in June 1864, Capt. John Means of the U.S. Quartermaster Department chose the sloping ground between the Nashville Pike and the Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad as the site for a national cemetery. In 1865, Chaplain William Earnshaw led the men of the 111th United States Colored Infantry in the effort to move the remains of more than 6,100 Union soldiers into Stones River National Cemetery. Many of those remains arrived by rail at platform built for that purpose. Later the platform became station used by passengers traveling the Nashville, Chattanooga & Saint Louis Railway.
During the decades following the Civil War, the Nashville, Chattanooga and St. Louis Railway was the primary way that people traveled to the Stones River battlefield.
The railroad had a platform at Stones River National Cemetery. It also purchased and cared for property near the Stones River and Redoubt Brannan, one of the interior earthworks of Fortress Rosecrans.
The railway publicized special Civil War tours that included Stones River. In 1906, a monument designed by Major John W. Thomas, the president of the company and former Master of Transportation for the Confederate Army of Tennessee, was erected near the Stones River to commemorate the final attack of the battle.
Last updated: January 4, 2021