crew is excited to track his secretive whereabouts.

340 perched outside of nest.
Condor 340 perched on colorful Pinnacles rocks.

Photo by NPS/Gavin Emmons

Upon arrival at the Pinnacles flight pen, 340 was by far the most active and aggressive juvenile. Perhaps he was aware of his distinction in being the first chick produced by the Oregon Zoo, where he hatched on 5/9/04. As a culturally significant species to the Wasco tribe, the honor of naming 340 was given to Chief Nelson Wallulutum, who named him Kun-Wac-Shun, meaning Thunder and Lightning.
After his release at Pinnacles in 2005, 340 started to expand his range and quickly ascended the dominance hierarchy. He is outfitted with a GPS tag and has taken flight within 50 miles of the Bitter Creek National Wildlife Refuge condor release site. His continued exploratory flights make him valued within the flock for his ability to lead others to new areas. During the winter of 2013, he began courting Ventana Wildlife Society (VWS) condor 444. Unfortunately, 444 died due to lead poisoning in the summer of 2014. As a high ranking male, 340 found a new mate in VWS condor 236 and they are currently nesting within park boundaries, raising their chick, 828.

Condor 351 in redwood nest
Condor 351 on nest in redwood

Photo by NPS/Gavin Emmons

Condor 351 hatched on 5/28/04 at the LA Zoo. He was one of the last to be released in 2005, and spends much of his time on the Big Sur coast with his mate, 418. Although their nesting attempt in 2014 failed, they have continued their parenting efforts and are nesting again this year in a beautiful redwood on the Big Sur coast.

405 sunning on rock
405 sunning on rock

Photo © Gavin Emmons

Much of 405's story remains a mystery. He hatched on 4/18/06 in Boise, Idaho, and was released in late 2007. He has been exploring the local landscape ever since. 405 has become another very dominate bird in our flock, often flushing younger condors from carcasses or roost sites. Along with 330, he has become an elusive bird, spending much of his time outside of the park. After evading recapture since 2011, 405 was finally trapped in the spring of 2014 and fitted with a GPS transmitter so that his exploratory movement can be documented. He found a mate in 525 and though their attempts at nesting have failed the last couple of seasons, they remain determined and will likely be successful in the future.

Condor 418 spreads its wings to sun
Condor 418 spreading its wings to sun itself

Photo by NPS

Condor 418 hatched at the LA Zoo on 5/10/06. 418 acclimated quickly to the Pinnacles flight pen and bulked up from only 14 pounds when she arrived, to a healthier weight of 20 pounds. She was released on 12/6/06. 418 enjoys spending time along the Big Sur coast and had her first attempt at nesting with 351 in 2014. Their nest attempt unfortunately failed, but the 2016 nesting season is proving successful so far. 351 and 418 are raising their chick in a redwood tree along the Big Sur coast.

431 in flight
Condor 431 in flight

Photo by NPS


Condor 431 had an interesting history, even before he was released from Pinnacles in the winter of 2008. 431 is one of eight condors rescued from the Big Sur fire that eventually burned the Ventana Wildlife Society's flight pen where the condors were being held. During the fire, in late June of 2008, a Coast Guard helicopter and Ventana Wildlife Society staff shuttled the condors (including 431, 438, 448, and 451) out of the Los Padres National Forest to waiting Pinnacles staff.

Although hatched (4/12/07) at the LA Zoo, 431 originated as a wild laid egg in Big Sur. As part of an eggshell thinning study, biologists swapped out 431's egg with a dummy egg and later replaced it with a separate zoo-laid egg. 431's biological parents, 168 and 208, raised their foster chick, while 431 was raised at LAZ.

Condor 438 in flight
Condor 438 in flight

Photo by NPS


Condor 438 was released on 12/6/08 along with 418. 438 hatched on 4/21/07 at the World Center for Birds of Prey. While in the flight pen, she stayed very close to Hoi, an older mentor bird who was kept in the pen to help instill appropriate behaviors in the young birds. Once released she stayed close to Pinnacles for only a short time and then made her way to the Big Sur coast where she has enjoyed feeding regularly on sea lions and other marine life that washes up along the coast. 438 has also found a mate in condor 199, who is managed by Ventana Wildlife Society. The pair successfully fledged their first offspring in 2015, Condor 789.

448 in flight
Condor 448 in flight

Photo by NPS/Vladimir and Irina Kasho


Another condor reared at The Peregrine Fund's facilities in Boise, Idaho, 448 hatched on 5/8/07. One of the more curious birds from the 2008 cohort, 448 was the first to investigate the isolation pens (used to capture condors for health checks) while he was in the facility. 448 spends most of his time exploring the coast in Big Sur.

460 flying

Photo by NPS


Released on 11/29/09, 460 is one of two females in the 2009 cohort. 460 was hatched on 3/24/09 and reared by foster parents at the World Center for Birds of Prey in Boise, ID. She was the lightest weighing bird of the 2009 cohort, but still weighs in at a healthy 17 lbs. 460 and 463 can be seen regularly feeding alongside one another.

463 sunning in pen
463 sunning in pen

Photo by NPS


Hatched at the World Center for Birds of Prey on 4/2/08 and reared by foster parents, 463 was released into Pinnacles on 11/24/09. 463 continues to be the most dominant bird of the 2009 cohort. He sometimes crowded and pushed the other juveniles from the "best" perches while in the flight pen. 463 also began feeding before the other birds, with the exception of the adult mentor. Within his first year in the wild he explored most of the territory regularly visited by the Pinnacles flock and still continues to be one of the more adventurous condors by exploring the far reaches of the Central California range.

481 perched in tree
481 perched in tree

Photo by Howard Clark


Hatched on 4/27/08 and reared by foster parents, 481 is only the second Pinnacles bird to be raised at the Oregon Zoo (340 was the first in 2005). The Coquille tribe had the honor of naming her Ewauna. 481 started out as a bit of a loner, perching off by herself, but became more social as her time in the flight pen continued. She is a larger female weighing in at 19 lbs. She was released during a public release event on 9/26/09. She regularly flies between Pinnacles and the Big Sur and is still expanding her range.

514 90 days old
Condor 514 at 90 days old

Photo by NPS


He is the first fledgling from a nest in San Benito County in over 70 years and was raised by Ventana Wildlife Society female 303 and Pinnacles' male 313. Over the winter of 2009-2010, he slowly expanded his range from the nest, taking short flights with 313. In March, 2010 he left his natal canyon and flew further afield in San Benito County, making it to the park before April. 514 has established himself as a full member of the central California subpopulation, and frequently makes trips across the landscapes of San Benito and Monterey Counties to the Big Sur coast. He is known for having a bit of wanderlust and frequently explores new areas.

525 in flight pen
525 in flight pen

Photo by NPS/Gavin Emmons


Hatched at the Oregon Zoo on 5/4/09, 525 was given the name Yaa-Gulls by the Coquille tribe in Oregon. 525 seems to have an independent streak and likes to perch further away from the others in this cohort. She was released into the wild on 11/22/10 and can often be seen cruising near the coast. More recently 525 has been spotted being courted by several different males in the flock. She seems to have found a mate in 405. The pair have been unsuccessful thus far, but seem to be determined and will likely nest again in the future.

Condor 534 in Big Sur
Condor 534 perched on rock outcropping in Big Sur

Photo by Suresh Panikar


534 hatched on 5/18/09 at the Oregon Zoo in Portland. She brings the total number of Oregon hatched birds in the Pinnacles flock to four (joining 340, 481, and 525), but does not have any genetic siblings in the Pinnacles' flock. As with many other Oregon hatched birds, the honor of naming her was given to an Oregon tribe and she is known as Yawtanin. She is a rather curious bird; she was the first juvenile in this group to explore several of the traps and other areas of the flight pen. She was released along with 543 on 10/12/10. She now enjoys spending her time along the beautiful Big Sur Coast with two males, 204 and 470. After a failed nesting attempt with both of those condors in 2015, the "trio" is trying again with a nest along the coast.

543 in flight
543 in flight

Photo by NPS/Vladimir and Irina Kasho


543 hatched from the Peregrine Fund's World Center for Birds of Prey. She broke out of her shell on 5/29/09. She enjoys spending her time close to her fellow Boise hatchling 547. 543 was the first of the 2010 cohort to stretch her wings in the wide open spaces of Pinnacles on 10/12/10. 543 also enjoys spending most of her time along the Big Sur Coast.

547 in flight
547 in flight

Photo by NPS/Vladimir and Irina Kasho


547 is the youngest of the 2010 cohort, having hatched on 6/5/09 at the World Center for Birds of Prey in Boise, ID. She was the lowest ranking of the juveniles in her cohort and spent most of her days perched near the adult mentor. 547 is the younger sibling of a couple of our older males, 313 and 332. She was released on 11/16/10 and now, like the rest of her cohort, enjoys spending most of her days along the Big Sur Coast.

550 on scale at bait site
Condor 550 on scale at a bait site

Photo by NPS


550 was the nestling from the 2010 condor nest inside the park. Unfortunately, she had to be evacuated due to high levels of lead in her blood. Her lead levels were returned to normal while at the L.A. Zoo and she was finally able to take her first flight in the wild in autumn 2011. 550 is one of our smaller females, but still proves to be a challenge in hand. Since her release she has become one of the regular condors soaring over the skies of Pinnacles National Park and Big Sur.

Condor 564 from game camera
Condor 564 captured on game camera

Photo by NPS


564 hatched at the World Center for Birds of Prey on April 17, 2010. He is the younger genetic sibling of 438. 564 is quite the explorer and is a trailblazer for the flock. In 2015, he covered the entire historic California range for condors. He flew north of San Jose before venturing down into southern California, up the Sierras next to Mt. Whitney, and back to central CA within a month's time.

589 on ground
Condor 589 on ground

Photo by NPS/Arianna Punzalan


589 hatched on June 13, 2010 at the World Center for Birds of Prey. After being released in October 2011, he had a rough few days of being blown by the winds. With the guidance of slightly older juvenile birds, 589 was able to make flights out of the park. He is constantly exploring more of San Benito and Monterey Counties. 589 is often seen with Ventana managed, 569, and is expected to attempt nesting during the next breeding season.

Condor 602 perched near the Unmentionable
602 perched near the Unmentionable

Photo by Mathew Grimm


602 is a male that hatched at the Los Angeles Zoo on 4/10/11. He is the younger sibling of female condor 481 who briefly assisted the 2013 cohort as a mentor. 602 seems to be the most dominant of his cohort and quickly integrated into the flock. Soon after being released on 1/30/13, he took a short trip out of the park and was able to make it back safely. 602 is frequently in Pinnacles National Park and is a bird who is not afraid to exert himself.

606 sunning in pine
606 sunning itself in pine

Photo by Dylan Berry


A male with a past link to the central coast, 606 was laid by Big Sur condors 168 and 208. Due to research being conducted at the time, his egg was swapped with a zoo-laid egg and 602 was hatched at the Los Angeles Zoo on 4/22/11. After being released on 1/29/13, he made the condor biologists' job stress-free by safely perching in a tree and finding food on his first day. He has easily integrated into the flock since then, making regular flights to and from Pinnacles and Big Sur.

614 perched on Pinnacles rock
614 perched on Pinnacles rock

Photo by Martin Johns


Condor 614 is a female hatched at the Oregon Zoo on 4/1/2011. Originally thought to be genetically important, 614 was initially held in captivity to be part of the breeding program. It was realized that her genes were well-represented throughout the condor population, so 614 was transported here to Pinnacles National Park and was the last of the 2016 cohort to be released. Although 614 was released last, on 3/17/2016, she is proving to be a more dominant member of the central California flock.

626 profile
Condor 626 close up

Photo © Tim Huntington


626 is another condor hatched at the Portland Zoo on 5/30/11. 626 was the most submissive bird of the 2013 cohort and spent a lot of her time away from the other juveniles in the pen. Shortly after her release on 2/27/13, 626 made a flight to the High Peaks and did not feed for 3 weeks! She then returned to the bait site and quickly integrated into the flock. She tends to explore all the areas between Pinnacles National Park and Big Sur. 626 is often seen courted by males during breeding season and will likely attempt nesting in the upcoming year.

Condor 684 Profile
Condor 684 profile

Photo by NPS/Alacia Welch


She hatched at the Oregon Zoo on 4/11/13, and was transported to the Pinnacles flight pen on 10/22/14. Along with the other six juveniles in the 2015 cohort (687, 688, 692, 700, 704, and 713), 684’s release is planned for early 2015. She is one of the more dominant birds in the group, frequently pushing the other juveniles around. She also takes more practice flights in the pen than the other condors, which is great preparation for her release into the wild. 684 was the first bird released from her cohort, joining the free flying flock on 1/29/15.

Condor 687 perched on Pinnacles rocks
687 perched on Pinnacles rocks.

Photo by Peter Gallup


687 is also from the Oregon Zoo, and was hatched on 4/19/13. The Cowlitz tribe gave her the name Stuqw (pronounced stoa'-qu), which is the Lower Cowlitz Salish noun for "thunder" or "thunderbird". She is one of the more laid-back juveniles, rarely taking flights or asserting dominance over the others. 687 was released on 3/5/15 and quickly took flight around the park.

Condor 688 pre-release
Condor 688 in flight pen before initial release

Photo by NPS/Alacia Welch


Another Oregon Zoo bird, 688 hatched on 4/22/13. He arrived at Pinnacles on 10/22/14 along with the other six juveniles in the 2015 cohort and one adult mentor bird (condor 20) to help teach them proper condor behavior. 688 was released on 3/8/15, and immediately took flight over Pinnacles, perhaps he was strengthened by his name Ksh'pali, which was bestowed upon him by the Cowlitz tribe. Ksh'pali is the Upper Cowlitz Taidnapam dialect species name for condor. We look forward to seeing what other surprises he will bring in the future.

Condor 692 perched in pine
Condor 692 perched in pine

Photo by Peter Gallup


This young male was hatched at the Oregon Zoo on 4/26/13, and was transported to the Pinnacles flight pen on 10/22/14 with the rest of the 2015 juvenile cohort and their adult mentor bird. He has become known as the 'lover bird' of the cohort, and has been seen cuddling and allopreening with 700, 688, and 684. 692 joined the wild on 2/11/15 and enjoys exploring San Benito and Monterey counties.

700 profile
Condor 700 before release

Photo by NPS/Alacia Welch


700 hatched at the World Center for Birds of Prey in Boise, Idaho on 5/3/13. This bird seems to be a quieter and less dominant member of the 2015 cohort, and was released on 4/1/15. 700 also spends his time split between Pinnacles and the coast.

704 on scale in flight pen
Condor 704 on scale in flight pen

Photo by NPS/Danielle Powell


704 also hatched at the World Center for Birds of Prey in Boise, Idaho and arrived at Pinnacles on 10/22/14. 704 has been one of the more active birds, taking flights in the pen before many of the other juveniles. 704 was released on 3/24/15. So far 704, has proved to be quite a homebody and is often spotted in the park.

725 in flight
Condor 725 in flight

Photo by Peter Gallup


The younger sibling of Condor 684, Condor 725 is also a female hatched at the Oregon Zoo on 3/18/2014. She was released 2/4/2016 and immediately took off towards the southern border of the park. Since being released, 725 has adjusted to life in the wild and explores around South San Benito County with other free-flying condors.

728 in flight
Condor 728 in flight

Photo by Serge Richard


Condor 728 was the first of the 2016 cohort to be released. She was hatched at the Oregon Zoo on 3/20/2014 and released from the flight pen on 12/5/2015. 728 was a little weary of being out in the wild at first, staying close to the Pinnacles release site for the first couple of weeks. She now spends most of her time out of the park in South San Benito County.

744 profile
Condor 744 profile

Photo by Peter Gallup


Released on 2/21/2016, Condor 744 tends to spend much of her time with 742, who was released just one week prior. Also hatched at Oregon Zoo and the youngest of the 2016 cohort, 744 is definitely the most timid.744 has an older biological brother in the Central CA flock, Condor 706, who is managed by Ventana Wildlife Society and was released in 2015.

CACO 745 at 120 days
Condor 745 at 120 days in his nest

Photo by NPS


This chick was the only wild condor raised by a Pinnacles managed bird (#310) in 2014. 745 hatched in a nest in Los Padres National Forest on 3/25/14, and was successfully raised by his mother and his father (Ventana Wildlife Society condor 219). We enjoyed watching him take his first successful flights throughout the fall and were quite elated when he made it to Pinnacles for the first time. 745 now ventures throughout the San Benito and Monterey counties and seems to have found friends in the 2016 cohort.

Condor 785 in flight pen
Condor 785 in flight pen

Photo by NPS/Rose Fielding

785 is one of two juvenile condors that will be released from Pinnacles in 2017. In captivity, he displayed his dominance over his companion 795. He was hatched on April 27, 2015 at the World Center for Birds of Prey in Idaho. 785 has been observed spending his time taking short flights in the pen, picking on 795, and playing tug of war with pieces of rope.
Condor 795 in flight pen before release
Condor 795 in flight pen before release

Photo by NPS/Rose Fielding

Hatched on May 9, 2015 from the World Center for Birds of Prey in Idaho, 795 is slightly younger and smaller than her companion 785. They will both be released into the wild for the first time in 2017. 795 is much less dominant and pushy than 785, and always waits for him to finish eating before she takes her turn.

Last updated: May 23, 2017

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