CCC enrollees were young, unmarried men between the ages of 18 and 25 (later expanded to 17-28 years old). Impacted by the economic downturn of the Great Depression, many men who joined were in desperate need of jobs to provide for their families. These young men would enlist for six-month terms and received $30 per month in wages, $25 of which was automatically sent home to their dependents. Enrollees were organized into companies of 200 men and sent to camps all across the United States.
The bill that established the CCC in 1933 included language that stated "…no discrimination shall be made on account of race, color, or creed.” All men were allowed to participate in the CCC. However, this was not the prevailing experience for some. Native Americans were restricted to work on their reservations. As a result, only 746 Native American men were recorded as being enrolled in Utah. Initially, African American men were assigned to camps, regardless of their race. However, due to racial tensions and local opposition across the country, by 1935 African American men were placed into segregated camps and could only work within their own states. Because of this, there is no record of any African American enrollee being employed at Zion, Bryce, or Cedar Breaks.
Last updated: October 6, 2021