The deep blue jacket and skirt with broad red edging are elegantly simple. Morelos is one of Mexico's smallest states. The Nahuas are the largest group of indigenous people in the country of Mexico, numbering well over a million. The majority of the Nahuas are concentrated in the states of Morelos, Puebla, Tlaxcala, and Mexico. Seven different tribes recognized as Nahuatlacas speak Nahuatl, also known as Mexicano. The Nahuas carried the powerful influence of the Aztec culture through the Spanish conquest and into modern day Mexico where they have both integrated with the general population and maintained their dedication to successfully cultivating their native soil. The Tlahuica were also one of the Aztec peoples of central Mexico at the time of the Spanish conquest (1521 AD) who lived in the area that is now the state of Morelos.
Known as la ruta de los balnearios (the bathers' route), Morelos makes the most of its abundant rivers and springs and moderate climate, attracting visitors - especially residents of Mexico City - to its many refreshing water parks, thermal baths, and mineral springs. Some resorts are located in former convents and monasteries.
During Carnival, the traditional dance of the chinelos is extremely popular. Dancers dress in long tunics, cover their faces with masks, and wear tall headdresses adorned with mirrors and colorful beads.
The Transversal Volcanic Sierra, also known as the Sierra del Centro, is an enormous mountain range stretching across Morelos' northern and eastern borders. To the north, the Chichinautzin biological corridor is dedicated to the protection and preservation of plants and animals, like the teporingo, a small rabbit with short round ears, which is on the list of species facing extinction.
The state's industry has profited from proximity to Mexico City, but in 1963, Morelos formed its own industrial zone, CIVAC - the Cuernavaca Valley Industrial Corridor - to separate local industry from the capital.
The well-known slogan that appears around the border of Morelos' state emblem, "The land will be returned to those who work it with their hands," was coined by the famous Morelos revolutionary leader, Emiliano Zapata.
Did you know...?
The state bears the name Morelos in honor of hero José María Morelos y Pavón, who fought for Mexico's independence. While Maximilian resided in Mexico City as Emperor of Mexico, President Benito Juárez was forced to set up government in different places throughout Mexico. Juárez divided the state of Mexico into three military districts: the first of these covered what is now Mexico state, the second pertained to what is now Hidalgo, and the third, to Morelos. After Maximilian was executed, Juárez returned to Mexico City, where he once again set up the republican government. When the French Intervention finally ended, the people living in the region requested the formation of a new state. After a year of discussions, Juárez created the state of Morelos.