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How many of us have dreamt we were flying? Our arms became wings as we sailed over wispy clouds with acres of farmlands below, or we skimmed over razor edged granitic mountains laden with fresh spring snows. Imagine, then, that our perfectly designed wings would lift our hollow-boned frames up and through the atmosphere. Year after year, as the season's changing light urged us to follow an ancient route from home to home, we raised our young in a place ripe with nature's abundant crops. As birds, especially those that migrate, our hard-wired expectations sent us to stable habitats. When minor changes occurred, we adapted, slowly. Adaptation is part of survival. But if changes are abrupt, then what do we do? Where do we go?
These swift changes affected a species of bird that seemed impervious to defeat. Traveling over 15,000 migration miles in a single year, it is considered to be the fastest animal on earth, stooping toward its prey at between 100 to 200 mph. It hunts and mates on the wing, rarely needing to come down to earth to perform the simplest tasks. Nests are scraped into nooks of sandstone cliffs hundreds of feet high. Only by rock climbing, canyoneering, or high powered scope could one get a glimpse of the private rituals of the "wandering" avian family.
The word peregrine means wanderer. 1970 was the year this graceful falcon was almost gone - only 39 breeding pairs remained in the lower 48 states. All were extirpated in the eastern US and between 80 to 90 percent were dead in the west. In 1962, after the release of an electrifying book which proved beyond a doubt that decades of use of pesticides led to the peregrine falcon's sharp decline, the world was awakened to a chemical disaster. Silent Spring by Rachel Carson clearly explained the scientific reasons behind the causes of dwindling numbers of animals and their effects on the food chain. This publication launched the modern environmental movement. DDT (the chemical primarily responsible for the falcon's downfall) was banned in the US, and with the help of Dr. Tom Cade of Cornell University, 1970 ushered in one of the most successful recovery efforts ever undertaken. The goal: bring back the peregrine falcon from the brink of extinction. Now over 4,000 breeding pairs of falcons fly once more, their bodies no longer full of pesticides. Wild-born chicks hatch from shells strong with calcium, not fragile from its absence due to the compromising nature of DDT. Dr. Tom's organization, The Peregrine Fund, also helps the California condor, the bald eagle, and many others.