Buttes and Clinker
One of the most common landforms in the Badlands is the butte (it rhymes with "cute"). A butte is like a small hill. It has steep sides and a flat top. The side which faces south is steeper. The north side gets less sun, so it holds more moisture and can support trees called juniper. All of the extra plants prevent erosion. Their roots hold the dirt together. This creates a very different look on the two sides of the butte! The north side is covered with plants and trees, while the south side is rocky without much plant life.
Buttes form by erosion. Forces like wind and water move materials around. Sometimes you can barely see it, like a piece of sand breaking off a rock. Other times it happens fast, like a mudslide! Many buttes have a hard layer of rock near the top. This layer protects the layers underneath. It is made of sandstone, limestone, or clinker.