On August 9, 1877 gun shots shattered a chilly dawn on a sleeping camp of Nez Perce. By the time the smoke cleared on August 10, almost 90 Nez Perce were dead along with 31 soldiers and volunteers. Big Hole National Battlefield was created to honor all who were there.
National Recreation Area
Fort Smith, MT,WY
The vast, wild landscape of Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area offers visitors unparalleled opportunities to immerse themselves in the natural world, and experience the wonders of this extraordinary place. With over 120,000 acres, one can find an astounding diversity in ecosystems, wildlife, and more than 10,000 years of human history to explore. ..
National Historic Site
Two States: MT,ND
Between 1828 and 1867, Fort Union was the most important fur trade post on the Upper Missouri River. Here, the Assiniboine and six other Northern Plains Indian Tribes exchanged buffalo robes and smaller furs for goods from around the world, including cloth, guns, blankets, and beads. A bastion of peaceful coexistence, the post annually traded over 25,000 buffalo robes and $100,000 in merchandise.
Northwest Montana, MT
Come and experience Glacier's pristine forests, alpine meadows, rugged mountains, and spectacular lakes. With over 700 miles of trails, Glacier is a hiker's paradise for adventurous visitors seeking wilderness and solitude. Relive the days of old through historic chalets, lodges, transportation, and stories of Native Americans. Explore Glacier National Park and discover what awaits you.
National Historic Site
Deer Lodge, MT
Wide open spaces, the hard-working cowboy, his spirited cow pony, and vast herds of cattle are among the strongest symbols of the American West. Once the headquarters of a 10 million acre cattle empire, Grant-Kohrs Ranch National Historic Site preserves these symbols and commemorates the role of cattlemen in American history.
National Historic Trail
Eleven States: ID,IL,IA,KS,MO,MT,NE,ND,OR,SD,WA
Between May 1804 and September 1806, 31 men, one woman, and a baby traveled from the plains of the Midwest to the shores of the Pacific Ocean. They called themselves the Corps of Discovery. In their search for a water route to the Pacific Ocean, they opened a window into the west for the young United States.
Crow Agency, MT
This area memorializes the U.S. Army's 7th Cavalry and the Sioux and Cheyenne in one of the Indian's last armed efforts to preserve their way of life. Here on June 25 and 26 of 1876, 263 soldiers, including Lt. Col. George A. Custer and attached personnel of the U.S. Army, died fighting several thousand Lakota, and Cheyenne warriors.
National Historical Park
four states, ID,MT,OR,WA
Established in 1965 to tell the story of the Nez Perce (Nimiipuu) people. Spread out over four states, following the route of the 1877 conflict, this park offers something for everyone. The history and culture of the Nez Perce surrounds the park. Discover how the Nimiipuu adapted and today thrive continuing to preserve their culture.
Yellowstone National Park, ID,MT,WY
It's Wonderland. Old Faithful and the majority of the world's geysers are preserved here. They are the main reason the park was established in 1872 as America's first national park—an idea that spread worldwide. A mountain wilderness, home to grizzly bears, wolves, and herds of bison and elk, the park is the core of one of the last, nearly intact ecosystems in the Earth’s temperate zone.
By The Numbers
- 8 national parks
- 4,590,398 visitors to national parks
- $432,100,000 economic benefit from national park tourism »
- 1,139 National Register of Historic Places listings »
- $62,703,017 of rehabilitation projects stimulated by tax incentives (since 1995) »
- 75,975 hours donated by volunteers »
- 10 National Natural Landmarks »
- 26 National Historic Landmarks »
- $38,847,581 in Land & Water Conservation Fund grants (since 1965) »
- 120 acres transferred by Federal Lands to Parks for local parks and recreation (since 1948) »
- $26,348,573 in historic preservation grants (since 1969) »
- 32 community conservation and recreation projects (since 1987) »
- 2 World Heritage Sites »
- 465 places recorded by heritage documentation programs »
- 1,182,737 objects in national park museum collections »
- 7 threatened and endangered species in national parks »
- 1,026 archeological sites in national parks »
- 17 Certified Local Governments »
- 2 Teaching with Historic Places lesson plans »
- 6 Discover Our Shared Heritage travel itineraries »
- Download the summary »
These numbers are just a sample of the National Park Service's work. Figures are for the fiscal year that ended 9/30/14.