First Ladies of the United States

"A position where I can do the most good..." - Eleanor Roosevelt

Over 47 women have held the role of First Lady as of 2017. However, not all those who have served as a first lady were spouses to the presidents. If the president was a bachelor or widower, or if his wife was unable or unwilling to perform the role, other female relatives or friends were called upon to carry out the first lady's official duties; thus, there have been more first ladies than presidents. For more information and biographies on each of the first ladies, visit the National First Ladies Library.

 
Martha Washington

Our First Ladies

Martha Washington
Wife to President George Washington
1789-1801
 
Abigail Adams
Abigail Adams
Wife to President John Adams
1797-1801
 
Martha Jefferson
Martha Jefferson
Wife to President Thomas Jefferson
1801-1809
 
Dolley Madison
Dolley Madison
Wife to President James Madison
1809-1817
 
Elizabeth Monroe
Elizabeth Monroe
Wife to President James Monroe
1817-1825
 
Louisa Adams
Louisa Adams
Wife to President John Quincy Adams
1825-1829
 
Rachel Jackson
Rachel Jackson
Wife to President Andrew Jackson
1829-1837
 
Angelica Van Buren
Angelica Van Buren
Daughter-in-law to President Martin Van Buren
1837-1841
 
Anna Harrison
Anna Harrison
Wife to President William Henry Harrison
1841
 
Letitia Tyler
Letitia Tyler
Wife to President John Tyler
1841-1842
 
Julia Tyler
Julia Tyler
Second wife to President John Tyler
1844-1845
 
Sarah Polk
Sarah Polk
Wife to President James Polk
1845-1849
 
Margaret Taylor
Margaret Taylor
Wife to President Zachary Taylor
1849-1850
 
Abigail Fillmore
Abigail Fillmore
Wife to President Millard Fillmore
1850-1853
 
Jane Pierce
Jane Pierce
Wife to President Franklin Pierce
1853-1857
 
Harriet Lane
Harriet Lane
Niece to President James Buchanan
1857-1861
 
Mary Lincoln
Mary Lincoln
Wife to President Abraham Lincoln
1861-1865
 
Eliza Johnson
Eliza Johnson
Wife to President Andrew Johnson
1865-1869
 
Julia Grant
Julia Dent Grant
Wife to President Ulysses S. Grant
1869-1877
 
Lucy Hayes
Lucy Hayes
Wife to President Rutherford B. Hayes
1877-1881
 
Lucretia Garfield
Lucretia Garfield
Wife to President James A. Garfield
1881
 
Ellen Arthur
Ellen Arthur
Wife to President Chester Arthur
1881-1885
 
Frances Cleveland
Frances Cleveland
Wife to President Grover Cleveland
1885-1889
1893-1897
 
Caroline Harrison
Caroline Harrison
Wife to President Benjamin Harrison
1889-1893
 
Ida McKinley
Ida McKinley
Wife to President William McKinley
1897-1901
 
Edith Roosevelt
Edith Roosevelt
Wife to President Theodore Roosevelt
1901-1909
 
Helen Taft
Helen Taft
Wife to President William Howard Taft
1909-1913
 
Ellen Wilson
Ellen Wilson
Wife to President Woodrow Wilson
1913-1914
 
Edith Wilson
Edith Wilson
Second wife to President Woodrow Wilson
1914-1921
 
Florence Harding
Florence Harding
Wife to Warren G. Harding
1921-1923
 
Grace Coolidge
Grace Coolidge
Wife to President Calvin Coolidge
1923-1929
 
Lou Hoover
Lou Hoover
Wife to President Herbert Hoover
1929-1933
 
Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
Wife to President Franklin D. Roosevelt
1933-1945
 
Bess Truman
Bess Truman
Wife to President Harry S. Truman
1945-1953
 
Mamie Eisenhower
Mamie Eisenhower
Wife to President Dwight D. Eisenhower
1953-1961
 
Jacqueline Kennedy
Jacqueline Kennedy
Wife to President John F. Kennedy
1961-1963
 
Lady Bird Johnson
Lady Bird Johnson
Wife to President Lyndon B. Johnson
1963-1969
 
Pat Nixon
Patricia Nixon
Wife to President Richard Nixon
1969-1974
 
Betty Ford
Betty Ford
Wife to President Gerald Ford
1974-1977
 
Rosalynn Carter
Rosalynn Carter
Wife to President Jimmy Carter
1977-1981
 
Nancy Reagan
Nancy Reagan
Wife to President Ronald Reagan
1981-1989
 
Barbara Bush
Barbara Bush
Wife to President George H.W. Bush
1989-1993
Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
Wife to President Bill Clinton
1993-2001
 
Laura Bush
Laura Bush
Wife to President George W. Bush
2001-2009
 
Michelle Obama
Michelle Obama
Wife to President Barack Obama
2009-2017
 
Melania Trump
Melania Trump
Wife to President Donald Trump
2017- 2021
 
Official White House Photo of Jill Biden

All images courtesy of the National Archives.

Dr. Jill Biden
Wife to President Joe Biden
2021-

Last updated: February 3, 2021

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Mailing Address:

205 Market Avenue South
Canton, OH 44702-2107

Phone:

(330) 452-0876

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