Scuba at Lake Mead National Recreational Area

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Lake Mead National Recreation Area, which includes Lake Mead and Lake Mohave, is often highlighted as one of the top freshwater lakes in the world for scuba diving. The lakes offer a range of depths and submerged sites for both novice and technical divers. Please note that fluctuating lake water constantly changes dive location conditions.
 

Dive Sites

 

Kingman Wash

Kingman Wash requires access by boat.

  • Slope: Gentle
  • Boat Traffic: Occasionally Heavy
  • Visibility: Variable

Black Canyon in Boulder Basin

Black Canyon in Boulder Basin on Lake Mead requires access by boat.

  • Slope: Gentle
  • Boat Traffic: Occasionally Heavy
  • Visibility: Variable

Scuba Beach

Scuba Beach is located at North Boulder Beach on Lake Mead.

  • Lake: Mead

Gypsum Reefs-Virgin Basin

Extensive white gypsum reef area with irregular underwater erosion forms, visibility variable. Note: eroded formations may present unstable overhangs. Gypsum Reefs-Virgin Basin on Lake Mead requires access by boat.

  • Lake: Mead
  • Visibility: Variable

Cathedral Cove

Cathedral Cove is about 5 miles south of Echo Bay on Lake Mead and requires access by boat.

  • Lake: Mead
  • Visibility: Typically Good
  • Boat Traffic: Protected

B-29 Superfortress Bomber

The B-29 Superfortress Bomber is submerged in the Overton Arm and is a protected cultural resource.

B-29 Superfortress Bomber Information

  • Diving on the B-29 in Lake Mead is not allowed at this time.

Black Canyon on Lake Mohave

Black Canyon on Lake Mohave is for experienced divers

  • Lake: Mohave
  • Water: Moderate to Swift
  • Boat Traffic: Steady
  • Visibility: Typically Good

Ringbolt Rapids

Ringbolt Rapids on Lake Mohave requires access by boat.

  • Lake: Mohave
  • Water: Swift and Turbulent
  • Visibility: Fair

Work Barge

The 38 foot tow barge was used on the spillway tunnel repair project and sank in 1946. The barge is protected under the Antiquities Act, therefore, nothing may be removed or damaged. Work Barge is located 4¼ miles below Hoover Dam on the Arizona side and requires access by boat.

  • Lake: Mohave
  • Water: Moderate to Swift

Cabinsite Point

View the resting place of two boat wrecks. Cabinsite Point is north of Katherine Landing on Lake Mohave and requires access by vehicle.

  • Lake: Mohave
  • Boat Traffic: Prohibited
 

Lake Mead Diving Closures

The following are areas closed to diving at Lake Mead:
 
  • Above and below Hoover dam.
  • The portion of the Lower Overton Arm of Lake Mead, from a northern boundary at approximately Latitude N. 36° 15' to a southern boundary at approximately Latitude N. 36° 10', and from the western shoreline to the eastern shoreline, is closed to underwater diving. The restriction is necessary to protect a sensitive archaeological resource, the submerged B-29 aircraft, while the National Park Service completes a resource protection plan for the area. The B-29, and the site upon which it rests, are managed by the National Park Service under the National Historic Preservation Act.
  • All designated boat harbors. Divers employed by concessioners diving on official business and special events approved by the National Park Service are exempt from this restriction.
  • Water intake tunnel and the water intake overhead boom, located on the east side of Saddle Island, just north of Boulder Harbor.
 

Lake Mohave Diving Closures

The following are areas closed to diving at Lake Mohave:
 
  • Above and below Davis Dam.
  • All designated boat harbors. Divers employed by concessioners diving on official business and special events approved by the National Park Service are exempt from this restriction.
 

Potentially Hazardous Areas

Lake Mead

The following areas are potentially dangerous:
  • North of South Cove: Shallow river channel, soft, viscous silt layers on bottom several feet thick. The further uplake you travel, the muddier the water becomes due to the silt content of the Colorado River. Also, the thermocline is usually found at a depth of 5-10 feet with the water temperature dropping to the low 50 degrees. There are hazardous rapids that form and shift depending on water level.
  • Ski Beach and Personal Watercraft Beach near Hemenway Harbor: excessive boat traffic, especially from Easter to Thanksgiving.
  • Gypsum ledges, which have been eroded by wind and water, may have unstable overhangs.

Lake Mohave

The following areas are potentially dangerous:
  • From Hoover Dam to Chalk Cliffs (22 miles): narrow channel and heavy boat traffic.
  • Ringbolt Rapids (8 miles north of Willow Beach): swift and turbulent water up to 16 miles per hour, depth to 70 feet. Recommended for ADVANCED DIVERS ONLY.
  • Katherine Landing area: heavy boat traffic.
 

Scuba Diving Information

The degree of visibility on both lakes fluctuates throughout the year. During the cool winter months, October to April, visibility is usually good (20 feet to 50 feet). During the summer months, May to September, algae growth is stimulated by warmer water temperatures that results in reduced visibility (30 feet to less than one foot, depending on location and depth).

Visibility also varies with depth: the deeper one goes, the darker it gets. This is particularly pronounced in the summer months when the thermocline formed by warmer surface waters is present. During the summer months the first distinct thermocline usually occurs near the 30 foot to 40 foot depth. From surface level to 30 feet in depth, the temperature may range from 70° to 82° Fahrenheit, and this layer supports the majority of algae growth. The second distinct thermocline usually is found near the 60 foot depth. Between 30 feet and 60 feet the temperature ranges from 70° to 60° F with less algae present due to cooler water. Below 60' in depth, the water temperature is 60° to 52° F. At this depth, the water is usually clear but much darker in summer than in winter due to the dissipation of the light caused by the presence of algae in the warmer water above. During the winter, there is usually no thermocline with the entire water column is in the low 50 degrees.

There are several exceptions. Where rivers or streams flow into Lake Mead, visibility is poor year round due to high silt content or excessive algae growth. Examples are: Overton Arm where the Virgin and Muddy Rivers flow into Lake Mead; and Las Vegas Bay near the terminus of Las Vegas Wash. The reverse is true, however, from Hoover Dam to mid-way between Willow Beach and Eldorado Canyon. The colder water released from Hoover Dam (52-55 degrees F) provides clear water and good visibility throughout the year.

Most of the currents in Lake Mead and Lake Mohave are slow and undetectable. From Hoover Dam to mid-way between Willow Beach and Eldorado Canyon, however, the current ranges from 3 to 12 miles per hour. This current is variable depending on the volume of water released from Hoover Dam and the water level in Lake Mohave. At Ringbolt Rapids, the speed of the water may reach 16 miles per hour.

Navigational and cove name maps are available at Lake Mead Visitor Center and all marinas.

There are dive shops in Boulder City, Henderson, Las Vegas, Nevada, and Bullhead City, Arizona, which supply equipment sales and rental, instruction and air. Check the local telephone directory.

Regulations
Nevada and Arizona State fish and game regulations are in effect. A combination Nevada/Arizona fishing license is required. Spearfishing is legal for carp and striped bass ONLY. Spearfishing for striped bass is permitted throughout Lake Mead but only from the cable below Hoover Dam to Cottonwood Cove on Lake Mohave. Spearfishing is prohibited within 1/2 mile of any dock or shoreline activity area.

Aquatic Life - the following species may be found in the two lakes:
  • Largemouth Black Bass: During the spring and summer they can be observed guarding their egg nests or schools of fry. During this period their behavior is aggressive. (No spearfishing)
  • Striped Bass: Impressive silver fish seldom seen by divers. Up to 50+ pounds. Legal to spear.
  • Channel Catfish: average 4 pounds. (No spearfishing)
  • Black Crappie: average one pound. (No spearfishing)
  • Rainbow Trout: Fish can grow up to 5 pounds in Lake Mohave. Rainbow Trout are no longer stocked in Lake Mohave. (No spearfishing)
  • Razorback Sucker: This species is usually found only in Lake Mohave. Under federal law, it is classified as an endangered species, and is one of the few remaining original Colorado River residents. (No catching or spearfishing)
  • Bluegill Perch: They are found in shallow waters around rocks and vegetation. (No spearfishing)
  • Green Sunfish: They are found in shallow waters in rock holes and cracks, very shy and colorful. (No spearfishing)
  • Threadfin Shad: They can grow to about 3 inches, the predominate "food" for game fish, usually found in large schools.
  • Carp: Fish can grow up to 20 pounds, legal to spear.
  • Crayfish: They are found in heavy bottom vegetation, rarely seen.
  • Asiatic freshwater clam: They are found in abundance in both lakes. Legal to collect. Freshwater sponge.
  • Eel Grass: This plant is usually found above Willow Beach on Lake Mohave, often grows to 15-20 feet long, undulating in the current.
  • Algaes: This plant is found growing or hanging from submerged bushes and trees, often found hanging on strands of monofilament fishing line.
  • Soft shell turtles
  • Due to years of rod and reel fishing, areas containing submerged brush and trees are usually laced with pieces of monofilament line and hooks. Entanglement can be serious, so always carry a dive knife with you while diving.
  • Never dive alone. Use the "buddy" system.
  • Fly the standard red and white diving flag within 100 feet of diver while diving. A floating tow flag is essential in many areas due to heavy boat traffic.
  • Plan your dive; dive your plan.
  • Do not dive beyond the capability of the least experienced member of your group, and do not dive unless trained and certified.
  • Check the latest weather forecasts. (NOAA Weather Page) All launch ramps have weather boards.
In the event of an emergency, call 911 or contact the 24-hour Lake Mead National Recreation Area Interagency Communication Center via marine band radio channels 16 or 22A.

REMEMBER: Whenever a diving accident victim goes to a chamber for treatment the following information is necessary:
  • Victim's full name and age.
  • Victim's symptoms and treatment administered after discovery.
  • Profile of dives, depths and bottom times during past 12 hours before accident.
  • Depth and bottom time of last dive (or during dive) before accident.
  • Brief description of accident and names of witnesses.
  • Flight number or airline, estimated time of arrival and airport. Include airplane's pressurized altitude if possible. (If using the back-up chambers in California)

Lake Mead and the lower Colorado River system contain harmful quagga mussels. Do your part and help prevent the spread of Aquatic Invasive Species (AIS).

CLEAN.
Remove all plants, animals, and mud from your boat, anchor, boots and other equipment before you enter and after you leave the water. If traveling to another body of water, rinse equipment and boat hulls with high-pressure, hot water at one of the park's hot water wash stations.

DRAIN.
Before leaving the park, drain all the water from your boat, including the motor, bilge, livewell, ballast, hull and anything else that traps water. Leave drain plugs out during transport.

DRY.
Dry all compartments and equipment completely before entering another body of water.

 

Last updated: August 29, 2019

Contact the Park

Mailing Address:

601 Nevada Way
Boulder City, NV 89005

Phone:

(702) 293-8990

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