Profiles of the Pinnacles Condors

Instead of names, every California condor is identified by a “studbook” number, assigned on their hatch date. A studbook is essentially a breeding registry that helps managers document and keep track of pedigree and individual birds. The lower the studbook number, the older the bird. Each bird is visually identified by a vinyl ID tag on one or both wings. For information on interpreting each tag visit To learn more about the condors that you might see, you can also visit the Ventana Wildlife Society's condor profile page.

Condor 310 on edge of nest.
Condor 310 on edge of nest.

Photo by NPS/Gavin Emmons

Condor 310 hatched on 5/11/03 at the LA Zoo. In the flight pen, 310 perched away from all the other birds and usually fed once the others had finished. However, upon release in 2004, she quickly came into her own and rapidly ascended the dominance hierarchy. She is the oldest Pinnacles condor and first successfully nested in the wild in 2010 with her mate, 219 (who is managed by the Ventana Wildlife Society, or VWS.) So far, they have raised three chicks successfully- they are the parents of VWS-managed condor 574 and Pinnacles-managed condors 745 and 835.

Condor 317 in flight.
Condor 317 in flight.

Photo by NPS

Hatched on 5/26/03 at the San Diego Wild Animal Park, condor 317 is the older sibling of 330. In 2009, she paired with a VWS-released male, 318, and in February 2010 laid the first condor egg seen inside Pinnacles National Park since 1898. Unfortunately, the nest failed. She and her mate had unsuccessful nesting attempts in 2011 and 2012 as well. Sadly, she lost her mate, condor 318, due to lead poisoning at the end of 2012. In 2015, 317 nested with another female managed by VWS, condor 171. Both laid infertile eggs that were replaced with a single dummy egg. The dummy egg was later replaced by a pipping egg from the Los Angeles Zoo, a condor breeding facility, and successfully fledged. That chick is condor 787, and is managed by VWS.

330 outfitted with GPS
Condor 330 with GPS unit

Photo by NPS/Arianna Punzalan

A younger sibling of 317, condor 330 hatched on 4/19/04 at the San Diego Wild Animal Park. Of the 2005 cohort, condor 330 is one of the most dominant. 330 evaded capture for five and a half years. During four of those years, 330 was "stealth," meaning his radio transmitters did not work and staff had to rely on visual observations to confirm his well-being. 330 fledged a fully wild chick, 800, with his VWS-managed mate, 375. He was finally captured in April 2016 and is now outfitted with a GPS tag and multiple radio transmitters. The crew is excited to track his secretive whereabouts.

340 perched outside of nest.
Condor 340 perched on colorful Pinnacles rocks.

Photo by NPS/Gavin Emmons

Upon arrival at the Pinnacles flight pen, 340 was by far the most active and aggressive juvenile. Perhaps he was aware of his distinction in being the first chick produced by the Oregon Zoo, where he hatched on 5/9/04. As a culturally significant species to the Wasco tribe, the honor of naming 340 was given to Chief Nelson Wallulutum, who named him Kun-Wac-Shun, meaning Thunder and Lightning. After his release at Pinnacles in 2005, 340 started to expand his range and quickly ascended the dominance hierarchy. During the winter of 2013, he began courting VWS condor 444. Unfortunately, 444 died due to lead poisoning in the summer of 2014. As a high ranking male, 340 found a new mate in VWS condor 236. They have successfully raised one chick together, 828- the first condor to fledge from Pinnacles in over 100 years!

Condor 351 in redwood nest
Condor 351 on nest in redwood

Photo by NPS/Gavin Emmons

Condor 351 hatched on 5/28/04 at the LA Zoo. He was one of the last to be released in 2005, and spends much of his time on the Big Sur coast with his mate, 418. Unfortunately their chick, 838, died in 2016 but hopefully they will attempt to nest again soon. 351 and 418 are partial to using cavities in redwood trees on the coast for their nests.

Condor 405 Image
405 perched

NPS/Rose Fielding

Hatched on 4/18/06 in Boise, Idaho and released in late 2007, 405 is a traveler that frequently goes back and forth between Pinnacles and the coast. 405 has become another very dominant bird in our flock, often flushing younger condors from carcasses or roost sites. Along with 330, he has become an elusive bird, spending much of his time outside of the park. After evading recapture since 2011, 405 was finally trapped in the spring of 2014 and fitted with a GPS transmitter so that his exploratory movement can be documented. He found a mate in condor 525; unfortunately, she died from lead poisoning in 2017. They were not able to have any successful nests before her death, but hopefully he will be able to find a new mate and contribute to the condor population.

Condor 418 spreads its wings to sun
Condor 418 spreading its wings to sun itself

Photo by NPS

Condor 418 hatched at the LA Zoo on 5/10/06. 418 acclimated quickly to the Pinnacles flight pen and bulked up from only 14 pounds when she arrived, to a healthier weight of 20 pounds. She was released on 12/6/06. 418 enjoys spending time along the Big Sur coast and had her first attempt at nesting with her mate 351 in 2014. Their nest attempt failed, and in 2016 they tried again. Unfortunately their chick, 838, didn’t survive.

431 in flight
Condor 431 in flight

Photo by NPS


Condor 431 had an interesting history, even before he was released from Pinnacles in the winter of 2008. 431 is one of eight condors rescued from the Big Sur fire that eventually burned the Ventana Wildlife Society's flight pen where the condors were being held. During the fire, in late June of 2008, a Coast Guard helicopter and VWS staff shuttled the condors (including 431, 438, 448, and 451) out of the Los Padres National Forest to waiting Pinnacles staff. Although hatched 4/12/07 at the LA Zoo, 431 originated as a wild laid egg in Big Sur. As part of an eggshell thinning study, biologists swapped out 431's egg with a dummy egg and later replaced it with a separate zoo-laid egg. 431's biological parents, VWS-managed 168 and 208, raised their foster chick, while 431 was raised at LA Zoo.

Condor 438 in flight
Condor 438 in flight

Photo by NPS


Condor 438 was released on 12/6/08 along with 418. 438 hatched on 4/21/07 at the World Center for Birds of Prey. While in the flight pen, she stayed very close to Hoi, an older mentor bird who was kept in the pen to help instill appropriate behaviors in the young birds. Once released she stayed close to Pinnacles for only a short time and then made her way to the Big Sur coast where she has enjoyed feeding regularly on sea lions and other marine life that washes up along the coast. 438 has also found a mate in condor 199, who is managed by VWS. The pair successfully fledged their first offspring in 2015, Condor 789 (who is also managed by VWS). They attempted to nest again in 2017 but the nest failed early on.

448 in flight
Condor 448 in flight

Photo by NPS/Vladimir and Irina Kasho


Another condor reared at The Peregrine Fund's facilities in Boise, Idaho, 448 hatched on 5/8/07. One of the more curious birds from the 2008 cohort, 448 was the first to investigate the isolation pens (used to capture condors for health checks) while he was in the facility. 448 spends most of his time exploring the coast in Big Sur.

463 sunning in pen
463 sunning in pen

Photo by NPS


Hatched at the World Center for Birds of Prey on 4/2/08 and reared by foster parents, 463 was released into Pinnacles on 11/24/09. 463 continues to be the most dominant bird of the 2009 cohort. He sometimes crowded and pushed the other juveniles from the "best" perches while in the flight pen. 463 also began feeding before the other birds, with the exception of the adult mentor. Within his first year in the wild he explored most of the territory regularly visited by the Pinnacles flock and still continues to be one of the more adventurous condors by exploring the far reaches of the Central California range. He found a mate in VWS condor 583; they attempted to nest in 2017 but their nest failed. 583 went missing shortly after that, and has not been signaled or sighted in months.

Condor 534 in Big Sur
Condor 534 perched on rock outcropping in Big Sur

Photo by Suresh Panikar


534 hatched on 5/18/09 at the Oregon Zoo in Portland. She brings the total number of Oregon hatched birds in the Pinnacles flock to four (joining 340, 481, and 525), but does not have any genetic siblings in the Pinnacles' flock. As with many other Oregon hatched birds, the honor of naming her was given to an Oregon tribe and she is known as Yawtanin. She is a rather curious bird; she was the first juvenile in this group to explore several of the traps and other areas of the flight pen. She was released along with 543 on 10/12/10. She now enjoys spending her time along the beautiful Big Sur Coast with two males, 204 and 470. After a failed nesting attempt with both of those condors in 2015, the "trio" successfully raised condor 842 in 2016. Unfortunately 534 went missing in early 2017 and hasn’t been seen in months.

543 in flight
543 in flight

Photo by NPS/Vladimir and Irina Kasho


543 hatched from the Peregrine Fund's World Center for Birds of Prey. She broke out of her shell on 5/29/09. She enjoys spending her time close to her fellow Boise hatchling 547. 543 was the first of the 2010 cohort to stretch her wings in the wide open spaces of Pinnacles on 10/12/10. 543 also enjoys spending most of her time along the Big Sur Coast.

547 in flight
547 in flight

Photo by NPS/Vladimir and Irina Kasho


547 is the youngest of the 2010 cohort, having hatched on 6/5/09 at the World Center for Birds of Prey in Boise, ID. She was the lowest ranking of the juveniles in her cohort and spent most of her days perched near the adult mentor. 547 is the younger sibling of a couple of our older males, 313 and 332. She was released on 11/16/10 and now, like the rest of her cohort, enjoys spending most of her days along the Big Sur Coast.

550 on scale at bait site
Condor 550 on scale at a bait site

Photo by NPS


550 was the nestling from the 2010 condor nest inside the park. Unfortunately, she had to be evacuated due to high levels of lead in her blood. Her lead levels were returned to normal while at the L.A. Zoo and she was finally able to take her first flight in the wild in autumn 2011. 550 is one of our smaller females. Since her release she seems to spend most of her time on the coast in Big Sur.

Condor 564 from game camera
Condor 564 captured on game camera

Photo by NPS


564 hatched at the World Center for Birds of Prey on April 17, 2010. He is the younger genetic sibling of 438. 564 is quite the explorer and is a trailblazer for the flock. In 2015, he covered the entire historic California range for condors. He flew north of San Jose before venturing down into southern California, up the Sierras next to Mt. Whitney, and back to central CA within a month's time. 564 is another bird that is difficult to trap; he is currently stealth, meaning he has no working transmitters.

Condor 589
Condor 589 perched

Photo by NPS/Gavin Emmons


589 hatched on June 13, 2010 at the World Center for Birds of Prey. After being released in October 2011, he had a rough few days of being blown by the winds. With the guidance of slightly older juvenile birds, 589 was able to make flights out of the park. He is constantly exploring more of San Benito and Monterey Counties. 589 paired with VWS-managed condor 569, and in 2017 the two successfully raised the second chick to fledge out of Pinnacles in the last 100 years- condor 878.

602 in flight

Photo by NPS/Barbara Lutes


602 is a male that hatched at the Los Angeles Zoo on 4/10/11. 602 seems to be the most dominant of his cohort and quickly integrated into the flock. Soon after being released on 1/30/13, he took a short trip out of the park and was able to make it back safely. 602 is frequently in Pinnacles National Park and has become a dominant bird in the flock. We expect him to find a mate shortly!

606 sunning in pine
606 sunning itself in pine

Photo by Dylan Berry


A male with a past link to the central coast, 606 was laid by Big Sur condors 168 and 208. Due to research being conducted at the time, his egg was swapped with a zoo-laid egg and 602 was hatched at the Los Angeles Zoo on 4/22/11. After being released on 1/29/13, he made the condor biologists' job stress-free by safely perching in a tree and finding food on his first day. He has easily integrated into the flock since then, making regular flights to and from Pinnacles and Big Sur.

626 profile
Condor 626 close up

Photo © Tim Huntington


626 is another condor hatched at the Portland Zoo on 5/30/11. 626 was the most submissive bird of the 2013 cohort and spent a lot of her time away from the other juveniles in the pen. Shortly after her release on 2/27/13, 626 made a flight to the High Peaks and did not feed for 3 weeks! She then returned to the bait site and quickly integrated into the flock. She tends to explore all the areas between Pinnacles National Park and Big Sur. 626 is often seen courted by males during breeding season and will likely attempt nesting in the upcoming year.

Condor 684 Profile
Condor 684 profile

Photo by NPS/Alacia Welch


She hatched at the Oregon Zoo on 4/11/13, and was transported to the Pinnacles flight pen on 10/22/14. Along with the other six juveniles in the 2015 cohort (687, 688, 692, 700, 704, and 713), 684 was released in early 2015. She is one of the more dominant birds in the group, frequently pushing the other juveniles around. She also took more practice flights in the pen than the other condors, which was great preparation for her release into the wild. 684 was the first bird released from her cohort, joining the free flying flock on 1/29/15.

Condor 687 perched on Pinnacles rocks
687 perched on Pinnacles rocks.

Photo by Peter Gallup


687 is also from the Oregon Zoo, and was hatched on 4/19/13. The Cowlitz tribe gave her the name Stuqw (pronounced stoa'-qu), which is the Lower Cowlitz Salish noun for "thunder" or "thunderbird". She is one of the more laid-back juveniles, rarely taking flights or asserting dominance over the others. 687 was released on 3/5/15 and quickly took flight around the park.

Condor 688 pre-release
Condor 688 in flight pen before initial release

Photo by NPS/Alacia Welch


Another Oregon Zoo bird, 688 hatched on 4/22/13. He arrived at Pinnacles on 10/22/14 along with the other six juveniles in the 2015 cohort and one adult mentor bird (condor 20) to help teach them proper condor behavior. 688 was released on 3/8/15, and immediately took flight over Pinnacles, perhaps he was strengthened by his name Ksh'pali, which was bestowed upon him by the Cowlitz tribe. Ksh'pali is the Upper Cowlitz Taidnapam dialect species name for condor. We look forward to seeing what other surprises he will bring in the future.

Condor 692 perched in pine
Condor 692 perched in pine

Photo by Peter Gallup


This young male was hatched at the Oregon Zoo on 4/26/13, and was transported to the Pinnacles flight pen on 10/22/14 with the rest of the 2015 juvenile cohort and their adult mentor bird. He has become known as the 'lover bird' of the cohort, and has been seen cuddling and allopreening with 700, 688, and 684. 692 joined the wild on 2/11/15 and enjoys exploring San Benito and Monterey counties.

700 profile
Condor 700 before release

Photo by NPS/Alacia Welch


700 hatched at the World Center for Birds of Prey in Boise, Idaho on 5/3/13. This bird seems to be a quieter and less dominant member of the 2015 cohort, and was released on 4/1/15. 700 also spends his time split between Pinnacles and the coast.

704 on scale in flight pen
Condor 704 on scale in flight pen

Photo by NPS/Danielle Powell


704 also hatched at the World Center for Birds of Prey in Boise, Idaho and arrived at Pinnacles on 10/22/14. 704 has been one of the more active birds, taking flights in the pen before many of the other juveniles. 704 was released on 3/24/15. So far 704, has proved to be quite a homebody and is often spotted in the park.

725 in flight
Condor 725 in flight

Photo by Peter Gallup


The younger sibling of Condor 684, Condor 725 is also a female hatched at the Oregon Zoo on 3/18/2014. She was released 2/4/2016 and immediately took off towards the southern border of the park. Since being released, 725 has adjusted to life in the wild and explores around South San Benito County with other free-flying condors.

condor 728
Condor 728 on  the ground

Photo by NPS/Rose Fielding


Condor 728 was the first of the 2016 cohort to be released. She was hatched at the Oregon Zoo on 3/20/2014 and released from the flight pen on 12/5/2015. 728 was a little wary of being out in the wild at first, staying close to the Pinnacles release site for the first couple of weeks. She now spends most of her time out of the park in South San Benito County.

744 profile
Condor 744 profile

Photo by Peter Gallup


Released on 2/21/2016, condor 744 spends her time between Pinnacles and Big Sur. She was also hatched at Oregon Zoo and the youngest of the 2016 cohort, and also seems to be the most timid.744 has an older biological brother in the Central CA flock, Condor 706, who is managed by VWS and was released in 2015. 744 has come into her own more since her release, and is now notorious for being wily and hard to handle during her yearly health checks.

CACO 745 at 120 days
Condor 745 at 120 days in his nest

Photo by NPS


This chick was the only wild condor raised by a Pinnacles managed bird (310) in 2014. 745 hatched in a nest in Los Padres National Forest on 3/25/14, and was successfully raised by his mother and his father (VWS condor 219). We enjoyed watching him take his first flights throughout the fall and were quite elated when he made it to Pinnacles for the first time. 745 now ventures throughout the San Benito and Monterey counties and seems to have found friends in the 2016 cohort.

Condor 785 in flight pen
Condor 785 in flight pen

Photo by NPS/Rose Fielding


785 is one of two juvenile condors that was released from Pinnacles in February 2017. In captivity, he displayed his dominance over his companion 795. He was hatched on April 27, 2015 at the World Center for Birds of Prey in Idaho. While in captivity, 785 spent his time taking short flights in the pen, picking on 795, and playing tug of war with pieces of rope. Now that he’s in the wild, he tends to stick close to Pinnacles and hangs out with other juvenile condors.

Condor 795 in flight pen before release

Photo by NPS/Rose Fielding


Hatched on May 9, 2015 from the World Center for Birds of Prey in Idaho, 795 is slightly younger and smaller than her cohort member 785. They were both released into the wild in February 2017. 795 is much less dominant and pushy than 785, and always waits for him to finish eating before she takes her turn. After her release, she immediately flew south of the park and didn’t return to Pinnacles for a few months, which is unusual for newly released birds. She’s proven to be very independent and exploratory since she’s been in the wild.


Last updated: March 13, 2018

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