Geometric figures, wavy lines, eagles, and royal cranes decorate both the long cotton tunic, called kamirra or kutuni, and the short pants called huerurri. The wide belt, called a kuayame is heavily stitched with a geometric design. Two small bags slung across the shoulders are called a kuchuri and a tubarra. The palm fiber hat, called a rupero, is decorated with feathers and yarn pompoms. Beads, called kuka, or cut glass, chiqirita, are used as jewelry and decorative objects.
Nayarit's steep canyons and deeply cut ravines seem to guard the indigenous people who have struggled to exist there for more than 250 years: the Tepehuanes of Huajicori; the Coras in the northern Sierra del Nayar, Rosamorada, and part of Acaponeta; and Huicholes in Yesca. On this state's rugged terrain, they have managed to preserve their traditions and languages while living by their own social and religious norms. Although some part of these indigenous groups have left the mountains seeking sustenance in more urban areas, many have remained in their remote homes, withstanding drought and famine for many generations.
Both the Coras and Huicholes are known for the beauty of their ancient apparel. The Huicholes or Wirraritari leave their garments unfinished because they believe only gods can be perfect. Huicholes are known for making the familiar Ojo de Dios (Eye of God) by winding colored yarn around crossed sticks. The weaving is said to protect children during the first five years of life.
Although its said that Aztlan was the point of departure for Aztec migration toward the valley of Mexico, there is room for debate, because some scientists say the point of origin of the Aztecs was actually the Isle of Mexcaltitan, to the east of Nayarit.
Several sierras traverse Nayarit, and its largest cities have developed in a series of valleys. Nayarit has 289 kilometers of coastline on the Pacific Ocean and numerous islands, including Las Islas Marias - Maria Madre, Maria Magdelena, Maria Cleofas, and San Juanito - which were officially converted to penal colonies in 1905.
Several picturesque lagoons such as the Santa Maria del Oro, San Pedro Lagunillas, and Agua Brava are used as tourist resorts, for commercial fishing, and to irrigate the surrounding lands.
Agriculture is the main economic activity, producing sugarcane, beans, coconut palm, and tobacco.
Did you know...?
During the government of Venustiano Carranza, it was proposed that this state be called Nayarit in honor of the 16th century Cora governor who prevented the Spaniards from conquering and evangelizing the indigenous Cora and Huichol people of the sierra region. the word Nayarit means the "Son of God who is in Heaven and in the Sun." Before it was called Nayarit, the state had other names like Seventh District (when it belonged to the state of Jalisco), Military District, and Territory of Tepic. Nayarit is one of the smallest Mexican states; only Aguascalientes, Colima, Morelos, Tlaxcala, and the Federal District are smaller.