People

Coiled basket artifact on blue background.

Hunters and Gatherers

From 7,000 - 500 B.C.E., Archaic hunters and gatherers migrated through the canyons hunting game (bighorn sheep, elk, deer, and pronghorn).

Black and white engraving of men, animals, and two large rock pillars.

Early Explorers

Early explorers encountered unusual terrain and challenges in the Capitol Reef region.

Petroglyphs of human-like figures in red sandstone.

Fremont Culture

Learn about the Fremont Culture, people who lived in modern-day Utah for about one thousand years.

Watercolor painting of red cliffs and snow-covered mountain with blue sky.

Women of Capitol Reef

Women explorers, pioneers, and artists have all played a role in Capitol Reef. Discover their stories!

Photo of old, broken wagon in a field.

Pioneer Settlers

Pioneers and other settlers arrived in the 1800s, settling in what is now the Fruita Rural Historic District.

Black and white photo of a car and a small stone ranger station with giant cliffs above it.

Park Founders

Many people supported Capitol Reef becoming a national monument in 1937.

Kids with shovels near a road.

Future

Help protect and preserve Capitol Reef for future generations.

 

From 7,000 - 500 B.C.E. (Before Common Era), Archaic hunters and gatherers migrated through the canyons hunting game that is common now (bighorn sheep, deer, elk, pronghorn).

From 300 - 1300 C.E. (Common Era), the Fremont Culture began farming corn, beans, and squash. Petroglyphs etched in rock walls and painted pictographs remain as sacred remnants of the ancient Indians' saga.

For hundreds of years, ethnohistoric nomadic groups such as the Ute, Paiute, and Navajo inhabited the area seasonally. Today, thirty-two tribes have an ongoing association with Capitol Reef through current and/or historical traditional uses.

Beginning in 1854, several groups of explorers and surveyors made their way through the area that would become Capitol Reef and the surrounding areas.

Pioneers and other settlers arrived in the 1800s, settling in what is now the Fruita Rural Historic District. They planted and nurtured orchards of apples, pears, and peaches.

In 1937, Capitol Reef was established as a National Monument and a new chapter began in the history of Capitol Reef with the park founders.

Throughout, women have played an important role in the story of Capitol Reef.

Learn more about the people that shaped Capitol Reef by beginning a timeline tour here.

Last updated: October 9, 2019

Contact the Park

Mailing Address:

HC 70, Box 15
Torrey, UT 84775

Phone:

435-425-3791

Contact Us