Park Statistics

Important Dates:

  • May 22, 1926 - Date Authorized
  • December 26, 1935 - Date Established
  • July 3, 1936 - Park dedicated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt

Lands Information:

Total acres - 197,438.76

  • Albemarle County - 14,681.16 acres
  • Augusta County - 12,269.42 acres
  • Greene County - 15,284.65 acres
  • Madison County - 33,106.22 acres
  • Page County - 38,613.77 acres
  • Rappahannock County - 31,856.33 acres
  • Rockingham County - 37,968.58 acres
  • Warren County - 13,658.63 acres


Designated Wilderness acres - 79,579

  • North District - 25,100 acres
  • Central District - 21,380 acres
  • South District - 33,099 acres


Facilities:

Roads and Trails

  • 236 miles of roads, including
    • 105 miles of Skyline Drive
  • 75 overlooks
  • 516 miles of hiking trails, including
    • 200 miles of designated horse trails
    • 101 miles of Appalachian Trail

National Park Service Facilities

  • 4 entrance stations
  • 2 visitor centers
  • 2 boundary contact stations
  • 4 campgrounds
    • Mathews Arm Campground 179 sites
    • Big Meadows Campground 217 sites
    • Lewis Mountain Campground 32 sites
    • Loft Mountain Campground 219 sites
  • 7 picnic areas

DNC Parks & Resorts at Shenandoah, Inc.

  • 3 lodging facilities - 285 rooms total
    • Skyland - 178 rooms
    • Big Meadows Lodge - 97 rooms
    • LewisMountain - 10 rooms
  • 3 waysides
  • 5 food service outlets - 530 seats
  • 7 merchandise outlets
  • 1 gas stations
  • 3 public showers/laundries
  • 1 stable for trail rides
  • 2 conference facilities (Big Meadows and Skyland)
  • Guided hiking and rock climbing

PotomacAppalachian Trail Club

  • 6 backcountry cabins

Natural and Cultural Resources:

Cultural Resources

  • 2 National Historic Landmarks (Rapidan Camp and Skyline Drive National Historic Landmark District)
  • 1 Structure (Corbin Cabin) listed on the National Register of Historic Places
  • 351 Buildings and structures included on the List of Classified Structures
  • 609 Significant, recorded archeological sites, 11 of which are listed on the National Register of Historic Places
  • 100+ cemeteries

Plants

  • 1406 Vascular plant species
    • 1026 herb species
    • 55 ferns and club moss species
    • 139 shrub species
    • 132 tree species
    • 54 vine species
  • 1046 Native plant species
  • 360 Non-native plant species
    • 41 considered invasive, non-native species
  • 30 Native plant communities described by the National Vegetation Classification System
  • 62 State rare plant species
  • 8 Globally rare plant species
  • 10 Globally rare plant community types
  • 1650 Non-vascular plant species
    • 815 Bryophyte species (mosses, liverworts, hornworts)
    • 476 Fungus species
    • 359 Lichen species
  • 95% of park forested

Animals

  • 53 species of mammals
    • 36 species of small mammals
    • 17 species of mid/large mammals
  • 38 species of fish
    • 10 species of game fish (3 species of trout)
    • 28 species of non-game fish
  • 26 species of reptiles
    • 18 snakes (2 species of poisonous snakes)
    • 5 turtles
    • 3 lizards
  • 24 species of amphibians
    • 10 toads and frogs
    • 14 salamanders and newts (1 Federally endangered salamander)
  • Over 200 species of birds
    • Largest Bird - Wild Turkey
    • Longest Wing Span - Golden Eagle
    • State-threatened Species - Peregrine Falcon (breeding) and Bald Eagle (occasional)

Geologic Resources and Topography

  • Three primary bedrock types - granitic, siliciclastic, basaltic
  • Over 60 peaks with elevation over 3,000 feet
  • Highest peak - Hawksbill at 4,049 feet
  • Lowest elevation - 561 feet near the north end

Water Resources

  • Over 90 streams
  • Highest waterfall - Overall Run - 93 feet
  • Most visited waterfall - Dark Hollow Falls

Weather

  • Temperatures range from -10o to 1000
  • Precipitation Average: 40-50 inches annually

Last updated: July 6, 2017

Contact the Park

Mailing Address:

Shenandoah National Park
3655 U.S. Highway 211 East

Luray, VA 22835

Phone:

(540) 999-3500

Contact Us