Learn and Explore
"In about anything they needed as extra manpower, they always relied on the CCC…. I mean, you can just see the results. I don’t think they would have a lot of things today if they hadn’t had the CCC working on these, you know a lot of this rock cribbing and river work and the trail work and just things like that. They got a lot done. It makes the park…I’ll say."
The Emergency Conservation Work Agency was established on April 5, 1933, just one month into Franklin D. Roosevelt's Presidency. The ECW program, commonly known as the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), was one of the most successful programs of President Roosevelt’s New Deal policies.
New Deal programs strove to stimulate the economy during the difficult times of the Great Depression. The purpose of the CCC was to implement new conservation projects and to provide financial relief to unemployed young men and their families. CCC enrollees traveled across federal and state lands to complete a wide range of projects including, but not limited to, road construction, flood and erosion control, firefighting, and planting millions of trees. In addition to monetary compensation, participants received hands-on training and education. This assisted them in finding permanent employment or preparing them to enter the military. Overall, more than 3 million young men participated in the program throughout its nine-year existence.
Sources used on our CCC webpages are collected in this Reference Document (PDF).
Last updated: December 12, 2021