History & Culture

Women on a canal boat
Women on a canal boat

In the 19th and early 20th century the C&O Canal provided jobs and opportunities for people throughout the Potomac River Valley, from the tidal basin in Washington D.C. to the mountains of Western Maryland.

In a little less than one hundred years, the C&O Canal witnessed a race west by transportation giants, the growth and decline of communities and businesses along the banks of the Potomac River, fierce battles raging between a divided nation, and improvements in technology that made life along the canal obsolete.

Today the remains of the C&O Canal provide a place to recreate and enjoy nature, but most importantly they tell the story of the canal's important role in America's history. Stories of western expansion, transportation, engineering, the Civil War, immigration, industry and commerce.

Discover the fascinating People, Places, Stories and Collections that compose the C&O Canal's unique history by searching the links. Additional historical documents and publications are available through the Park History Program.

Need more in-depth information? Check our our free downloads of Historic Structure reports and more documents with historical and current information about the C&O Canal.

If you can't find what you are looking for please contact our Staff and Offices, who are happy to help provide additional information.


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1850 Dual Highway, Suite 100
Hagerstown, MD 21740


(301) 739-4200
This phone number is answered Monday-Friday from 8am-4pm.

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