Amphibian Checklist

Amphibians of Great Smoky Mountains National Park

You can see where to find many of these amphibians on the Species Mapper.


Order SALIENTIA—Frogs and Toads


  • Anaxyrus americanus americanus—Eastern American toad
  • Anaxyrus fowleri—Fowler’s toad


  • Acris crepitans crepitans—Northern cricket frog
  • Hyla chrysoscelis—Cope’s gray treefrog
  • Hyla cinerea—Green treefrog [not native]
  • Pseudacris crucifer crucifer—Northern spring peeper
  • Pseudacris triseriata—Western chorus frog


  • Gastrophryne carolinensis—Eastern narrow-mouthed toad


  • Scaphiopus holbrooki holbrooki—Eastern spadefoot toad


  • Lithobates catesbeianus—Bullfrog
  • Lithobates clamitans melanota—Green frog
  • Lithobates palustris—Pickerel frog
  • Lithobates sphenocephalus utricularius—Southern leopard frog
  • Lithobates sylvaticus—Wood frog

Order CAUDATA—Salamanders


  • Ambystoma maculatum—Spotted salamander
  • Ambystoma opacum—Marbled salamander
  • Ambystoma talpoideum—Mole salamander


  • Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis—Eastern hellbender


  • Necturus maculosus maculosus—Mudpuppy


  • *Aneides aeneus—Green salamander
  • Desmognathus aeneus—Seepage salamander
  • Desmognathus conanti—Spotted dusky salamander
  • Desmognathus imitator—Imitator salamander
  • Desmognathus marmoratus—Shovelnose salamander
  • Desmognathus monticola—Seal salamander
  • Desmognathus ocoee—Ocoee salamander
  • Desmognathus quadramaculatus—Black-bellied salamander
  • Desmognathus santeetlah—Santeetlah dusky salamander
  • Desmognathus wrighti—Pigmy salamander
  • Eurycea guttolineata—Three-lined salamander
  • Eurycea junaluska—Junaluska salamander
  • Eurycea longicauda—Longtail salamander
  • Eurycea lucifuga—Cave salamander
  • Eurycea wilderae—Blue Ridge two-lined salamander
  • Gyrinophilus porphyriticus danielsi—Blue Ridge spring salamander
  • Hemidactylium scutatum—Four-toed salamander
  • Plethodon glutinosus—Slimy salamander
  • Plethodon jordani—Jordan’s salamander
  • Plethodon metcalfi—Southern gray-cheeked salamander
  • Plethodon serratus—Southern redback salamander
  • Plethodon teyahalee—Southern Appalachian slimy salamander
  • Plethodon ventralis—Southern zigzag salamander
  • Pseudotriton montanus diastictus—Midland mud salamander
  • Pseudotriton ruber schencki—Blackchin red salamander


  • Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens—Red-spotted newt

*Aneides aeneus has been documented in the park’s fauna, but has not been seen in the park for at least 70 years.

Revised 5-98 by Steve Tilley, Smith College; Sandy Echternacht, University of Tennessee; Dana Soehn and Don Defoe, National Park Service


Collins, J.T., A Checklist of North American Native Amphibians and Reptiles

Redmond, W. H., A.C. Echternacht and A.F. Scott. Annotated Checklist and Bibliography of Amphibians and Reptiles of Tennessee (1835 through 1989)

Redmond, W. H. and A.F. Scott. Atlas of Amphibians in Tennessee

The Center for North American Amphibians and Reptiles website.(

Last updated: July 11, 2016

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