American Indian History

Map of Southeastern United States highlighting the Natchez Trace, the Chickasaw Nation, the Choctaw Nation, and the Natchez Nation
Map depicting the Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Natchez nations along the Natchez Trace.

NPS Hadley Exhibit Natchez Trace Parkway Visitor Center

The Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Natchez are some of the most historically significant and influential groups of people to have lived along the Natchez Trace. These American Indian nations were some of the first to establish the Natchez Trace, ushering in an era of trade and travel through this region for centuries. 

Along what is now the Natchez Trace Parkway, the Chickasaw people lived in the northmost region, the Choctaw were in the central area, and the Natchez were the southermost of these three tribes.

The people of the Chickasaw Nation, the Choctaw Nation and the people of the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians are alive and well today. Visit their webpages to learn more about these modern American Indian tribes.


When you visit Natchez, MS you are visiting the heart of the ancient Natchez homelands. This great nation once thrived in this area, traversing the waterways, establishing trade and travel along the Natchez Trace, and excelling in warfare and diplomacy for years.

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5 minutes, 16 seconds

The early Chickasaw people used fire as a tool, but it was also part of their community and spiritual life. This video connects to the stories and use of fire, both historically and by the Natchez Trace Parkway fire managers of the Chickasaw Village Site.


Specific Sites with Information about American Indians

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    Last updated: June 26, 2023

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    Contact Info

    Mailing Address:

    2680 Natchez Trace Parkway
    Tupelo, MS 38804


    800 305-7417
    The Parkway Visitor Center near Tupelo, MS, is open 9am-4:30pm seven days a week. The visitor center is closed Thanksgiving, December 25th and January 1st.

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