The Beginning of a Permanent European Presence in Northern North America

The winter of 1604-1605 on Saint Croix Island was a cruel one for Pierre Dugua's French expedition. Iced in by freezing temperatures and cut off from fresh water and game, 35 of 79 men died. As spring arrived and native people traded game for bread, the health of those remaining improved. Although the expedition moved on by summer, the beginning of French presence in North America had begun.

Visitors read about the winter of 1604-05 while looking at a bronze statue.
Events of 1604-1605

Discover the events that took place during the short-lived, but historically important, settlement on Saint Croix Island.

Entrance to Saint Croix Island International Historic Site
Virtual Visits

Activities and resources to explore Saint Croix IHS

students sit on the floor of the visitor center in front of a park ranger

Learn about all the park has to offer for students and educators including traveling trunks, student activities, and teacher workshops.

A ranger with a camera
Photos & Multimedia

Explore this special place through Audio, VIdeo, and Photography.

Bronze statue of Passamaquoddy person holding out a basket.

A French version of the website is available.

Last updated: May 25, 2024

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Contact Info

Mailing Address:

PO Box 247
Calais, ME 04619


207 454-3871

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