There are 25 major glaciers on Mount Rainier and numerous unnamed snow or ice patches, which cover about 35 square miles (90 km2). Mount Rainier's glaciers are important indicators of climatic change and essential sources of water, supporting six major river systems. The Emmons Glacier has the largest area (4.3 square miles) and the Carbon Glacier has the lowest terminus altitude (3,600 feet) of all glaciers in the contiguous 48 states.
Mount Rainier Glaciers - Map and descriptions of some of Mount Rainier's major glaciers.
The Mount Rainier Interactive Glacier Webpages have additional information on the park's glaciers.
Glacier Research & Resources
Debris Flows from Glaciers
Historically, glacial outburst floods, torrential rains, and stream capture have caused small to moderate size debris flows. Most occur in drainage systems with large glaciers. A glacial outburst flood originating from the South Tahoma Glacier created a debris flow along Tahoma Creek on August 13, 2015 (news release).
Less common are debris flows triggered by a drainage diversion in an un-glaciated drainage basin. For example, Kautz Glacier meltwater diverting into the Van Trump Basin triggered debris flows on the south side of the mountain in 2001 and 2003. Glacial outburst floods are one type of geohazard in the park.
Status of the Glaciers - Summer 2015 Update
A quick review of historic data reveals, not surprisingly, that the melt in the first part of the summer of 2015 is greater than early season melt from any previous year dating back to 2003, when monitoring began. For the first time since monitoring began, field crews might have to re-drill ablation stakes in the bare ice of the lower Nisqually because stakes might melt out before the season is over. The debris noted in the photo actually insulated the glacier from melt, so we see much lower rates of melt on the debris covered areas of the glacier than we do on bare ice.
At 6,100 feet (1,859 m) on the non-debris covered lower Nisqually we have 10.8 feet (3.3 m) of snow melt plus an additional 6.5 feet (2 m) of ice as of 7/28/2015. Our final check will be the first to second week of October - still two more months of potential melt!
Learn more about glacier monitoring at Mount Rainier and other parks.
Last updated: December 13, 2017