Rock Outcrop Management

Comparison on minor and severe human impacts on the ground by Little Stony Man
Comparison of minor and severe impacts of human use on vegetation and soils at Little Stony Man.

Gary Fleming/VA DCR DNH

Intense use of rock outcrops by hiking, climbing and camping enthusiasts has led to severe degradation of vegetation and soils at some cliff sites, including impacts to rare species and communities. An assessment of human use and impact at fifty of the Park's outcrops found that 40% of sites exhibited moderate to severe human impacts in the form of social trails, campsites, rock graffiti, trash, and soil and vegetation damage. The majority of impacts to rock outcrop natural resources were from day use activities including hiking and vista viewing. Two sites, Little Stony Man and Old Rag Mountain, were shown to have significant rock climbing use, and areas of impact caused by rock climbing activities.


ROMP Closures

In an effort to prevent further degradation of important outcrop ecosystems, the Park is currently implementing the Rock Outcrop Management Plan (ROMP). The plan calls for backcountry camping closures at six sites and complete closures at three locations (total of ~20 acres, or 0.01% of the total Park area). Implementation of these closures was not taken lightly by Park management. It was recognized that these sites are very popular with visitors, but the Park must honor the National Park Service Organic Act (1916), which mandates the protection of natural objects so that they will be "unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations." The plan was developed with significant input from the public with the goal to protect the sensitive natural resources on rock outcrops and cliffs while still providing opportunities for visitor enjoyment of these popular recreational areas.

The sites affects by closures are Mount Marshall, Overall Run, Marys Rock, Little Stony Man, Hawksbill, and Old Rag. See closure details for each site below.

Map of closed to camping areas near Mount Marshall
Map of camping closure around Mount Marshall.

Mount Marshall

Camping is prohibited above 3,200'.
Map of closed to camping areas near Overall Run Falls.
Map of camping closure around Overall Run.

Overall Run

Camping is prohibited along a half mile stretch of Tuscarora - Overall Run Trail. Closure includes both sides of Overall Run.
Map of areas closed to camping near Marys Rock.
Map of camping closure around Marys Rock.

Marys Rock

Camping is prohibited above 3,400'.
Map of  off trail public use restrictions near Little Stony Man.
Map of camping and public use closures around Little Stony Man.

Little Stony Man

Camping is not permitted in the vicinity of Little Stony Man cliffs because of existing backcountry camping regulations (no camping within 0.25 mile of Skyline Drive). This includes the area just north of the Passamaquoddy Trail vista at the bottom of Little Stony Man Cliffs. Areas immediately to the north and south of the primary rock climbing area are closed to all public use.
ROMP Closure Map of Hawksbill Mountain
Map of camping and public use closures around Hawksbill.


Camping is prohibited above 3,200'. The cliffs to the west of the Byrd's Nest Shelter at the summit are closed to all public use, as is the north slope of Hawksbill below the viewing platform at the summit (this closure extends downslope across the Appalachian Trail, but the trail corridor remains open to the public).
Map of closed to camping and closed to public use areas near Old Rag Summit.
Map of camping and public use closures around Old Rag.

Old Rag

Camping is prohibited above 2,800'. Please be aware that camping is not permitted in the vicinity of the Byrd's Nest Shelter, which is located at 2,900'. The west summit of Old Rag is closed to all public use
This is the first phase of the ROMP implementation. Outcrop communities will be monitored in future years to determine the effectiveness of the closures and the health of rock outcrop ecosystems. Additional restrictions may be put in place in the future if deemed necessary
A landscape looking over distant mountains with a rock outcrop protruding out of a nearby mountain.
Rock Outcrops

Learn about rock outcrops in Shenandoah and the plants and animals that call these unique places home.

Last updated: March 4, 2024

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Shenandoah National Park
3655 U.S. Highway 211 East

Luray, VA 22835


540 999-3500
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