Lesson Plan

The French and Indian War 1754-1763: Unit 6 – How Did the War Set the Stage for the American Revolution?

The “Join or Die” cartoon that was developed during the French and Indian War.

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Grade Level:
Upper Elementary: Third Grade through Fifth Grade
Subject:
Literacy and Language Arts,Social Studies
Lesson Duration:
60 Minutes
Common Core Standards:
6-8.RH.1, 6-8.RH.2, 6-8.RH.4, 6-8.RH.6, 6-8.RH.8, 3.RI.1, 3.RI.2, 3.RI.3, 3.RI.6, 4.RI.1, 4.RI.2, 4.RI.3, 4.RI.8, 5.RI.1, 5.RI.2, 5.RI.4, 5.RI.8
State Standards:
National History Standards: K-4 Topic 2: 3B, 3D, 3E; K-4 Topic 3: 4A, 4B, 4C; US Era 2: 1AB, 2A; US Era 3: 1A, 1C; World Era 6: 4A
Additional Standards:
Many more C3 standards can apply to higher grade levels.
The College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards
D2.Geo.7.3-5
D2.Geo.6.3-5.
D2.Geo.2.3-5.
D2.Eco.14.3-5.
Thinking Skills:
Understanding: Understand the main idea of material heard, viewed, or read. Interpret or summarize the ideas in own words. Applying: Apply an abstract idea in a concrete situation to solve a problem or relate it to a prior experience.

Objective

Guiding Question: How did the French and Indian War set the stage for the American Revolution? What experience had the colonists gained? How had the political situation changed?

Student Objectives: Students will…
•        List four ways the French and Indian War affected the American Revolution
•        List one way the American Revolution affected the American Indians
•        List one reason the "Join or Die" logo become popular during the American Revolution

Background

“How Did the War Set the Stage for the American Revolution?” Unit 6 of the Teacher’s Education Kit “The French and Indian War: 1754-1763” has the students read a student reading that teaches four ways the French and Indian War set the stage for the American Revolution. The students also learn about the “Join or Die” logo.

“The French and Indian War 1754-1763” is broken into eight units and a Teacher Background. This lesson can be used for upper elementary or middle school students, based on reading level abilities.

Critical Content: At the end of the French and Indian War the British had a huge new empire to manage and a huge debt. To help pay for the soldiers stationed in North America the British Parliament began to tax the colonists. Upset with the taxes and other changes the colonist revolted. Many British colonists had gained military experience during the French and Indian War. Also the French join the colonists during the American Revolution partly to get revenge on the British, after losing the French and Indian War. When the Americans won the American Revolution new and drastically different leaders began to set the policies for how to interact with the American Indians.

This unit includes two lesson plans:

·       "The French and Indian War Sets the Stage for the American Revolution" has students learn four ways the French and Indian War affected the American Revolution. Also students learn about how the American Revolution affected the American Indians.

·       "Join or Die" has students explore the Join or Die political cartoon drawn by Benjamin Franklin during the French and Indian War and draw conclusions about why it became popular during the American Revolution

The "French and Indian War 1754-1763" Teacher's Education Kit is targeted for 4th-6th grade students. It is broken into eight units and a Teacher Background section. Each unit can be completed independently. Units 1 – 6 chronologically follow the war from start to finish, including how the war set the stage for the American Revolution. There are two lessons that feature George Washington. Each unit has one or more lesson plans. Unit 7 has 27 biography cards of people involved in the French and Indian War. There are nine American Indian biographies, nine French biographies and nine British biographies. Unit 8 provides information on primary documents and artifacts that are featured on the biography cards. Also included is a color map and information on French and Indian War historical sites in western Pennsylvania.

Preparation

Print handouts for students.

Project or print map.

Materials

The teacher background gives the teacher the information needed to teach all the lessons in this curriculum.

Download Teacher Background

This map will help the students understand the three cultures involved in the war and their geographical locations.

Download Map

Procedure

1. Download the pdf of the lesson plans (by clicking on the button next to the title)

2. Download the Teacher Background from the Materials section

3. Teach and discuss with the students

Additional Resources

Fort Necessity National Battlefield web site 

A Charming Field for an Encounter the park's handbook 

Becoming George Washington a curriculum about George Washington in the French and Indian War 

The Lands Would Be Entirely Theirs Again: Indians and the Seven Years’ War in the Ohio Valley by Amy C. Schutt. Ask the education staff for a free copy.

Related Lessons or Education Materials

“The French and Indian War 1754-1763” Teacher’s Education Kit is broken into eight units and a Teacher Background section. Units 1 - 6 chronologically follow the war from start to finish, including how the war set the stage for the American Revolution.  

Links to the other units:

Unit 1: Who Were the People Involved?

Unit 2: What Were They Fighting For?

Unit 3: How Did the Conflict Begin? (This includes two lessons on George Washington)

Unit 4: How Did the War Progress?

Unit 5: How Did the Conflict End? What Were the Consequences?

Unit 6: How Did the French and Indian War Set the Stage for the American Revolution?

Unit 7: Biography Cards (there are nine American Indian, nine French, nine British biographies)

Unit 8: Primary Documents and Artifacts

Introduction

French and Indian War Sites in Western Pennsylvania

French and Indian War Sites in Western Pennsylvania

Contact Information

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Last updated: January 6, 2017