Ecosystems

Shenandoah is the largest fully protected area in the mid-Appalachian region and includes 300 square miles of the Blue Ridge Mountains. The Park’s biota and natural features include well-exposed strata of the Appalachians, diverse animal and plant populations and habitats migratory bird stop-over points and forested watersheds that perpetuate numerous streams flowing from uplands to lowlands.

 
A forest with trees and light shining through.

Forests

This seemingly ubiquitous forest, covering 95% of Shenandoah, is an ever evolving ecosystem due to natural and human activity.

A pond in a meadow.

Wetlands

Wetlands, from the well-known Big Meadows to smaller areas along stream banks, support unique flora and fauna in Shenandoah.

A rocky landscape with plants crowding it and a view down a mountain.

Rock Outcrops

Learn about rock outcrops in Shenandoah and the plants and animals that call these unique places home.

Last updated: December 7, 2017

Contact the Park

Mailing Address:

Shenandoah National Park
3655 U.S. Highway 211 East

Luray, VA 22835

Phone:

(540) 999-3500

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