History & Culture

Ernest Oberholtzer with dog Skippy and Billy Maggie holding cabbage.
Ernest Oberholtzer (right) with dog Skippy and Tay-tah-pa-sway-wi-tong (left) holding cabbage.


The voyageur - a French word meaning traveler - the namesake of Voyageurs National Park - began journeying through these interconnected waterways over 250 years ago; waterways that are one of the most important segments of the fur trade route used to open the "Great Northwest".

As park visitors travel the lakes today, it is easy to imagine the voyageurs of the past dipping their canoe paddles into the clear, dark waters to the rhythm of their songs, gliding past the rock and pines of this northern landscape.

Voyageurs National Park was established in 1975, but is filled with evidence of over 10,000 years of human life and use. Signs of Native Americans, fur traders, and homesteaders, signs of logging, mining, and commercial fishing are scattered throughout the park.

The Organic Act of 1916 created the National Park Service and decreed that nature and culture were to be protected hand-in-hand. Voyageurs National Park protects and shares a rich, unique cultural history that was shaped by the picturesque, rugged nature of its water and lands.


Many different cultures or people have created the past and present of Voyageurs National Park from the Native Amercians, to the Fur Trade, and European Settlement. Discover the impressions they have left in these north woods.


Voyageurs offers a variety of historic sites and cultural landscapes to explore while visiting this unique park.

Experience the park in a different way. Enjoy excerpts from the Lac La Pluie Journal, oral histories, and I.W. Steven's diary online.

History & Cultural Research

Cultural resources programs strive to understand, preserve, and provide for the enjoyment of cultural resources. Learn about our program areas, along with links to preservation resources for the National Park Service.

Last updated: April 26, 2018

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Contact Info

Mailing Address:

Voyageurs National Park Headquarters
360 Hwy 11 East

International Falls, MN 56649



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