• an arrowhead made of stone
    Pinto Culture

    The earliest evidence of human activity dates back nearly 10,000 years.

  • a black and white photo of a Native American woman holding a basket on her head
    Traditionally Associated Tribes

    Learn more about the Serrano, Cahuilla, Chemehuevi, and Mohave communities.

  • a black and white photo of a woman excavating in the desert
    Elizabeth Campbell

    A pioneering archeologist of the region, Elizabeth Campbell surveyed numerous sites in the Pinto Basin area.

  • An old publication called
    Minverva Hoyt

    Joshua Tree was designated a National Monument in 1936 due in large part to the preservation campaign of Minerva Hoyt.

  • a black and white photo of a man standing in front of a cabin
    Miners and Ranchers

    First arriving in the late 1800's, miners and ranchers came in search of gold and cattle-grazing land.

  • a black and white photo of a family in front of a primitive dwelling

    10% of all land in the United States, or 270 million acres, was settled under the Homestead Act.


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    Last updated: April 23, 2024

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    Twentynine Palms, CA 92277-3597


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