Started by the Low Moor Coal Company in the late 1890s, Kaymoor One was one of the largest and most productive coal operations in the gorge. From 1900 to 1962, miners produced 16,904,321 tons of coal from Kaymoor One.
Miners came from everywhere to work the mines at Kaymoor - experienced miners from neighboring states, blacks migrating from rural areas in the southeast, and immigrants from southern and eastern European countries.
Kaymoor employed more than 800 workers during peak production. Miners were generally paid bimonthly. In December 1902 Kaymoor paid an average of $30.21 each to 321 workers, of which $19.03 was in cash and $11.58 was in scrip (paper or metal substitutes for money, redeemable only at the company store).
From 1880 to 1910, coal mines claimed thousands of lives. The deadliest year in U.S. coal mining history was 1907, when 3,242 deaths occurred. That year, America's worst mine explosion ever killed 358 miners near Monogah, WV. Kaymoor was spared from explosions. Roof falls, fires, and electrocutions were the chief causes of death in the Kaymoor Mine. To learn more about Kaymoor today, stop by the Canyon Rim Visitor Center.
For more detailed information check out these documents:
Kaymoor can only be accessed by trail. To hike to Kaymoor, check out the hiking information for the Kaymoor Trail.
Last updated: July 30, 2022