Burro Wash, Cottonwood Wash and Sheets Gulch Slot Canyons
General description: These are classic examples of "slot canyons" which so typify the canyon country of southern Utah; deep, narrow secret places within the Waterpocket Fold. The routes are largely unmarked. A few rock cairns may mark key points; carrying a topographic map is recommended. It is extremely hot in summer and water sources are unreliable; carry adequate water. Use caution in narrow canyons during flash flood season (typically July-September).
All three canyons are difficult hikes and only experienced canyon country hikers should attempt these routes. All contain obstacles in the form of dry falls and chock stones (large boulders wedged in narrow slots) which must be climbed over. The canyons are extremely narrow in places; most people will have to work their way through sideways. Often there are pools of water that may require deep wading or short swims.
Beginning at the Notom-Bullfrog Road, Burro Wash (8 mile or 12.9 km round trip) and Cottonwood Wash (6 mile or 9.7 km round trip) can be done as long day hikes. Sheets Gulch can be done as a long day hike or an overnight, depending on where you turn around. (One-way mileage to Tantalus Flat is 9 miles or 14.5 km) Backcountry permits are required for all overnight trips and can be obtained at the visitor center.
Location of trailheads: All three canyons are located within a few miles of each other and can be accessed from the Notom-Bullfrog Road; which is paved past Cottonwood Wash and usually passable to passenger cars. Each route begins where the wash crosses the road; all crossings are marked with signs. There are no developed trailhead parking areas; park along the edge of the road out of the bottom of the wash. Do not drive up the washbed. The first few miles cross B.L.M. lands along sandy wash bottoms surrounded by low hills. The narrows will begin abruptly 0.25-0.75 miles (0.4-1.2 km) further up the washes where the canyons cut into the steep east flank of the Fold.
The upper end of Sheets Gulch can be accessed via the South Draw Road at Tantalus Flat. The South Draw Road begins on the Pleasant Creek Road at the end of the park's Scenic Drive, and requires a high clearance 4-wheel drive vehicle.
Maps: USGS 7.5 Minute Series: Notom, Golden Throne, Bear Canyon, and Sandy Creek Benches. Available at the visitor center.
Best seasons for hikes: Spring and fall.
For more information: Contact Capitol Reef National Park (435) 425-4111.
Burro Wash is located 7.8 miles (12.6 km) south of Hwy 24 on the Notom-Bullfrog Road. As you proceed up the wash (west), always take the left branch at wash junctions. Approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) in from the Notom-Bullfrog Road, the canyon begins to narrow as it cuts into the Navajo Sandstone. Soon you will encounter a narrow sandy wash on the right. Proceed up this wash to a large chock stone, which may be preceded by a pool of water. You can bypass this obstacle by backtracking 20 yards (18 m) to a slickrock slide on the south side of the canyon. A route leads from the right side of the slide, around the ridge over the chock stone and down into the wash on the other side. As you proceed up canyon you will encounter several more chock stones that require some climbing to negotiate, and two sets of narrows that are just wide enough to squeeze through. About 3 miles (4.8 km) in from the trailhead is a large chamber with an impassable pour off. You can bypass this obstacle by backtracking a couple hundred yards through the last section of narrows and then friction climbing up the steeply sloping canyon wall on the right (north). A few rock cairns may mark the route. At the top, descend back down into the wash above the pour off. The route continues another mile (1.6 km), traversing several short sections of narrows, and eventually ends at a sculptured, fluted pour off which will be impassable to most. To return to the trailhead, simply retrace the route back down the canyon. Note: Continuing up canyon requires technical rock climbing equipment and expertise, and route finding skills. For those with such capabilities, the canyon continues several more miles and will eventually come out on the South Draw Road. (See note above under location of trailheads.)
Cottonwood Wash is located 9.1 miles (14.6 km) south of Hwy 24 on the Notom-Bullfrog Road. About one mile (1.6 km) up the wash (west) from the trailhead, a side canyon enters from the right (north) and could be mistaken for the main drainage; stay left. A few hundred yards further, the main canyon narrows and a 0.25 mile (0.4 km) long stretch begins that is choked with large boulders and requires scrambling to negotiate. After another 0.3 mile (0.5 km), another side drainage enters from the left (south); stay right. Shortly beyond this point, the canyon abruptly narrows to a thin slot. A deep pool of water is often found here and deep wading or swimming may be required to continue up canyon. The canyon alternates between tight narrows and more open areas with a number of chock stones that must be negotiated and possibly more pools of water for the next mile. An impassable 35-foot (10.7 m) pour off blocks the canyon at the end of this stretch of narrows (about 3 miles or 4.8 km in from the road), and marks the end of the route. To return to the trailhead, simply retrace the route back down the canyon.
Sheets Gulch is located 13.3 miles (21.4 km) south of Hwy 24 on the Notom-Bullfrog Road. One mile up the wash (west) you will encounter a major side drainage on the right (north); stay left. A short distance further up canyon another drainage enters; stay right at this junction. One mile (1.6 km) further, the wash bottom narrows and you may find a few pools of water associated with several small dry falls. The most difficult obstacle along the route, another dry fall and pool, is encountered 3.5 miles (5.6 km) from the road. A good climber will be able to negotiate this alone, but most people will need assistance from another person. The last obstacle is 4.5 miles (7.2 km) from the trailhead. Here you will encounter a high pour off in a cave-like chamber; bypass this by backtracking about 100 yards (91 m) and climbing out of the wash on the right (north) side of the canyon. Beyond this point, numerous stands of Douglas Fir begin to appear on cool, shaded north slopes, and the canyon walls begin to change from the white Navajo to the red Wingate. Six miles (9.7 km) in from the trailhead there is an intermittent seep with cottonwood trees. Soon, the canyon opens up and becomes much wider. This point constitutes a full day for most people and is a good place to turn around. To return to the trailhead, simply retrace the route back down the canyon.
If you left a second vehicle at Tantalus Flat, or if you are on an overnight trip (backcountry permit required), it is possible to continue up canyon for several more miles. Eventually, an old jeep trail will lead you out of Sheets Gulch to Tantalus Flat. If you left a vehicle at Tantalus Flat, your hike will end here. If your vehicle is on the Notom-Bullfrog Road, return to the trailhead by retracing the same route back down the canyon (9 miles or 14.5 km).
A trail guide in PDF format is available here.
Did You Know?
Geologist G.K. Gilbert, a member of John Wesley Powell's scientific team, surveyed the Capitol Reef area in 1875. Gilbert mapped a fault line adjacent to Chimney Rock along Utah Highway 24, and a copy of his field sketch is incorporated into the park’s Junior Geologist program. More...