Superintendent's Compendium

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The Superintendent’s Compendium is the summary of park specific rules implemented under Title 36 Code of Federal Regulations (36 CFR). It serves as public notice, identifies areas closed for public use, provides a list of activities requiring a special use permit or reservation, and elaborates on public use and resource protection regulations pertaining specifically to the administration of Yellowstone National Park.
 

In accordance with regulations and the delegated authority provided in Title 36, Code of Federal Regulations (“36 CFR”), Chapter 1, Parts 1-7, authorized by Title 16 United States Code, section 3, the following provisions apply to all lands and waters administered by the National Park Service, within the boundaries of Yellowstone National Park. Unless otherwise stated, these regulatory provisions apply in addition to the requirements contained in 36 CFR, Chapter 1, Parts 1-7.

Introduction

The purpose of the compendium is to provide the public and park employees with a document that lists the special designations, closures, public use limits, permit requirements and other restrictions imposed under the discretionary authority of the Superintendent. The Superintendent’s authority to implement these provisions is found in Title 36, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), § 1.5(a). The compendium is available to the public upon request. The compendium will be reviewed and updated annually or as needed to ensure adequate protection of the park’s resources, provide for public safety and enjoyment and to address changes in public use patterns.

The provisions found in this compendium constitute only one of many tools designed to manage and protect Yellowstone National Park. It is important to utilize this document in conjunction with Title 36, Code of Federal Regulations, which includes the full text of National Park Service regulations, including those authorizing the provisions outlined in this compendium. Chapter I, Parts 1-7, of Title 36, include sections addressing resource protection, public use, recreation, boating, vehicles and traffic safety, commercial operations, and special regulations. These regulations are applicable on all federally owned lands and waters within the boundaries of Yellowstone National Park and on lands and waters under the administrative control of the National Park Service. In addition, certain regulations found within Title 36 are applicable on non-federally owned lands under the legislative jurisdiction of the United States. Interested parties may also wish to review Yellowstone National Park planning documents including the General Management Plan, Resource Management Plan, and Commercial Services Plan.

Fines and mandatory court appearances (M/A) for violations of the regulations set forth in the Superintendent’s Compendium for Yellowstone National Park are set by the U.S District Court. For a list of fines and M/A’s refer to the Yellowstone National Park Bond Schedule.

It is the intent of this compendium, in conjunction with park brochures, maps, signs and other media, to help provide the public and park employees with a clear understanding of park rules and regulations. Any questions or requests for additional information should be addressed to the Superintendent’s Office. We welcome your comments and suggestions.

36 CFR Part 1: General Provisions

36 CFR § 1.2: Applicability and Scope

36 CFR § 1.4: Definitions

Administrative travel
Travel in vehicles (wheeled or over snow) owned, leased and/or operated by the National Park Service (NPS), NPS Partners, NPS authorized concessioners and contractors, and those privately owned/leased by NPS, concessioner, and contractor employees living in the interior. This travel is permitted to ensure protection of park resources, provide visitor services, ensure visitor and employee safety, maintain assets or provide “outside” access for those who live and work in the interior of YNP.

Bear Spray
Also known as bear deterrent, bear repellent, bear pepper spray or bear spray. Bear spray is a chemical formula designed specifically to deter aggressive or attacking bears. It must be registered with the Environmental Protection Agency and individual states. It must be commercially manufactured and labeled as “Bear Spray”. Bear spray must contain between 1% to 2% of the active ingredients capsaicin and related capsaicinoids.

Bear resistant food container (BRFC)
An item constructed of a solid, non-pliable material to prevent access by a bear. BRFCs allowed include personal backpacking canisters, stock panniers and coolers approved and listed by the Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee (http://www.igbconline.org/html/safety.html). Items or methods are approved by the Superintendent.

Boiling River
That section of the Gardner River where any waters associated with, or originating from the Boiling River thermal system enter the watercourse.

Catch and release
All fish caught shall be carefully and immediately returned to the water from which they were taken.

Class A Campground
Campground with flush toilets and running water.

Class B Campground
Campground with vault toilets and/or water pumps.

Coggins Test
Blood test which identifies Equine Infectious Anemia which is caused by a viral infection that affects the immune system of equine species. Equine species are horses, burros and mules but not llamas.

Core camp
That area of a designated campsite within a 100-foot radius of the fire ring, or when no fire ring exists, that area within a 100-foot radius of the cooking area.

Drainage
The area drained by a river and its connecting tributaries and lakes.

Dropper or drop fly
A second fly attached to a leader.

Drug free school zone
That area within a radius of 1,000 feet of the Snoopy School/Mammoth Community Center, the Mammoth Little People's Learning Center and the NPS lands adjacent to the Gardiner public school. (21 USC 860)

Fly fishing
Only artificial flies may be used to attract and catch fish, regardless of the type of rod or line.

Firehole Swim Area
That section of the Firehole River that is designated by signage as the ‘swim area’. The swim area, located 2 miles south of Madison Junction on the Firehole Canyon Drive, generally begins at the narrow rapids between the cliffs on the upper end and ends where the large flat section of river becomes narrow again – approximately 250 yards below the rapids.

Geothermal area
Any area where surface manifestations of hot springs, geysers, mud springs, fumaroles or warm ground are present.

Lead fishing tackle
Prohibited: Leaded split-shot sinkers, weighted jigs (lead molded to a hook) and soft lead-weighted ribbon. Permitted: Lures containing lead such as rooster tails and Panther Martins, cannonballs or downriggers and flies with lead tied to their bodies.

Learner or Instruction Driver’s Permit
License or permit secured by a person from their State motor vehicle division that grants the privilege to drive or operate a motor vehicle on the public roadways of the State. Licenses with conditions or provisions requiring operator to be supervised are not valid for snowmobile operation.

Madison Campground Thermal Area
The stream and several geothermal features in and along the banks and bed of the secondary channel of the Madison River adjacent to H loop of the campground.

Multipurpose Vehicle
A motor vehicle that is:

  1. Designed to travel on at least 4 wheels in contact with the ground
  2. Has an empty weight of at least 300 pounds, but less than 3,000 pounds
  3. Has an upright seat or saddle for the driver which is mounted at least 24 inches from the ground
  4. Has an identifying number as defined by W.S. 31-1-101(a)(ix)

Pack animals
Horses, burros, mules, ponies and llamas only.

Tributary
Any stream which flows into a river or lake.

Unmanned Aircraft
The term "unmanned aircraft" means a device that is used or intended to be used for flight in the air without the possibility of direct human intervention from within or on the device, and the associated operational elements and components that are required for the pilot or system operator in command to operate or control the device (such as cameras, sensors, communication links). This term includes all types of devices that meet this definition (e.g., model airplanes, quadcopters, drones) that are used for any purpose, including for recreation or commerce.

Upgrading
The practice of substituting captured fish for fish in possession; usually to keep larger or different fish species.

36 CFR § 1.5: Closures and Public Use Limits

General

(1) The Superintendent may temporarily close park roadways, parking areas, facilities, waters, and all or portions of the park when such actions are deemed necessary to ensure public safety, protection of resources, or the avoidance of visitor use conflicts. The posting of signs, maps, media announcements, and the use of barricades and/or gates will identify such closures.

Consistent with applicable legislation and Federal administrative polices, the Superintendent has established the following rules, designations, conditions and restrictions on the following park activities; 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2):

The Superintendent has determined that use of this discretionary authority is necessary for resource protection and public safety.

Anchoring restrictions in Yellowstone Lake adjacent to Bridge Bay Meadows

(2) Anchoring to the Yellowstone Lake bottom within 300 yards of the shoreline between Bridge Bay Lagoon channel and the Lake Hotel is prohibited. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has this use restriction is necessary to protect resources, including maintaining an unimpaired view shed.

Bear Spray

(3) Bear spray may be carried by individuals within Yellowstone National Park for the strict purpose of protecting one’s self or others from bodily harm against aggressive wildlife. It should not be applied to people, tents, packs, other equipment or surrounding area as a repellent. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that the use of Bear Spray in a manner consistent with IGBC recommendation is appropriate as a deterrent to negative human/bear encounters.

Bicycle Routes, designated

(4) Designated bicycle routes include: 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

Mammoth area:

  • The abandoned railroad bed paralleling the Yellowstone River between Gardiner & the park boundary at Reese Creek. (5 miles)
  • Golden Gate service road between Golden Gate and Joffe Lake. (1.5 miles)
  • Mammoth service road beginning at the top of the hill on the Old Gardiner Road above Mammoth running northwest to the telephone microwave station. (1.5 miles)
  • The Old Gardiner road (5 miles)
  • The foot trail paralleling the east side of the Grand Loop road, beginning in front of the Mammoth Restroom and running south to the YCC camp road.
  • The Bunsen Peak road. (6 miles) g. Swan Lake gravel pit road, six miles south of Mammoth. (1 mile)
  • Obsidian creek campground road, adjacent to the entrance to the Indian Creek campground. (0.4 mile)

Old Faithful area:

  • Lone Star Geyser road from the Grand Loop Road to the geyser parking lot turnaround. (2 miles)
  • The paved trail beginning in front of the Lower General Store to Morning Glory pool. (1 mile)
  • The lighted employee trail from Bitterroot dorm to the Fire Road. (0.4 miles)
  • Daisy Geyser cut-off to Biscuit Basin (abandoned service road). (1.4 miles)
  • Fountain Freight road. (3.5 miles)

Lake area:

  • Natural Bridge road near Bridge Bay. (1 mile)
  • The old roadbed between the Lake fish hatchery building and the transfer station. (1 mile)

Tower-Lamar areas:

  • Mount Washburn service road, from the Chittenden Road parking lot to the summit of Mt. Washburn. (3 miles)

West Entrance area:

  • Riverside trail from entrance area to Barns road. (1.4 miles)

Spring/Fall Bicycle Routes

Public day use bicycling may occur, as conditions allow, on the following sections of the Grand Loop Road which may be open after the November wheeled vehicle closure, and prior to the April wheeled vehicle road opening in conjunction with administrative vehicular travel:

  • Mammoth Hot Springs to West Yellowstone
  • Snake River Entrance Station to West Thumb Junction
  • East Entrance to the east end of Sylvan Pass (6 mile corner)
  • Fall ONLY: Tower Junction to the Chittenden Road as conditions allow.
  • Spring ONLY: The roadway south of Tower Fall (Dunraven Pass) beginning the second Friday in May.
  • Fall ONLY: Madison Junction to Old Faithful 36 CFR 1.5 (a)(1)

The Superintendent has determined that these public bicycling restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

Boiling River

The following are prohibited:

(5) Swimming, wading, bathing, soaking, or in any way entering the Gardner River in the area defined as the Boiling River area except during times that the area is posted as open. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(6) Swimming, wading, bathing, soaking or in any way entering or placing objects in the Boiling River Thermal Channel prior to its confluence with the Gardner River. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(7) Use of soap, shampoo, conditioner or any other substance while bathing, soaking, etc., regardless of “biodegradable” status of the substance. The use of sunscreen is permitted. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(8) Leaving the designated trail system in the vicinity of the Boiling River area, where fencing and signage prohibit such travel. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these restrictions are necessary to protect the resource and enhance public safety.

Bridge Bay Marina Channel

(9) Swimming in the marina entrance channel is prohibited. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that this use prohibition is necessary for public and boating safety.

Bridge Jumping Closure

(10) Jumping, diving, or rappelling off of any bridge structure in the park is prohibited. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that this prohibition is necessary for public and traffic safety.

Closed waters for motorized vessels

(11) Operating any motor vessel (gas or electric) on waters restricted to non-motorized use only is prohibited unless the motor is tipped out of the water or removed from the transom. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that this use restriction is necessary in order to ensure wilderness character and values.

Commercial Vehicle Travel Restrictions

(12) Commercial motor vehicle permits – Authorization (through the Visitor Services Office) is required for vehicles exceeding the statutory size and weight limits (wider than 8’6” or longer than 75’). Also see compendium # 67. The special requirements shall not apply to the transportation of asphalt products required to repair or maintain roads within Yellowstone National Park. 36 CFR § 1.5 (d)

(13) Authorized oversize and overweight vehicles must travel between 9:00 p.m. and 9:00 a.m., from the Friday before Memorial Day through September 15th. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(14) The authorized transportation of combustible or flammable petroleum products in vehicles not exceeding the following size will be allowed between 9:00 p.m. and 12:00 p.m., Memorial Day through September 15th: Length-30'; width-8'6"; height-13'6"; gross weight- 80,000 pounds. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(15) Authorized vehicles transporting combustible or flammable petroleum products exceeding the above dimensions are required to travel between 9:00 p.m. and 9:00 a.m. Memorial Day through September 15th. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that this use restriction and permit requirement is necessary for public and traffic safety.

Disturbing Wildlife

The following are prohibited:

(16) Willfully approaching, remaining, viewing, or engaging in any activity within 100 yards of bears or wolves, or within 25 yards of any other wildlife including nesting birds, or within any distance that disturbs, displaces, or otherwise interferes with the free unimpeded movement of wildlife, or creates or contributes to a potentially hazardous condition or situation. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(17) Failure to remove one’s self to prescribed distances during inadvertent, accidental, casual or surprise encounters with wildlife. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(18) Failure to comply as directed by NPS staff (employees, volunteers, or agents) engaged in administering wildlife management operations or managing wildlife viewing opportunities. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(19) The prohibitions in this paragraph do not apply to persons who are in compliance with written protocol approved by the Superintendent; in accordance with the terms and conditions of a permit from the Superintendent, or park personnel acting within the scope of approved management activities. 36 CFR 1.5(a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these public use restrictions and requirements are necessary to maximize public safety; protect wildlife; and provide park staff with the flexibility to situationally manage dynamic, diverse and rapidly evolving wildlife viewing opportunities.

Firearms Range Use Limits

(20) The NPS Firearms Ranges are closed to public use. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that this closure is necessary for resource protection and public and employee safety.

Firehole Swim Area

The following are prohibited:

(21) Swimming, wading, bathing, soaking, or in any way entering (to include fishing)the Firehole River in the area defined as the Firehole Swim Area except during times that the area is posted as open. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(22) Climbing, diving or jumping from the cliffs or from trees in the area known as the Firehole Swimming Area is prohibited. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(23) Possession of glass beverage containers in the Firehole swim area. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(24) Use of soap, shampoo, conditioner or any other substance while swimming, bathing, soaking, etc. regardless of “biodegradable” status of the substance. The use of sunscreen is permitted. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(25) Use of floatation devices such as inflatable rafts and tubes, noodles, pool floats, or other water vessel in the area known as the Firehole swim area. Life jackets are recommended. “Water wings” are allowed. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(26) Leaving the designated trail system in the vicinity of the Firehole Swim Area, where fencing and signage prohibit such travel. 36CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

Food in Thermal Areas

(27) The possession or use of food and beverages, except when contained in a pack-like container for carrying purposes, is prohibited in all geothermal areas. Water is not considered a beverage. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that this restriction is necessary to protect and prevent impact to geothermal resources.

Frank Island and Stevenson Island Closure

(28) Frank Island (except the picnic area on the south point) and the south end of Stevenson Island are closed to public use between May 15 and August 15. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

Grand Canyon Off Trail Use

(29) The Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone is closed to off-trail travel, including climbing, between the Chittenden Bridge and Silver Cord Cascade. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that this closure is necessary for public safety and protection of resources including view sheds.

Gyroscopically controlled mobility devices

(30) The use of Segways or similar gyroscopically controlled devices in lieu of manual or motorized wheelchairs is allowed by persons with disabilities who would otherwise only have the option of using a manual or powered wheelchair with the following restrictions:

  • A person using a Segway or similar gyroscopically controlled device in Yellowstone National Park would be medically determined to have a permanent disability that severely limits one or more major life functions. A permanent disability is a permanent physical, mental, or sensory impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, such as caring for oneself, performing manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, learning, and working.
  • Persons claiming disability will show proof of medically determined permanent disability or eligibility for receiving benefits under federal law following the guidelines in effect for obtaining an America the Beautiful – Access Pass, e.g: a statement by a licensed physician; a document issued by a Federal agency such as Veterans Administration; Social Security Disability Income; Supplemental Security Income; or a document by a state agency such as a vocational rehabilitation agency.
  • Segways may be used in front country areas on sidewalks, formalized paved overlooks, and campgrounds, although terrain may limit their success.
  • Segways may not be operated along the edges of major roads, or used on major roads (due to congestion, visibility and speeds of vehicles operating in these areas) or on park boardwalks (due to the proximity to thermal features and the hazards associated with these areas.)
  • Segways may not be operated at speeds greater than 2-3 mph, the equivalent of a walking pedestrian. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use conditions are necessary to ensure public safety and the safety of ADA defined users.

Introduction of non native or invasive species

(31) It is illegal to knowingly transport on park roads/trails or introduce any non-native or invasive species by angling equipment, or to launch a vessel or trailer in park waters with these species attached. Non-native or invasive species may include aquatic plants, animals and micro-organisms. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that this prohibition and use restriction is necessary to protect park aquatic resources.

Boat landing areas, prohibited

(32) Within 25 feet of any geothermal area. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(33) On the shoreline of Yellowstone Lake between Little Thumb Creek and the south end of the West Thumb geothermal area. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(34) At sensitive wildlife areas as designated by signs or as posted on maps in visitor use areas. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

Firehole River Closure

(35) The Firehole River is closed to swimming, bathing and fishing 200 yards upstream and 200 yards downstream from the bridge connecting Midway Geyser Basin and the adjacent parking area. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(36) The Firehole River is closed to swimming and bathing from the road bridge ½ mile upstream of Old Faithful Geyser to the road bridge at Biscuit Basin. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

Obsidian Cliff

(37) Entering, climbing, walking, accessing or collecting archaeological or mineral samples, specimens, or materials in the Obsidian Cliff area is prohibited. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that this area closure is required to protect this sensitive cultural and geologic resource.

Multipurpose Vehicles

(38) The operation of Multipurpose Vehicles (MPVs) that are licensed for highway use pursuant to current standards of the Wyoming Department of Transportation, and meet applicable federal motor vehicle safety standards, is allowed within Yellowstone National Park when the park is open to public wheeled motor vehicle traffic, on paved road segments and unpaved access roads to developed front country campgrounds designated for use by wheeled motor vehicles. MPVs are prohibited from being operated on the park portion of US Highway 191(mile post 11-31). In addition to possession of valid registration, operator’s license and proof of insurance, it is the obligation of the operator to provide documentation from the manufacturer that the MPV meets federal motor vehicle safety standards. Typically this can be confirmed by manufacturer stickers on the vehicle; text in the owner’s manual or by checking tires for “Not for Highway Use” text. MPVs will be subject to payment of the single motor vehicle entrance fee. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that this mode of transportation is permissible as a matter of visitor personal choice, assuming standards outlined in #40 are met.

(39) MPVs may be allowed for administrative purposes, such as fire control, search and rescue, law enforcement, resource management activities, power line maintenance, campground management and snow removal from residential driveways and sidewalks when approved by the Superintendent. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that administrative use of MPVs is allowed pursuant to demonstrated operational need, and adherence to Departmental, Agency and park policy governing MPV use and standards.

Unmanned Aircraft

(40) Launching, landing, or operating an unmanned aircraft from or on lands and waters administered by the National Park Service within the boundaries of Yellowstone National Park is prohibited except as approved in writing by the Superintendent.

The Superintendent has determined that unmanaged or unrestricted recreational use of UAs within Yellowstone National Park will conflict with, or impact, a variety of park uses including visitor experience of unimpaired view sheds; the disturbance, displacement or harassment of park wildlife to include threatened and endangered species present potential for impacts or damage to sensitive geothermal areas; creation of public safety hazards per operation near roadways or large aggregations of visitors, and visual or aural impacts to wilderness character and values within the park backcountry. Less restrictive measures were not considered sufficient due to the rapidly expanding and evolving use of UAs throughout the world. Section 1.5 of NPS Management Policies 2006 provide that a new form of park use may be allowed within a park only after a determination has been made by the park Superintendent that it will not result in unacceptable impacts on park resources and values.

Official Use in Closed Areas

(41) Areas closed to the general public because of resource management or research activities may be entered by persons or groups led by authorized park employees or park agents, as approved by the Chief Ranger, if such entry and use does not compromise safety, environmental, scenic, natural or cultural values. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that such administrative use discretion is necessary for effective resource protection, educational and research purposes.

Pets Prohibited in Nondeveloped Areas, Boardwalks and Trails

(42) Pets, including dogs, cats and other domesticated or agricultural animals are prohibited in non-developed areas, boardwalks and trails. The prohibitions in this paragraph do not apply to animals such as service animals, riding stock or pack animals, persons in compliance with written protocol approved by the Superintendent or in accordance with a permit from the Superintendent. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that this restriction is necessary to ensure resource protection, pet well being and public safety.

Quiet Hours

(43) Quiet hours in all campgrounds, backcountry campsites, developed areas and parking areas (including cabin, hotel and employee areas) are from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m. Quiet hours for the use of generators (allowed only in Mammoth, Canyon, Fishing Bridge, Bridge Bay, Grant Village and Madison campgrounds), are from 8:00 p.m. to 8 a.m. Portable or fixed motors or any type of noise producing machine or activity which creates unusual noise or unreasonably disturbs other visitors or residents is prohibited. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

Road Closures

(44) Service and administrative roads are closed to non-official vehicle use: All service and administrative roads, so designated by signs and/or locked gates, or barricaded with logs and/or boulders. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(45) Wheeled Buses, Trailers, & Recreational Vehicles are prohibited from Firehole Canyon Drive. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(46) Vehicles over 6 tons (recreational vehicles, buses, motorhomes) are prohibited on Firehole Lake Drive. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

Federal Highways has placed a 6 ton weight limit on the bridge at Firehole Lake, so the Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection

Winter season road closures and restrictions

The following roads are closed seasonally to vehicles. Actual closure dates will depend on weather and road conditions:

(47) Between the first Monday in November and spring road opening(s) in April and May, the Grand Loop Road is closed to public wheeled vehicle traffic. The portion of the Grand Loop road from Mammoth Hot Springs to the Tower Junction and the Northeast Entrance road to Cooke City remain open to wheeled vehicle traffic year round as weather and conditions permit. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety.

(48) During the winter use season park roads open to over snow vehicles will be closed to all commercial traffic between 9 p.m. and 7 a.m. except pursuant to a special use permit issued by the Superintendent or his/her representative. Administrative travel necessary for park operations is excepted. Opening and closing dates for the winter use season are set annually. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection to include soundscapes and air quality.

(49) The Firehole Canyon Drive is open to snowmobiles and Long -track Snowcoaches for SOUTHBOUND travel only from 7 am to 12 noon; and to snowcoaches for NORTHBOUND travel only from 1 pm to 6 pm. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(50) Permitted operators may be required to delay or cancel trips into YNP if the NPS determines that park roads are unsafe or unsuitable for access by oversnow vehicles. Roads may close on short notice if unsafe conditions exist. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection to include soundscapes and air quality.

SCUBA

(51) SCUBA diving or snorkeling is prohibited in the Yellowstone River from the Yellowstone Lake outlet downstream for one mile. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection, specifically aquatic resources.

Speed Limits on Lakes

(52) Maximum speed limit for all vessels on lakes open to motorized boating is 45 mph or as otherwise posted by markers or as specified in boat permit rules. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

Stephens Creek Administrative Facility

(53) The area called the Stephens Creek Administrative Facility, as comprised by the Stephens Creek Access Road, the Stephens Creek corral and barn facilities, the Stephens Creek firearms range, and the surrounding terrain 25 to 50 yards around these facilities as marked by National Park Service closure signs, is closed to public use. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that this closure is necessary for resource protection and public and employee safety.

Sylvan Pass Avalanche Area Restrictions

(54) Entering the Sylvan Pass avalanche control area is prohibited:

  • The Sylvan Pass avalanche control area is the south aspect of Hoyt Peak extending from a point one half of a mile east of the Avalanche Peak Trailhead to a point 1.6 miles east of the Avalanche Peak Trailhead
  • Entering the Sylvan Pass howitzer platform and access road is prohibited.
  • Stopping or parking vehicles within the closure areas is prohibited. Specific closed areas are designated by on-site signs, and maps at the East Entrance and Lake Ranger Stations, Appendix B of the Yellowstone National Park Avalanche Control Plan, and the Chief Rangers Office. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection

Telemetry

(55) The possession or use of any radio electronic signal receiving device set at, or capable of being set at, the frequencies assigned to the National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Interagency Bear Management Team, or any other permitted wildlife research operation within the exterior boundaries of Yellowstone National Park for the purpose of tracking or monitoring the location or travel routes of wildlife equipped with radio transmission collars or tracking devices is prohibited. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

Vessel Size Limits

(56) No vessel 40 feet or more in length shall be placed in or operated upon waters within the park. This paragraph shall not apply to permitted concession operated or sightseeing vessels. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2), 36 CFR § 3.6 (l)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection to include water quality and fisheries.

Vessel Storage

(57) Persons authorized to live in the park during the non-boating season may store vessels and related equipment at locations designated by the Superintendent. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

Wildlife Management Area Closures

(58) Visitor use may be limited in areas and on trails identified by on-site signs and/or by maps posted in the Superintendent's office. Area use may be adjusted seasonally and at varying restrictive levels depending on wildlife activity, available food, and/or park management operational needs. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(59) Grizzly Bear Management: The administrative activities conducted by Yellowstone National Park, or its agents, relative to the management and handling of grizzly bears (Ursus arctos horribilis), and their habitat, will be in accordance with guidelines, procedures, and rules described in the “Final Environmental Impact Statement, Grizzly Bear Management Program”, “Yellowstone National Park Annual Bear Management Plan,” and “Yellowstone National Park Bear Hazing Plan”, and, upon de-listing of the species from Threatened Status by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, in accordance with the “Conservation Strategy for the Grizzly Bear in the Greater Yellowstone Area.” 36 CFR § 1.5(a)(2), 1.7(b), 1.2 (d), and 2.10(d)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(60) Wolf Monitoring, Management, and Information Sharing: The administrative activities conducted by Yellowstone National Park or its agents, relative to the monitoring, management, and information sharing regarding gray wolves, will be in accordance with the guidelines, procedures, and rules described in The Reintroduction of Gray Wolves to Yellowstone National Park and Central Idaho, Final Environmental Impact Statement, the Memorandum of Understanding Between the National Park Service and the Wyoming Game and Fish (June 25, 2004), and the Yellowstone National Park Habituated Wolf Management Plan (September 12, 2003). In addition, wolf monitoring activities will, at a minimum, include:

1) Population Size – Maintain radio collars in all packs so number of YNP packs and individuals can be counted each calendar year.

2) Breeding Pairs - Consistent with the USFWS delisting criteria, assess composition for each YNP pack to determine if an adult male and female wolf with two pups survive until December 31. a) Reproduction – Determine reproduction (pups born/survived) for each pack in YNP/year and assess mortality and cause.

3) Distribution – Through aerial tracking of radio collared wolves, determine the areas and habitats used by wolves in YNP (also see objective #5).

4) Survival – Using standard survival estimates derived from radio collars, determine sex and age specific survival for YNP wolves. Assess mortality cause and identify if management action is necessary (e.g., unnatural mortality). a. Disease – Assess exposure to unnatural diseases (e.g., mange and other introduced canine pathogens) and determine if management action is necessary.

5) Dispersal – Determine trans-boundary movement of individual wolves and packs with the states of Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming. 36 CFR § 1.2 (d)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

Yellowstone River Access

(61) The following closures and use restrictions apply to the portion of Yellowstone National Park contiguous to the Yellowstone River in the north boundary area of park (boundary delineation defined as the average high water mark), beginning at the mouth of the Gardner river and following the park boundary northwest to the boundary corner at the mouth of Reese Creek:

  • Angler access to the river through the park is allowed. No park fishing license required.
  • Pet access to the river in this area is prohibited.
  • The put in and take out of boats, rafts, kayaks, and other watercraft in this area is prohibited with the exception of the foot access to private land behind the concession dormitory. Private land owner permission is required to utilize the launch area at the confluence of the Yellowstone and Gardner rivers. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

Violation of above closures, designations, uses or activity restrictions or conditions, schedules of visiting hours, or public use limits of this section is prohibited. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

36 CFR § 1.6: Permits

Engaging in the following activities without first obtaining the required permit is prohibited. An application for a permit should be submitted to the Superintendent during normal business hours. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2), 1.6 (a)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions, restrictions, regulations and permitting are necessary for public safety and protection of fisheries, water quality, wilderness values.

Boating Permits

(63) Operators/passengers on all motorized and non-motorized vessels, including float tubes and windsurfers are required to have a US Coast Guard approved, wearable PFD. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2), 1.6 (a)

Camping Permits

(64) A permit is required to camp within Yellowstone National Park. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2), 1.6 (a)

Cave Entry Permits

(65) Entering caves, pits or sink holes which are the result of thermal and/or seismic activity is prohibited without a written permit from the Superintendent. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2), 1.6 (a)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection. The presence of noxious and harmful gases requires appropriate training and equipment to protect entrants from injury. The resources in the caves are fragile and should not be subject to frequent public use.

Commercial Backcountry Trail Use

(66) Park trails and backcountry areas shall not be used by individuals or parties packing, carrying or hauling materials or supplies for commercial hunting camps or other commercial activities based outside the exterior park boundaries except as authorized in the concessions contract and operating plan. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2), 1.6 (a)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection to include soundscapes and air quality.

Commercial Vehicle Permits

(67) Authorization is required for vehicles exceeding the statutory size and weight limits (wider than 8’6” or longer than 75’). Authorization may be obtained through the Visitor’s Services Office in Mammoth Hot Springs. 36 CFR § 1.6 (a), 36 CFR 7.13 (a)(4). See section 1.5 of this document, entries 12-15, for use restrictions and limits.

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

Cooke City Resident Permits

(68) Cooke City area residents are required to display a decal issued by the Superintendent on their personal vehicles to allow convenient non-fee entrance into the park. This decal will be issued at the Northeast Entrance Station and will allow travel only between the North and Northeast Entrances. 36 CFR § 1.6 (a)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

Fishing Permits

All individuals fishing within the exterior boundaries of Yellowstone National Park are subject to following the most recent fishing regulations. This is particularly important during special closures implemented to protect park resources. 36 CFR § 1.6 (a)

(69) Anglers 16 years of age or older must purchase and possess a Yellowstone National Park fishing permit to fish in the park. The permit is valid only when signed by the permittee and is non-transferable. 36 CFR § 1.6 (a)

(70) Anglers under 15 years of age have two options: Children 15 or younger may fish without a permit if they are fishing under the direct supervision of an adult who has a valid park fishing permit. 36 CFR § 1.6 (a) Children 15 or younger may obtain a free permit that must be signed by a responsible adult; with this permit, a child can fish without direct adult supervision. 36 CFR § 1.6 (a), 1.5 (a)(3)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection and to assist in fisheries management.

Transport Carcasses/Animal Parts

(71) As authorized in section 2.2(d), freshly harvested game animal carcasses or animal parts may be transported through the park on park roads between any two of the five Entrance Station as part of the thru routes connecting the National Highway System, in or on a motor vehicle when the carcass is field dressed and wrapped or otherwise covered so as to not be visible, and when accompanied by a park transport permit and a marked, valid state tag as evidence that the animal was taken legally outside the park. All carcasses, shed antlers, horns, skulls, bones and other wildlife parts require a park transport permit issued at the point of entry at one of the five Entrance Stations in the park (North, Northeast, East, South, and West Entrances). A transport permit is not required for US-191. Carcass(es) must be transported in the most direct route between the entering gate and exiting gate and are not allowed overnight in the park. No transport of animal carcasses or animal parts is allowed on Old Yellowstone Trail.

The transport of heads and spinal cords from deer, elk, or moose through the park is prohibited if they were harvested in a state or province with chronic wasting disease (CWD) diagnosed in their wildlife populations, except for the following portions of the carcass:

  • Meat that is cut and wrapped either commercially or privately.
  • Quarters or other portions of meat with no part of the spinal column or head attached.
  • Meat that has been boned out.
  • Hides with no heads attached.
  • Clean (no meat or tissue attached) skull plates with antlers attached.
  • Antlers with no meat or tissue attached.
  • Upper canine teeth, also known as “buglers”, “whistlers”, or “ivories”.
  • Finished taxidermy heads.

Currently those states and provinces include Arkansas, Colorado, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio (hunting preserve), Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Alberta and Saskatchewan. 36 CFR § 1.6 (a), § 1.5 (a)(2)

(72) Game animals or animal parts may not be transported through backcountry areas or on backcountry trails anywhere in the park; with the exception of the Mountain Creek trail when a permit has been issued. 36 CFR § 1.6 (a)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

Transport Vegetation

Transporting or hauling plant products, plant by-products and plant waste products into or through the park is prohibited, except that securely wrapped State certified weed free hay or hay pellets, hay cubes or grain may be transported or used when permitted by the Superintendent. Securely wrapped or covered uncertified hay may be transported on the park portion of US Highway 191(mile post 11-31). 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection and to assist in managing invasive species and noxious weeds.

36 CFR Part 2: Resource Protection, Public Use & Recreation

36 CFR § 2.1: Preservation of Natural, Cultural & Archaeological Resources

(74) Dead wood on the ground may be gathered for use as fuel for campfires at designated backcountry and frontcountry campsites unless prohibited by on-site signs or specific permit restrictions. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(75) Leaving a designated trail or walkway to shortcut between portions of the same trail or walkway, or to shortcut to an adjacent trail or walkway is prohibited. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2), 36 CFR § 2.1 (b)

(76) Edible berries and mushrooms may be gathered by hand for personal daily consumption within the park boundaries. Gathering edible berries and/or mushrooms within the park for the purposes of preserving (freezing) and/or canning are prohibited. 36 CFR § 2.1 (c)(1)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

36 CFR § 2.2: Wildlife Protection

(77) The use of wildlife and/or varmint calls, audio attractants or other artificial or natural means of attracting or disturbing wildlife (including rattling antlers or verbal bugling or howling imitations) are prohibited. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(78) Viewing wildlife at night with any artificial light, including flash photography, within the exterior boundaries of Yellowstone National Park is prohibited. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2), 36 CFR § 2.2 (e)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection and to assist in wildlife management.

36 CFR § 2.10: Camping & Food Storage

Camping conditions

(79) Camping in all Class A and B campgrounds is limited to no more than six persons sleeping per site. All vehicles must be parked on the campsite parking pad so as to not block or restrict traffic on loops, access roads or main roads. 36 CFR § 2.10(a)

(80) The intensive Public Use Season Limits (July 1 to Labor Day) established in 7.13 do not apply to the Fishing Bridge RV Park. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(1

(81) Camping in the Fishing Bridge RV Park is restricted to hard sided vehicles only (constructed of solid, non-pliable material). 36 CFR § 2.10 (a)

(82) Backcountry camping shall be restricted to conditions established by the Superintendent as listed on the backcountry permit. Deviations from the permit are allowed only when approved by authorized personnel designated by the Chief Ranger or where immediate safety considerations or other major concerns dictate the change. 36 CFR § 2.10 (a)

(83) Horses and pack animals are prohibited in Class A and B campgrounds and other frontcountry trails and visitor areas. The use of horses by patrol rangers and for other administrative purposes is allowed. 36 CFR § 2.10 (a)

(84) Concessions permittees operating in the backcountry must suspend all food, garbage, stock feed, cooking utensils and stoves (except clean and sanitized utensils and stoves), ice chests and any scented articles at least 10 feet off the ground and at least 4 feet from tree trunks at night and/or when not in use or attended – unless using approved containers (see compendium #88). 36 CFR § 2.10 (a)

(85) In all areas, food, garbage, and equipment used to cook or store food, when not in use or attended, must be sealed in a vehicle or camping unit made of solid, non-pliable material or suspended at least 10 feet above the ground and 4 feet horizontally from a post, tree trunk, or other object. 36 CFR § 2.10 (d)

(86) The use of hard bear resistant food canisters, stock panniers and coolers, specifically commercially manufactured for this purpose and approved by the Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee, for personal backcountry food and garbage storage is allowed. Canisters, panniers and coolers must be stored in the food pole area within the core camp; are recommended to be hung when possible, and must be properly functioning in designed condition. Bear resistant canisters, panniers or coolers are not approved for use as stand-alone food storage in front country campgrounds, where food must be stored in hard sided vehicles or provided metal bear boxes. All other food containers in backcountry campsites must be hung where possible per section 87 of this document.. 36 CFR § 2.10 (d)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety, resource protection and wildlife management in front and backcountry camping areas.

36 CFR § 2.13: Fires

(87) Open fires are permitted only in designated fire rings, grills, or grates in designated campgrounds, some backcountry campsites and employee residential areas. Self contained gas and charcoal grills are allowed. Charcoal must be fully extinguished and disposed of in a garbage receptacle. 36 CFR § 2.13 (a)(1), 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(88) Wood fires are prohibited at Shoshone Lake backcountry campsites. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(1), 36 CFR § 2.10 (a)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection in front and backcountry areas of the park

36 CFR § 2.15: Pets

(89) Pets will not be left unattended in areas or in circumstances that they will create a nuisance to other visitors or cause a conflict with wildlife. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(90) Pets will not be left in areas where food, water, shade, ventilation and other basic needs are inadequate. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2) 91. Pet owners or responsible persons shall promptly collect and properly dispose of pet fecal matter in appropriate garbage receptacles. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(92) The owners or responsible persons of pets impounded for running-at-large or as the result of pet abuse, neglect or cruelty will be responsible for any charges incurred resulting from kenneling or boarding, in addition to veterinarian fees, transportation and disposal as needed. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(93) Domesticated wild or agricultural animals are prohibited unless the owner has a permit issued by the Superintendent and provided that such animals pose no threat to natural or cultural resources. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection and to protect wildlife, pets and other domestic animals

36 CFR § 2.16: Horse & Pack Animals

(94) Stock parties shall include no more than 25 animals, or fewer, when restricted by permit conditions. 36 CFR § 1.6 (a)

(95) Only certified weed-free pellets, cubes and/or grain, but no hay, may be taken into and used in the backcountry. Certified weed-free hay, securely wrapped, may be transported through the park for use outside the park when a permit has been obtained from the Superintendent. Securely wrapped or covered uncertified hay may be transported through the park portion of US Highway 191(mile post 11-31). 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2), 36 CFR § 1.6(a)

(96) Corrals and drift fences are prohibited. Portable electric fences are allowed but should be moved as often as necessary to prevent resource damage and impact. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(97) Saddle stock parties may travel off-trail except where off-trail travel is prohibited. Pack animals are not allowed off-trail unless no other access is available to a designated camp area. Such off-trail travel routes with pack animals will be specified on the backcountry permit. One support pack animal is allowed for off-trail day trips. A list of areas closed to stock off-trail travel will be available from the Superintendent's office. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(98) Tying stock to any feature resulting in injury or damage to the feature, or vegetation or soil is prohibited. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(99) Picketed animals shall not be kept w/in 100 feet of trails, campsites or water sources. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(100) Picket pins may be made from dead down wood on site or packed in. Picket pin sites must be moved frequently to prevent overgrazing or other damage to vegetation and the pins pulled from the ground before leaving the campsite. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(101) All stock manure must be scattered and removed at least 100 ft radius from the core camp and hitching line areas. Stock manure must be scattered in any area(s) where stock are retained, and an effort must be made to scatter manure in other grazing areas. Excess manure must be also be removed from trailhead parking and loading areas. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(102) Lost or dead stock animals within park boundaries will be reported as soon as possible to park rangers. If an animal dies within the park, it will be the owner or responsible person's responsibility to remove the carcass from the park or make arrangements for its proper disposal in a timely manner. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these stock use prohibitions, guidelines and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection and to protect wildlife and domestic animals

Coggins Test Requirement

(103) Upon request, all stock users must submit valid proof of a negative Coggins test performed within the last 12 months. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that this stock requirement is necessary for public safety and protection of park & public stock

36 CFR § 2.19: Winter Activities

(104) Skiing and snowshoeing are permitted on those park roads closed seasonally to wheeled vehicles (as described in sub-section 1.5(a) of this document). Persons on skis or snowshoes shall use ski trails or designated ski areas where provided along roadways. Where these trails or areas are not provided, skiers and snowshoers should travel on the edge of the roadway and yield the right of way to oversnow vehicles. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(105) The frozen surfaces of Yellowstone and Lewis Lakes are designated as being appropriate for “Kite-skiing”. “Kite-skiing” will be allowed once the park has opened to the public for the winter season AND when the lakes have completely frozen over. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection and to protect wildlife, view sheds and wilderness character.

36 CFR § 2.20: Skating, Skateboards & Similar Devices

(106) The use of roller skates, skateboards, roller skis, roller blades or similar devices are permitted only in NPS housing and administrative areas. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(107)The above activities may occur on the section of the Grand Loop Road between Mammoth Hot Springs and West Yellowstone which may be open after the November closure and prior to the April wheeled vehicle road opening in conjunction with administrative vehicular travel. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use allowances are appropriate for the public and park residents and do not adversely affect park resources.

36 CFR § 2.21: Smoking

Smoking is prohibited in the following locations:

(108) All thermal areas. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(109) All posted and designated areas, all government vehicles, and non-residential government buildings. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(110) The grounds associated with the Mammoth Community Center. (Defined in the YOP). 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions are necessary for public safety and resource protection and to protect the health of park visitors and staff.

36 CFR § 2.34: Disorderly Conduct

(111) Nude swimming, nude bathing or nude sun bathing is prohibited in areas frequented by or in the presence of park visitors. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that this prohibitions and restriction is necessary for public safety

36 CFR § 2.35: Alcoholic Beverages & Controlled Substances

(112) The possession of open containers or consumption of alcoholic beverages is prohibited in that part of Yellowstone National Park which lies north of the line from the mouth of the Gardner River directly to the fence bordering the south side of Park (aka Front) Street proximal to Gardiner, MT, and west to where that fence meets the stone wall of the Roosevelt Arch, then along said wall to its western terminus, and from there directly north to the park boundary. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

(113) The possession or use of alcoholic beverages in the Mammoth Little People's Learning Center is prohibited. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety.

36 CFR § 2.61: Residing on Federal Lands

(114) Residing in the park is restricted to government, concession or contract employees and their families and is pursuant to approval by the Superintendent. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a) (2)

The Superintendent has determined that this use prohibition and restriction is necessary for public safety and resource protection.

36 CFR Part 3: Boating & Water Use Activities

36 CFR § 3.1: Applicable Regulations:

(115) In addition to the laws, rules and regulations found in the U.S. Criminal Code and Code of Federal Regulations, Yellowstone National Park publishes boating regulations each year. The rules and regulations found in the “Yellowstone National Park Boating Regulations” are hereby adopted as part of this Compendium and all persons inside the Park are subject to abiding by the published boating rules and regulations. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that this requirement is necessary for public safety and resource protection and to protect wildlife and fisheries.

36 CFR Part 4: Vehicles & Traffic Safety

36 CFR § 4.10: Travel on Park Roads & Designated Routes

(116) Off road travel by any motorized wheeled vehicle or mechanical means of conveyance, beyond the roadway berm, or one vehicle width from the edge of established roadways is prohibited. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that this use prohibition is necessary for public safety and resource protection of native vegetation and wildlife.

36 CFR § 4.21: Speed Limits

(117) As authorized by the Superintendent the speed limit on U.S. Highway 191, within the boundaries of Yellowstone National Park (MP 11-31), shall be 55 miles per hour. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2), 36 CFR § 4.21 (b)

The Superintendent has determined that this restriction is necessary to reduce wildlife mortality and enhance public safety.

36 CFR § 4.31: Hitchhiking

(118) Hitchhiking or soliciting transportation shall be permitted within Yellowstone National Park except:

  • Within two tenths of a mile (0.2mi) of an Entrance Station.
  • Within 200 feet of a school, concession business or park service office building or visitor center.
  • In a residential area where signs exist establishing the area as residential areas only and discouraging public traffic.
  • While holding or having a sign which is larger than 2’ by 2’ in size.
  • The hitchhiker must stay off of the paved surface of the roadway, though a hitchhiker may stand on pavement if clearly in a paved pullout.
  • Where vehicles may not safely pull off of the main traffic lane into a pullout or safely onto the shoulder to allow for the passengers to be received safely.
  • During the hours of darkness unless hitchhiker is wearing bright (preferably reflectively enhanced) clothing.
  • While under the influence of alcohol or intoxicating drugs.
  • When hitch hiking behavior is deemed unsafe or a nuisance by Park Staff. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a) (2), 36 CFR § 4.31

The Superintendent has determined that these restrictions are necessary for public safety, but also acknowledges the allowance to accommodate the needs of park users and staff given the lack of a public transportation system and distances between locations in the park

36 CFR Part 5: Commercial & Private Operations

36 CFR § - 5.13 Nuisances

(119) Allowing vehicles with diesel engines or any vehicle which produces noxious exhaust to idle, except while actively loading or unloading passengers, is prohibited. This does not preclude vehicles from reasonable warm-up times away from concentrated visitor use or residential areas. In developed areas or parking areas, loading or unloading passengers, engine warm-up or idling is limited to 10 minutes. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a) (2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection because idling diesel engines produce noise and noxious fumes, which adversely affect visitor health and visitor experience. These restrictions protect and enhance visitor experience, promote better air quality, and yet enable bus operators to heat and cool bus interiors for passenger comfort.

36 CFR Part 7: Special Regulations

36 CFR Part 7.13: Special Regulations

Commercial Vehicle Special Permits, Terms and Conditions

(120) Permits are valid for business or commercial travel when the following types and sizes of vehicles are utilized: passenger cars, trucks, sports utility vehicles, or vans which are 1 ton or smaller.

  • No trailers of any size or type may be hauled for commercial or business purpose.
  • Permit must be carried within the vehicle and displayed upon request.
  • A permit is required: A permit issued specifically for business or commercial travel is required. Traveling without a specific permit is prohibited under 36 CFR 7.13(a)(5).
  • Other park passes including, but not limited to Annual Area Passes, Golden Age, National Park Passes are not valid for any business or commercial travel
  • Possession or hauling any natural resources including, but not limited to animal parts, fish, or antlers are managed under other park regulation and law (36 CFR 2.1 and 2.2). This permit does NOT permit the hauling of any natural resources.
  • Firearms, weapons, flammable, or any other hazardous material are NOT permitted under this authority.
  • Permit does NOT infer any special privileges. Violating any law, regulation, or rule is still prohibited. 36 CFR § 1.6 (a)

The superintendent has determined that the allowance of some commercial traffic is necessary to protect park resources. CFR regulations require that vehicles including trucks, station wagons, pickups, passenger cars, or other vehicles in conjunction with any commercial or business travel be restricted from utilizing park roads. Although other roads are available to these vehicles, traveling through the park significantly reduces the distance. Travel on park roadways is restricted to prevent impacts to park visitors and resources.

Pursuant to § 1.6 and 7.13(4) the intent of this compendium order is to allow limited use of park roads by vehicles for commercial and business travel for a period of up to three years. By issuing a special use permits and limiting the size of the vehicles, the intent of protecting park resources and maximizing visitor experience may still be achieved. The park will evaluate the impacts during the three year temporary period to ensure that park resources and visitor experience are not impacted

This order in no way seeks to alter regulations that prohibit commercial travel by any vehicles other than those specified here. Transporting natural resources such as antlers or animal parts would still be prohibited whether for commercial or personal purposes. Likewise the use of the park roads by vehicles larger than one ton or those pulling any size trailer would still be prohibited for commercial or business travel.

Park passes including but not limited to Annual Park Pass, Golden Age, and National Park Passes do not permit entry under this authority. Operating without a special use pass specifically intended for this type of travel is prohibited under 7.13(5). Violating any term or condition of the pass is also prohibited under 7.13 (5).

This order would allow a legal means for employees who may be working or traveling for business purposes to pass through the park in either a smaller passenger vehicle or pickup truck.

Molly Islands

(121) Disturbing birds on the Molly Islands in the Southeast Arm of Yellowstone Lake is prohibited. Unauthorized vessels shall not approach within one-half mile of the shoreline of the islands. See notes under “determinations of effect”. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a) (2), 36 CFR 7.13 (d)(11)

Per the Superintendent’s determination of effects, Molly Islands – The compendium entry states a restriction of ½ mile approach distance for protection of Pelican Nesting grounds. The CFR entry, 7.13(d)1, indicates a distance of ¼ mile. Unfortunately boaters have historically been unable to accurately measure the restricted distance. With the ½ mile restriction, the actual ¼ mile protective distance is maintained and consequently the resource is protected. Violation notices should not be issued unless the vessel is within the ¼ mile distance as defined by the CFR.

Removal of vessels

(122) Between May 1 & November 1, vessels and related equipment may be left only in designated mooring slips or parking areas specified by the Superintendent. 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2), 36 CFR § 7.13 (d)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

Employee vehicle permits

(123) Employee motor vehicle permits are valid only while the person is employed within the park and must be surrendered upon termination of employment. Vehicles must be registered and permits affixed to the vehicle within seven days of bringing a vehicle into the park. 36 CFR § 7.13 (b)(1)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

Fishing Regulations

(124) In addition to the laws, rules and regulations found in the U.S. Criminal Code and Code of Federal Regulations, Yellowstone National Park publishes fishing regulation each year. The rules and regulations found in the “Yellowstone National Park Fishing Guide” are hereby adopted as part of this Compendium and all persons inside the Park are subject to abiding by the published fishing rules and regulations. 36 CFR 7.13 (e)(2), 36 CFR § 1.5 (a)(2)

The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection of fisheries and wildlife.

Hazardous materials transport

(125) A permit is required to transport placarded hazardous materials on park roads. 36 CFR § 7.13 (a)(2), 36 CFR § 1.6 (a) >

The Superintendent has determined that this use requirement is necessary for public safety and to protect responders to an accident scene.

Appendix A

Designated area for Public Assemblies, Meetings and the Sale & Distribution of Printed Matter

The specific First Amendment demonstration areas are further defined on individual maps of the locations listed below. Request individual maps by contacting the Visitor Services Office at (307) 344-2115.

Canyon:
Canyon Village parking lot; Uncle Tom’s (Upper Falls)

Fishing Bridge:
Visitor Center parking lot

Lake:
Lake Hotel parking lot

Madison:
Museum parking lot

Mammoth:
South of Visitor Center

Old Faithful:
Old Faithful developed area

Tower Fall:
Parking lot

West Thumb:
Geyser Basin parking lot

 

Section I: 36 CFR §1.4 What terms do I need to know?

In addition to definitions found in 36 CFR § 1.4(a), the following definitions, created by the Superintendent, apply to all parts of this Compendium for park wide consistency:

Administrative travel means roads closed to motor vehicle or oversnow use by the public but are open to motor vehicle or oversnow use for administrative purposes.

Artificial fly means a hook, in which a minimum of half the shank of the hook is dressed with conventional, natural, or synthetic material in a common method known as fly tying. This includes dry flies, wet flies, streamers, egg patterns, and nymphs. Hair, feathers, metallic colored tape, tinsel, mylar, bead eyes, dumbbell eyes, beads (metal, glass or plastic), foam, rubber and lead-free metal wire, tape or body wrap may be used as an integral part of the design and fly pattern.

Artificial light means any man-made light or lightning device.

Artificial lure means a man-made or artificial device, complete with a hook, intended to attract and entice a fish for the purpose of taking them; excludes artificial flies and attractors.

Attractor means a hook-less device attached to a fishing line between the end of a rod and an artificial fly or artificial lure or that provides additional motion or other visual attraction. Typical attractors include, but are not limited to, dodgers, lake trolls (such as Ford fenders), willow leaf, or cowbell flashers, artificial rubber or molded plastic (soft or hard beads). A strike indicator is not considered an attractor.

Bait means all dead or live organisms or edible parts thereof; natural or artificial food or products thereof; chemically treated or processed fish eggs or animal products; artificial dough, paste or edible lures; and rubber worms, rubber leeches, or twister tails. This definition does not apply to hair or feathers used as fly-tying material.

Barbless hook means a hook manufactured without a barb or a hook on which barbs have been filed off, closed (point of the barb has been crimped or pinched so the barb touches the hook shank), or has otherwise been completely removed.

Bear Spray means a chemical formula designed specifically to deter aggressive or attacking bears. It must be registered with the Environmental Protection Agency and individual states. It must be commercially manufactured and labeled as “Bear Spray”. Bear spray must contain between 1% to 2% of the active ingredients capsaicin and related capsaicinoids.

Bear resistant food container (BRFC) means an item constructed of a solid, non-pliable material to prevent access by a bear. BRFCs allowed include personal backpacking canisters, stock panniers and coolers approved and listed by the Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee (http://www.igbconline.org/html/safety.html).

Boiling River Swimming Area means the water 25 yards upstream and downstream of where Boiling River drains into Gardner River. Terrain within 50 yards of water and the trail that access the area is also included as part of the swimming area.

Catch and release means a fish must be carefully and immediately returned alive to the water from which it was taken.

Class A Campground means campground with flush toilets and running water.

Class B Campground means campground with vault toilets and water pumps.

Closely attended means a person fishing must be able to immediately control their line or rod at all times in order to react to a potential strike.

Coggins test means blood test which identifies Equine Infectious Anemia which is caused by a viral infection that affects the immune system of equine species. Equine species are horses, burros and mules but not llamas.

Core camp means the area within a 100 foot radius of an NPS established fire ring or cooking area of a designated campsite.

Drainage means the stream proper and area of land which includes all streams, lakes and tributaries that drain into that stream.

Dropper or drop fly means an artificial fly being used as a second artificial fly on a two (2) artificial fly rig. A dropper is commonly attached to a primary fishing line or artificial fly by means of tippet or other fishing line.

Drug free school zone means that area within a radius of 1,000 feet of the Snoopy School/Mammoth Community Center, the Mammoth Little People's Learning Center and the NPS lands adjacent to the Gardiner public school. (21 USC 860)

Fly fishing means only artificial flies may be attached to a line for the purpose of attracting and enticing fish for take, regardless of the type of rod or line used; weights or split shot and strike indicators are permitted.

Firehole Swimming Area means the section of Firehole River, approximately 2 miles south of Madison Junction adjacent to Firehole Canyon Drive, that is comprised of flat, calm water starting upstream at whitewater rapids situated between narrow cliffs and ending approximately 250 yards downstream where the flat, calm section of water becomes narrow and whitewater again. Terrain within 25 yards of the water and the trail that access the area is also included as part of the swimming area.

Hook means a bent wire device for catching fish to which a single, double or treble point is attached to a single shank. Hooks can be:

  1. Single Point with only one point.
  2. Double Point with two points on a common shank.
  3. Treble Point with three points on a common shank.

Invasive (nonnative) species means a species that does not naturally occur or is alien to the ecosystem under consideration and causes, or is likely to cause, economic or environmental harm or harm to human health. Invasive species can be plants, animals, and other organisms (e.g. microbes).

Lake means a body of standing water in a depression of land and includes reservoirs and ponds (excluding ponds created by beavers).

Pack animal means horses, burros, mules, ponies and llamas only.

Service animal means any dog or miniature horse that is individually trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of an individual with a disability, including a physical, sensory, psychiatric, intellectual, or other mental disability.

Scented attractants means any substance that has been added, infused or applied to an artificial fly, artificial lure, line, or hook for the purpose of attracting fish by scent; excludes non-scented materials or chemicals specifically designed and produced to cause flies to float or sink.

Snagging means taking or attempting to take a fish by the use of an artificial fly or artificial lure in any manner or method that the fish does not voluntarily take the hook in its mouth. Fishing only by means of a bare hook that is not an artificial fly or artificial lure, regardless of manner or method, is considered snagging.

Stream means water in a permanent or seasonal bed or channel with a current that is usually continuous in one direction and includes creeks, rivers, ditches, sloughs and ponds created by beavers. Streams may not flow continuously during low-flow periods. Ponds or puddles in a stream channel during low-flow periods shall be considered to be a stream.

Strike Indicator means a hook-less, unscented floating device attached to a line or leader to signal a strike at an artificial fly or artificial lure.

Thermal area means any area where surface manifestations of hot springs, geysers, mud springs, fumaroles or warm ground are present.

Tributary means a stream that flows into a larger stream, river or lake.

Unmanned Aircraft means a device that is used or intended to be used for flight in the air without the possibility of direct human intervention from within or on the device, and the associated operational elements and components that are required for the pilot or system operator in command to operate or control the device (such as cameras, sensors, communication links). This term includes all types of devices that meet this definition (e.g., model airplanes, quadcopters, and drones) that are used for any purpose, including for recreation or commerce.

Upgrading means the practice of substituting captured fish for fish in possession.

Yellowstone Native Fish Species means a species that is endemic or indigenous to Yellowstone National Park. This includes, but is not limited to:

  1. Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout
  2. Westslope Cutthroat Trout
  3. Mountain Whitefish
  4. Arctic Grayling

Yellowstone Native Trout Conservation Area means all lakes, streams and tributaries within Yellowstone National Park that are outside the Nonnative Trout Tolerance Area.

Yellowstone Nonnative Trout Tolerance Area means the Firehole River and its tributaries; the Gibbon River, downstream of Gibbon Falls, and its tributaries; Lewis Lake and its tributaries; the Lewis River, above Lewis Falls, and its tributaries; Shoshone Lake and its tributaries; and the Madison River and its tributaries.

 

Section II: 36 CFR §1.5 Closures and Public Use Limits

(a)(1) Establish, for all or a portion of a park area, a reasonable schedule of visiting hours, impose public use limits, or close all or a portion of a park area to all public use or to a specific use or activity.

SC 1. All caves within the park are closed to public use, except when a permit has been issued by the Superintendent.

Determination: This public use limit has been established in accordance with the Federal Cave Resource Protection Act of 1988 and departmental policy, which states all caves located on NPS lands are “significant caves.” The permit requirement is done to protect sensitive cave resources and provides a protection for the public from potentially accessing areas with concentrated toxic gas.

SC 2. All firearm ranges, to include the administrative roads that accesses them, are closed to public access.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined this closure is necessary for public and employee safety, as well as resource protection.

SC 3. Bear Management Areas (BMA).

(a) Unless otherwise specified below, the following areas will be closed to all public access for bear management activities during their prescribed dates:
(1) Firehole BMA.
(i) Area (includes Firehole Freight Road and Firehole Lake Road) is closed March 10 through the Friday of Memorial Day weekend. The Mary Mountain Trail from the Nez Perce trailhead to Mary Lake is closed March 10 through June 15. Through travel from the Canyon trailhead is not allowed, however, travel is allowed from the Canyon trailhead to Mary Lake and back. Streamside use is allowed from the point where Nez Perce Creek crosses the main road to a point one mile upstream along Nez Perce Creek.
(2) Richard’s Pond BMA.
(i) Area is closed March 10 through the Friday of Memorial Day weekend. From the Saturday of Memorial Day weekend through September 30, Duck Creek, from the park boundary upstream to the Campanula Creek/Richards Creek fork, is open to streamside travel. The area upstream from Campanula Creek/Richard's Creek fork is closed from March 10 through September 30.
(3) Gneiss Creek BMA.
(i) Area is closed March 10 through June 30. From July 1 through November 10, travel is allowed only on designated trails (off-trail travel is prohibited).
(4) Gallatin BMA.
(i) From May 1 through November 10, travel is allowed only on designated trails (off-trail travel is prohibited).
(5) Blacktail BMA.
(i) Area is closed March 10 through June 30.
(6) Washburn BMA.
(i) Area is closed August 1 through November 10. From March 10 through July 31, the area is open by special permit only. Contact the Tower Ranger Station or Bear Management Office for permit information.
(7) Antelope BMA.
(i) Area is closed March 10 through November 10. The Dunraven Road and related turnouts are open. From May 25 through November 10, foot travel is allowed on the old Road Trail from Tower Falls Campground to the Buffalo Picnic Area.
(8) Mirror Plateau BMA.
(i) From May 15 through November 10, the area is open to day use only with the exception that from July 1 through August 14 overnight camping is permitted for a combined total of 14 nights per summer at the 3O1 and 5P7 campsites.
(9) Pelican Valley BMA.
(i) Area is closed April 1 through July 3. From July 4 through November 10, the area is open to day-use only between the hours of 9 a.m. and 7 p.m.
(10) Clear Creek BMA.
(i) Area J1 - From April 1 through August 10, travel is only allowed on the east shore from Nine-mile trailhead to Park Point. All campsites and all other trails are closed and off-trail travel is prohibited. On August 11, all campsites and trails open and off-trail travel is permitted.

(ii) Area J2 - From April 1 through July 14, travel is allowed only on the east shore trail from Park Point to Beaverdam Creek. All other trails are closed and off-trail travel is prohibited. Open campsites are 5E3, 5E4, 5E6, and 5E8 (no travel away from campsite). All other campsites are closed. On July 15, all campsites and trails open and off-trail travel is permitted.
(11) Lake Spawn BMA.
(i) From May 15 through July 14, no off-trail travel is allowed and the trail between Cabin Creek and Outlet Creek is closed. Open Campsites are 7L5, 7L6, 7L7, 7M3, 7M4, 6A3, and 6B1 (no travel away from campsite). All other campsites are closed. On July 15 all campsites and trails open and off trail-travel are permitted.
(12) Two Ocean BMA.
(i) From March 10 through July 14 and August 22 through November 10, travel is allowed only on designated trails (off-trail travel is prohibited). From July 15 through August 21, a permit is required for persons wishing to travel away from designated trails.
(13) Riddle and Solution BMA.
(i) Area is closed April 30 through July 14.
(14) Grant Village BMA.
(i) Campground opens June 20 or earlier if bear use of the area spawning streams is over prior to that time. If bears are still frequenting the spawning streams after June 20, the campground loops adjacent to the stream(s) will remain closed until bear activity ceases. Campground closes October 16.
(15) Heart Lake BMA.
(i) Is closed to all public access Area is closed April 1 through June 30.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined these closures are necessary for the protection and repopulation of Grizzly Bears in Yellowstone National Park and the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem.

SC 4. Bird nesting closures.

(a) Annually, from April 1st to September 15th, all lands within ¼ mile or any other distance designated on signs or maps of active sensitive bird nesting sites are closed to all public access.

(b) The following locations are known, reoccurring nesting sites that close in accordance with section (a):
(1) Beula Lake.

(2) Campsite 7L7, South Arm of Yellowstone Lake.

(3) Frank Island, except the picnic area.

(4) Peale Island.

(5) Stevenson Island.

(6) The Mouth of the Lewis Channel.

(7) Tananger Lake.

(8) Heart Lake.

(9) Riddle Lake.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that this closure is necessary for the protection of bird species during the sensitive nesting period and that a ¼ mile distance is reasonable considering U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service guidance. Should documentation of fledging or nesting failure occur earlier than September 15th, closures may be lifted by the removal of posted signs.

SC 5. Construction or demolition areas are closed to public access except where a designated route and means of travel has been established by the Superintendent.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined this closure is necessary for public and employee safety, as well as resource protection.

SC 6. Jumping, diving, or rappelling off any bridge structure in the park is prohibited.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that this prohibition is necessary for public and traffic safety.

SC 7. Launching, landing, or operating an unmanned aircraft from or on lands and waters administered by the National Park service within Yellowstone National Park is prohibited except as approved in writing by the Superintendent.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that unmanaged or unrestricted recreational use of unmanned aircraft within Yellowstone National Park will conflict with, or impact, a variety of park uses including visitor experience of unimpaired view sheds; the disturbance, displacement or harassment of park wildlife to include threatened and endangered species present potential for impacts or damage to sensitive thermal areas; creation of public safety hazards per operation near roadways or large aggregations of visitors, and visual or aural impacts to wilderness character and values within the park backcountry. Less restrictive measures were not considered sufficient due to the rapidly expanding and evolving use of UAs throughout the world. Section 1.5 of NPS Management Policies 2006 provide that a new form of park use may be allowed within a park only after a determination has been made by the park Superintendent that it will not result in unacceptable impacts on park resources and values.

SC 8. Obsidian Cliff.

(a) For the purposes of this part, “Obsidian Cliff” means all areas within the following exterior boundary: a straight line from 44°50’55.00” N, 110°44’07.94” to the peak of Horseshoe Hill; a straight line from the peak of Horseshoe Hill to the west bank of Solfatara Creek; along the western bank of Solfatara Creek to its intersection with the Solfatara Creek trail; 100 feet off the north edge of Solfatara Creek Trail to Solfatara North trailhead; 100 feet off the east edge of Grand Loop Road to 44°50’55.00”N, 110°44’07.94”.
(b) Obsidian Cliff is closed to all public access.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined this closure is necessary to provide for the protection of cultural resources associated with Obsidian Cliff National Historic Landmark. The values associated with Obsidian Cliff are still strong today, making recreational activities at the site inappropriate.

SC 9. Road Closures

(a) Government areas, administrative roads and service roads are closed to public motor vehicle use.

(b) Firehole Canyon Drive is closed to wheeled buses, trailers and recreational vehicles.

(c) Starting the first Monday in November until spring opening in April or May, Grand Loop Road and park entrance roads are closed to motor vehicle use by the public, except for the following sections of park road which remain open year-round:
(1) North Entrance Station to Mammoth Hot Springs.

(2) Mammoth Hot Springs to Upper Terrace Drive.

(3) Mammoth Hot Springs to Tower Junction.

(4) Tower Junction to the Northeast Entrance Station.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection. Additionally, Federal Highways has placed a six ton weight limit for the Firehole Lake Drive Bridge.

SC 10. Stephens Creek Administrative Facility.

(a) For the purpose of this part, “Stephens Creek Administrative Facility” means Stephens Creek access road, Stephens Creek corral, Stephens Creek barn and infrastructure, Stephens Creek firearms range, and the terrain 25 to 50 yards around these facilities.

(b) The Stephens Creek Administrative Facility is closed to all public access.

(c) In addition to section (a) and (b), additional temporary closures may be implemented throughout the year in the Stephens Creek Administrative Facility area to accommodate wildlife management operations. All areas within these additional temporary closures are closed to public access.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that this closure is necessary for resource protection, as well as public and employee safety.

SC 11. Sylvan Pass Avalanche Control Area.

(a) For the purposes of this part, “Sylvan Pass Avalanche Control Area” means the entire south aspect of Hoyt Peak, from a point 1.5 miles east of Avalanche Peak Trailhead to a point 1.6 miles east of Avalanche Peak Trailhead.

(b) The Sylvan Pass Avalanche Control Area is closed to all public access.

Determination: The Superintendent has closed this area year round for public safety. Over the winter months, NPS staff conduct avalanche mitigation operations, to include the use of explosive rounds. Regardless of season, the area listed above may contain unexploded ordinances.

SC 12. The Sylvan Pass howitzer platform and administrative road that accesses the platform is closed to public access.

Determination: The Superintendent has closed this area for public safety. Over the winter months, NPS staff conduct avalanche mitigation operations, to include the use of explosive rounds fired off from this location. The tools used to conduct avalanche mitigation in the area are left on site and the nature of the equipment is dangerous.

SC 13. The possession of an agricultural or domesticated wild animal is prohibited unless the Superintendent has provided written authorization.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these use prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

 

(a)(2) Designate areas for a specific use or activity, or impose conditions or restrictions on a use or activity.

Boating and Water Use Activities

SC1. Aquatic invasive species (AIS) inspections.

(a) An AIS inspection, as specified in the sections below, is a prerequisite to obtain a general permit for boating in the park.

(b) AIS inspections will be completed by an authorized inspector from the park on all vessels and related equipment that will contact park waters.

(c) The following are required to obtain an AIS seal:

(1) All vessels and related equipment must be free of AIS upon the completion of an inspection.

(2) If AIS is present on a vessel or related equipment, the contaminated vessel or related equipment will be subject to a 30 day quarantine before another inspection will be completed which is subject to the requirements of this part.

(3) All vessels must not have a ballast tank or similar areas in which cannot be visually inspected, except as specifically authorized by the Superintendent.

Determination: To address the risk of introducing Dreissenid mussels and other (AIS) to Yellowstone National Park waters, the park is developing an AIS Rapid Response Framework and an AIS Management Plan. Meanwhile, for the 2019 boating season only, the Superintendent has determined prohibiting vessels equipped with sealed internal water ballast tanks on all park waters is necessary. The Superintendent established this restriction for the protection of natural resources. Dressenid mussels are a highly invasive species and have caused irreversible changes in waterways in the Midwestern and Eastern United States and in the Colorado River draining, to include Lake Mead and Lake Powell. Sealed internal water ballast tanks pose an elevated risk of accidental transportation and introduction of AIS because they are less likely to completely dry out. In addition, Yellowstone National Park requires an inspection of all watercraft to make sure they are clean, drained and dry, and this is not possible with sealed tanks.

(d) An AIS seal issued in accordance with this part is only valid during the dates specified on the AIS inspection receipt or seal, or until the vessel or related equipment exits the park.

(e) All vessels and related equipment, regardless of a previous inspections or AIS seal issuance, must be re-inspected, in accordance with this part, upon reentry into Yellowstone National Park.

(f) It is prohibited to allow any vessel or related equipment to contact any park waters without a valid AIS inspection or seal as specified in this part.

Determination: A general permit is required to boat in the park, as referenced in 36 CFR §7.13(d)(1)(i). The Superintendent has determined an AIS inspection and sections detailed in this part are necessary to obtain a general permit for boating in the park to prevent the introduction and spread of AIS in Yellowstone National Park waters.

SC2. All bilge and ballast plugs and other barriers that prevent water drainage from a vessel shall be removed or remain open while a vessel is being stored, left unattended, or transported by land within the park.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC3. Anchoring a vessel on Yellowstone Lake in the following locations is prohibited:

(a) Bridge Bay Marina.

(b) Grant Village Launch Ramp Lagoon.

(c) Within 300 yards of the shoreline between Lake Hotel and the entrance to Bridge Bay Marina.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC4. Anchoring or beaching any vessel overnight in the park is prohibited, except if a person has an active and valid Yellowstone National Park Backcountry Use Permit.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC5. Docks on Yellowstone Lake are designated for Yellowstone National Park Backcountry Use Permittees. Persons without a Yellowstone National Park Backcountry Use Permit may only use these docks when the associated backcountry campsite is not in use.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC6. It is prohibited to transport a vessel or related equipment that is known to have invasive species attached through the park.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC7. Landing or beaching a vessel in the following locations is prohibited:

(a) In or within 25 feet of a geothermal area, except at the designated boat landing area for Shoshone Geyser Basin.

(b) In an area closed to public use.

(c) In areas as designated by signs or as posted on maps in visitor use areas.

(d) On the shoreline of Yellowstone Lake between Little Thumb Creek and the south end of West Thumb Geyser Basin.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC8. Power-driven vessels on Yellowstone Lake may be used in areas restricted to hand-propelled vessels if the device that powers the vessel has been completely removed from the transom or is non-operational and completely fixed out of the water.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC9. Power-driven vessels from Lewis Lake may be used on Shoshone Lake only if the device that powers the vessel has been removed. Storage requirements for the device are detailed in 36 CFR §2.2(a)(2).

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC10. The park’s boating season begins the Saturday immediately prior to Memorial Day and ends the first Sunday in November. Boating outside of these dates is prohibited.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that the use of Bear Spray in a manner consistent with IGBC recommendation is appropriate as a deterrent to negative human/bear encounters.


Resource Protection

SC11. The possession or consumption of food and beverages is prohibited in all thermal areas, except when contained in a pack like container for carrying purposes. Water is not included in this prohibition.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that this restriction is necessary to protect and prevent impact to thermal resources.

SC12. Transporting plants, minerals or products thereof is prohibited on any park road, except for securely wrapped or covered hay on U.S. Highway 191 or if a person has received written authorization from the Superintendent.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC13. In lieu of paying a Yellowstone National Park Recreation Fee, Cooke City area residents may obtain a free permit, as authorized by the Superintendent, for non-recreational travel through the park between the north and northeast entrances.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that this restriction is necessary to protect the resource and enhance public safety for public and boating safety.


Wildlife Protection

SC14. The possession of Bear Spray for the strict purposes of protecting life and property against aggressive wildlife is permitted within the park.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that the use of Bear Spray in a manner consistent with IGBC recommendation is appropriate as a deterrent to negative human/bear encounters.

SC15. The use or possession of any radio electronic signal receiving device capable of being set at assigned NPS, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Interagency Bear Management Team or any other permitted wildlife research operation frequencies within Yellowstone National Park is prohibited.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC16. To protect park wildlife, the following are prohibited:

(a) Willfully approaching, remaining, viewing or engaging in any activity:
(1) Within 25 yards of any wildlife, except bears and wolves or when completely inside a legally positioned motor vehicle.

(2) Within 100 yards of bears and wolves, except when completely inside a legally positioned motor vehicle.

(3) Within any distance that displaces or interferes with the free unimpeded movement of any wildlife.

(4) Within any distance that creates or contributes to a potentially hazardous condition or situation.

(5) Failing to remove oneself to prescribed distances during inadvertent, accidental or surprise encounters with wildlife.
(b) The prohibitions of this section do not apply to someone who is:
(1) In compliance with written protocols approved by the Superintendent.

(2) In accordance with the terms and conditions of a permit issued by the Superintendent.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these pubic use restrictions and requirements are necessary to maximize public safety, protect wildlife, and provide park stiff with the flexibility to situationally manage dynamic, divers and rapidly evolving wildlife viewing opportunities.

General Park Usage

SC17. Commercial Vehicle Travel Restrictions

(a) Permitted oversize and overweight vehicles are only permitted to travel between 9:00 p.m. and 9:00 a.m. from the Friday before Memorial Day to September 15th.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(b) Permitted transportation of combustible or flammable petroleum products in vehicles exceeding 30 feet in length, 8 feet 6 inches in width, 13 feet 6 inches in height and 80,000 pounds of gross weight will be required to travel between 9:00 p.m. and 12:00 pm from Memorial Day through September 15th.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(c) Permitted transportation of combustible or flammable petroleum products in vehicles not exceeding 30 feet in length, 8 feet 6 inches in width, 13 feet 6 inches in height and 80,000 pounds of gross weight will be allowed to travel between 9:00 p.m. and 12:00 pm from Memorial Day through September 15th.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC18. Electric and pedal assist bicycles are prohibited in all park areas except on park roads that are open to public motor vehicles.

Determination: Electric and pedal assist bicycles do not meet the definition of a bicycle as defined in 36 CFR § 1.4. Until further federal guidance is distributed on this subject, the Superintendent has determined this restriction is necessary to protect park resources and ensure public use is consistent with applicable federal regulations in all park areas.

SC19. Employee motor vehicle permits issued in accordance with 36 CFR §7.13(b)(1) and (2) are only valid while the person is employed within the park and must be surrendered upon termination of employment.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined this condition is necessary for the proper use of the park by those no longer employed within the park.

SC20. Gyroscopically Controlled Mobility Devices

(a) The use of a Segway or other similar gyroscopically controlled device, in lieu of a manual or motorized wheelchair, is allowed by persons with disabilities who would otherwise only have the option of using a manual or power wheel chair under the following conditions:
(1) A person using a Segway or a similar gyroscopically controlled device in the park would be medically determined to have a permanent disability that severely limits one or more major life functions. A permanent disability is a permanent physical, mental, or sensory impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, such as caring for oneself, performing manual task, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, learning and working.

(2) Persons claiming disability will show proof of medically determined permanent disability or eligibility for receiving benefits under federal law following the guidelines in effect for obtaining an America the Beautiful Access Pass (e.g. a statement by a license physician).

(3) Segways or similar gyroscopically controlled devices are permitted on sidewalks, formalized paved overlooks, and in campgrounds.

(4) Segways are prohibited on park roads, to include their shoulders, and boardwalks.

(5) Segways may not be operated at speeds greater than 3 mph.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these use conditions are necessary to ensure public safety and the safety of ADA defined users.

SC21. Idling an engine or motor vehicle is prohibited, except:

(a) While stopped in traffic or a construction line.

(b) While actively loading or unloading passengers.

(c) While warming up a motor vehicle’s engine for no longer than 10 minutes in developed areas or parking lots.

(d) While warming up an engine or motor vehicle away from concentrated visitor use or residential area.

Determination: Idling engines and motor vehicles produce noise and noxious fumes that adversely affect air quality, park resources, and visitor health and experience. The Superintendent has established these conditions to protect park resources, promote better air quality in the park, protect and enhance visitor experience. These conditions have been determined as the least restrictive means to ensure operators can still warm up engines or motor vehicles for optimum use and to heat and cool motor vehicle interiors for passenger comfort without negatively impacting park resources and the public.

SC22. It is prohibited to leave or confine a pet in an unattended motor vehicle under conditions that endanger the health or well-being of a pet due to heat, cold, lack of adequate ventilation, or lack of food or water, or other circumstances that could reasonably be expected to cause suffering, disability, or death to the pet.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

 

Section III: 36 CFR §1.6 Permits

(a) When authorized by regulations set forth in this chapter, the superintendent may issue a permit to authorize an otherwise prohibited or restricted activity or impose a public use limit.

(f) The following is a compilation of those activities for which a permit from the superintendent is required:

§1.5 Closures and public use limits.

(d) The following activities related to Public Use limits:
  • Non-recreational Cooke City area resident permit.
  • Entering a closed area.
  • Entering any cave.
  • Possession of a domesticated wild or agricultural animal.
  • Transportation of mineral or plant products.
  • Transportation of wildlife parts not associated with lawfully taken wildlife and parts thereof.
§2.2 Wildlife Protection.
(d) Transportation of lawfully taken wildlife and parts through park areas.
(d) Retrieval of wounded or dead wildlife.

§2.4 Weapons, traps and nets.
(e) Carry or possess a weapon, trap, or net that is otherwise not authorized.

§2.5 Research specimens.
(a) Taking plants, fish, wildlife, rocks or minerals for specimen collection.

§2.6 Gathering of plants or plant parts by federally recognized Indian tribes.
(b) Gathering plants or plant parts within a park area by federally recognized Indian tribe.

§2.10 Camping and food storage.

(a) Camping.

§2.12 Audio Disturbances.

(a)(2) Operating a power saw in developed areas.

(a)(3) Operation of any type of portable motor or engine, or device powered by a portable motor or engine in non-developed areas.

(a)(4) Operation of a public address system in connection with a public gathering or special event for which a permit has been issued pursuant to §2.50 or §2.51.

§2.17 Aircraft & Air Delivery.

(a)(3) Delivery or retrieval of a person or object by parachute, helicopter or other airborne means.

§2.37 Soliciting or demanding gifts, money goods or services (pursuant to the terms and conditions of a permit issued under §2.50, §2.51 or §2.52).

§2.38 Explosives.

(a) Using, possessing, storing, or transport explosives, blasting agents, or explosive materials.

(b) Using or possessing fireworks.

§2.50 Special events.

(a) Sports events, pageants, regattas, public spectator attractions, entertainments, ceremonies, and similar events.

§2.51 Demonstrations and designated available park areas.

(a) Demonstrations for groups of 26 or more persons.

§2.52 Sale of printed matter and the distribution of printed matter and other message-bearing items.

(c) Sale and distribution of printed matter and other message-bearing items that is not solely commercial advertising for groups of 26 or more persons.

§2.60 Livestock use and agriculture.

(b) Livestock use.

§2.61 Residing on Federal lands.

(a) Residing on Federal lands.

§2.62 Memorialization.

(b) Scattering of human ashes from cremation.

§3.3 Operation of a vessel in a park area.

§3.12 May I use a vessel to tow a person for water skiing or other similar activities?

(b) Towing a person using a parasail, hang-glider or other airborne device on park waters.

§3.19 Using manned or unmanned submersibles.

§4.11 Load, weight and size limits.

(a) Operation of vehicles exceeding designated load, weight and size limits.

§5.1 Display, posting or distribution of commercial notices or advertisements.

§5.2 Alcoholic beverages; sale of intoxicants.

(b) Sale of alcoholic, spirituous, vinous, or fermented liquor, containing more than 1 percent of alcohol by weight on privately owned lands.

§5.3 Engaging in or soliciting any business.

§5.4 Commercial passenger-carrying motor vehicles.

(a) The commercial transportation of passengers by motor vehicles.

§5.5 Commercial Photography & Filming

(a) Commercial filming of motion pictures or television involving the use of professional casts, settings or crews, other than bona fide newsreel or news television (as defined by 43 CFR 5.12, per 43 CFR 5.2).

(b) Still photography of vehicles, or other articles of commerce or models for the purpose of commercial advertising (as defined by 43 CFR 5.12, per 43 CFR 5.2).

§5.6 Commercial Vehicles

(c) Commercial vehicles used on park area roads when such use is necessary for access to private lands situated within or adjacent to the park area, to which access is otherwise not available.

§5.7 Constructing or attempting to construct a building, or other structures, boat dock, road, trail, path, or other way, telephone line, telegraph line, power line, or any other private or public utility, upon across, over, through, or under any park areas.

§5.10 Eating, drinking, or lodging establishments.

(a) Operation of an establishment offering food, drink, or lodging for sale on any privately owned lands.

§7.13 Yellowstone National Park.

(a)(2) Transportation of any substance or combination of substances, including hazardous substances, hazardous materials, hazardous waste, or any marine pollutants on U.S. Highway 191 in emergencies or when such transportation is necessary for access to lands within or adjacent to the park area.

(a)(4) Operation of a commercial vehicle on any park road.

(b)(1) Motor vehicle owned and/or operated by an employee of the U.S. Government, park concessioners and contractors, whether employed in a permanent or temporary capacity.

(d)(1)(i) Operation of a vessel upon the waters of the park open to boating.

(d)(1)(ii) Any vessel operator with the intention to travel into either the South Arm or Southeast Arm “Five Mile Per Hour Zones” of Yellowstone Lake.

(d)(3)(i) Landing any vessel between Trail Creek and Beaverdam Creek prior to July 1

(e)(2) Fishing

(l)(9)(vi) Non-commercially Guided Snowmobile Access
 

Section IV: General 36 CFR Regulations

PART 2 - RESOURCE PROTECTION, PUBLIC USE AND RECREATION

36 CFR §2.1 - Preservation of Natural, Cultural, and Archeological Resources:

(a)(4) Designated areas where dead wood on the ground may be collected for use as fuel for campfires within the park area:

SC1. In the immediate area surrounding a backcountry campsite where fires are permitted.

SC2. In developed areas or along park roads that are open to the public.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(a)(5) Designated areas and conditions for walking on, climbing, entering, ascending, descending, or traversing an archeological or cultural resource, monument, or statue:

SC1. No areas or conditions have been designated as an exception to this prohibition.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(b) Restrictions for hiking or pedestrian use to designated trail or walkway systems:

SC1. Foot travel is restricted to designated trails and walkway systems when traveling through signed revegetation and restoration areas.

Determination: Revegetation and restoration efforts are an importation function of the NPS. Revegetation and restoration is an attempt to get an area of the park back to baseline condition before a certain event or use caused unacceptable resource impacts. To successfully restore a park area back to baseline takes significant planning and effort for NPS staff. The Superintendent has determined this restriction is necessary and the least restrictive means to prevent further unacceptable resource impacts and provide an opportunity for successful revegetation and restoration attempts.

SC2. Foot travel within the Boiling River Swimming Area is restricted to designated trails and walkways.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC3. Foot travel within the Firehole Swimming Area is restricted to designated trails and walkways.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC4. Foot travel within the Yellowstone Canyon between Silver Cord Cascade and Inspiration Point is restricted to designated trails and boardwalks.

SC5. Foot travel within the Yellowstone Canyon between Chittenden Bridge and Upper Falls is restricted to designated trails and boardwalks.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined the restrictions in SC4 and SC5 are similar and connected to the areas closed in 36 CFR 7.13(j). These restrictions have been determined necessary to protect thermal resources and provide for visitor safety.

(c)(1) Designated fruits, berries, nuts, or unoccupied seashells that may be gathered for personal use or consumption within the park.

SC1. Edible berries and mushrooms may be gathered with following limitations and restrictions:

(a) Gathering is limited to 1 quart per species, per person, per day.

(b) Possession and consumption of berries and mushrooms is restricted to park areas.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined berries and mushrooms, in the amounts listed above, may be gathered to provide the public a unique recreational opportunity without negatively affecting park wildlife or plant resources.

36 CFR §2.2 - Wildlife Protection.

(d) Conditions and procedures for transporting lawfully taken wildlife through the park area:

SC1. It is prohibited to retrieve wounded or dead wildlife that travels into the park after an attempt to take the animal occurred outside park boundaries without written authorization from the Superintendent.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC2. Except for U.S. Highway 191, it is prohibited to transport lawfully taken wildlife and their parts through all areas of the park without written authorization from the Superintendent. Written authorization may be given only under the following conditions:

(a) All lawfully taken wildlife and their parts must be declared at a park entrance station.

(b) All lawfully taken wildlife and their parts must have valid harvest tags attached or present in accordance with state law, and the person who harvested the animal must be present with a valid hunting license.

(c) All wildlife and their parts must be field dressed, wrapped or otherwise covered so they are not visible on or within a motor vehicle.

(d) All lawfully taken wildlife from the animal kingdom family Cervidae (deer family) harvested from a state or province* with chronic wasting disease (CWD) diagnosed in their population must be transported in one or a combination of the following conditions:

(1) All meat is cut and wrapped either commercially or privately.

(2) The animal has been field dressed in a manner that no part of the spinal column or head is attached.

(3) All meat has been boned out.

(4) Hides have no head or spinal components attached.

(5) Skulls plates with antlers attached have no meat or tissue attached.

(6) Antlers have no meat or tissue attached.

(7) Teeth with no tissue attached.

*States and provinces with CWD diagnosed in their wildlife population: Arkansas, Colorado, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio (hunting preserve), Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Alberta and Saskatchewan.
Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC3. Upon receiving written authorization from the Superintendent to transport lawfully taken wildlife and parts thereof through the park, a person is prohibited from overnighting in the park and must take the most direct route between 2 of the 5 entrance stations that are part of through routes connecting the National Highway System.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(e) Park areas closed to the viewing of wildlife with an artificial light:

SC1. The entire park is closed to viewing wildlife with artificial light, including flash photography.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

36 CFR §2.10 - Camping and Food Storage.

(a) Permits, designated sites or areas, and established conditions for camping:

Camping Permits

SC1. A backcountry use permit, camping permit, or reservation is required to stay overnight within front country and backcountry areas of the park.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

Designated Sites

SC2. The following locations are the only areas designated for camping within the park:

(a) Front Country Campgrounds.

(1) Bridge Bay.
(2) Canyon Campground.
(3) Fishing Bridge RV Park.
(4) Grant Village Campground.
(5) Indian Creek Campground.
(6) Lewis Lake Campground.
(7) Madison Campground.
(8) Mammoth Campground.
(9) Norris Campground.
(10) Pebble Creek Campground.
(11) Slough Creek Campground.
(12) Tower Falls Campground.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(b) Designated Backcountry Campsites.

(c) Undesignated Backcountry Areas.

(1) Undesignated camping during the summer is prohibited, except when prescribed in a valid Yellowstone National Park Backcountry Use Permit.

(2) Undesignated camping during the winter is permitted with a Yellowstone National Park Backcountry Use Permit.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC3. Frontcountry Camping Conditions.

(a) Class A and B campsites are limited to no more than 6 persons sleeping per site.

(b) Vehicles must be parked on parking pads, so as not to block or restrict traffic, in class A and B campgrounds.

(c) Fishing Bridge RV Park is restricted to hard sided vehicles only, which means they must be constructed of solid, non-pliable material.

(d) Generators are prohibited from operating between the hours of 8:00 p.m. and 8:00 a.m., except in areas designated by signs or approved by an authorized official.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC4. Undesignated Camping Conditions.

(a) Camping must be out of sight and at least ¼ mile from park roads, developed areas, patrol cabins, thermal areas and other backcountry campers.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(d) Food storage conditions:

SC1. The following definitions, established by the Superintendent, apply to the food storage restrictions listed in this section:

(a) Food means any item with a scent or any substance, except for water, that is eaten, drunk, or otherwise taken into the body by humans, pets, horses and pack animals, service animals, and livestock.

(b) Equipment used to cook or store food means any cooking utensils; pots; pans; plates; cups; stoves; grills; coolers, regardless of contents; storage containers and bags that contain or have previously contained food, except BRFCs; beverage containers; pet food bowls; and any other equipment and cooking or storage item that relates to food.

Determination: The Superintendent has established these definitions to clearly identify the items addressed in the food storage restrictions below. The definitions above are defined based on items park wildlife have been known to obtain and become food conditioned. The Superintendent has determined these definitions are necessary and considered the least restrictive means to protect park wildlife and the public.

SC2. In all park areas all food, lawfully taken fish or wildlife, garbage, and equipment used to cook or store food must be kept sealed in a vehicle, or in a camping unit that is constructed of solid, non-pliable material, or in a BRFC, or suspended at least 10 feet above the ground and 4 feet horizontally from a post, tree trunk, or other object, or suspended on an NPS established and designated food hanging pole. This restriction does not apply to park residents who are in compliance with the food storage conditions outlined in the Yellowstone National Park Housing Plan or to established NPS grills and fire grates in housing areas, picnic areas and campgrounds.
Determination: The Superintendent has implemented food storage restrictions for the entire park to prevent park wildlife from obtaining food and becoming food conditioned, especially Black and Grizzly Bears. The Superintendent has determined these restrictions are necessary and the least restrictive means to protect park wildlife and the public. The Superintendent has added BRFCs and NPS established and designated food hanging poles as a legal means to store food because they are constructed to prevent park wildlife from obtaining food and becoming food conditioned. In some areas, NPS established bear resistant containers and food hanging poles may be the only food storage option aside from BRFCs. The Superintendent has determined these options help prevent further restrictions on the public while protecting park wildlife and the public.
SC3. The following conditions apply when using a BRFC for food storage:

(a) In all areas, a BRFC must properly function in designed condition and be secured as prescribed by the manufacturer.

(b) In backcountry campsites, a BRFC must be stored within core camp.

(c) When undesignated camping, a BRFC must be stored 100 yards from any sleeping area.

(d) In developed, frontcountry areas, a BRFC must be kept in a vehicle, or in a camping unit that is constructed of solid, non-pliable material.

Determination: Although BRFCs are designed to prohibit bears from accessing the contents within, the smells associated with them may still attract wildlife into camping areas. Requiring BRFCs to be stored in the manner above has been determined necessary by the Superintendent to prevent negative human and wildlife interactions, especially involving Black and Grizzly Bears. The Superintendent has determined these are the least restrictive means to protect park wildlife and the public.

SC4. All refuse receptacles placed outdoors are only designated as an approved method for dumping if it is of bear-proof construction or placed inside bear-proof enclosures.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined this condition is necessary to prevent park wildlife from becoming food conditioned, namely Black and Grizzly Bears. The Superintendent has determined this is the least restrictive means to protect park wildlife and the public.

36 CFR §2.11 - Picnicking.

SC1. Backcountry campsites and boat docks associated with backcountry campsites on Yellowstone Lake may be used for picnicking unless the backcountry site is being occupied by a person with an active and valid Yellowstone National Park Backcountry Use Permit.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined these picnicking restrictions are necessary and the least restrictive means to avoid conflict between park users.

36 CFR §2.13 - Fires.

(a)(1) Designated areas, receptacles and conditions for lighting and maintaining a fire:

SC1. Except when seasonal fire restrictions based on local fire danger ratings have been established by the Superintendent, fires are permitted within the confines of NPS designated and installed fire rings, grills, or grates in the following locations:

(a) Picnic areas, unless the NPS has not designated and installed fire rings, grills or grates.

(b) All frontcountry campgrounds.

(c) All backcountry sites, unless designated otherwise in a Yellowstone National Park Backcountry Use Permit.

(d) Employee housing areas.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined the need for fires to be contained within NPS designated fire receptacles to prevent unintentional wildfire ignitions. If seasonal restrictions are implemented on the use of fires within NPS designated fire receptacles, the Superintendent has determined this process as the least restrictive means to manage their use. Any seasonal restrictions are implemented to protect park resources and the public from unintentional wildfire ignitions.

SC2. Except when seasonal fire restrictions have been established by the Superintendent, fires contained within a commercially manufactured charcoal grill are permitted in all park areas.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined the need for fires to be contained within commercially manufactured charcoal grills to prevent unintentional wildfire ignitions. If seasonal restrictions are implemented on the use of fires within commercially manufactured charcoal grills, the Superintendent has determined this process as the least restrictive means to manage their use. Any seasonal restrictions are implemented to protect park resources and the public from unintentional wildfire ignitions.

(a)(2) Use restrictions for stoves and lanterns:

SC1. Except when seasonal fire restrictions have been established by the Superintendent, the use of stoves and lanterns are permitted in all park areas.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined no restrictions are necessary for the use of stoves and lanterns unless seasonal weather and fire danger dictate otherwise. If seasonal restrictions are implemented, the Superintendent has determined this process as the least restrictive means to manage the use of stoves and lanterns. Any seasonal restrictions are implemented to protect park resources and the public from unintentional wildfire ignitions.

(b) Conditions for extinguishing fires:

SC1. Any fuel used to light and maintain a fire, including coals and remains, must be cold to touch prior to abandonment.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these conditions are necessary and the least restrictive means to protect park resources and the public from an unintentional wildlife ignition.

36 CFR §2.14 - Sanitation and refuse

(a)(2) Established conditions for use of government refuse receptacles:

SC1. The use of refuse receptacles located within government areas, administrative areas and park housing areas is prohibited, except for park residents and those authorized to live within the park.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(a)(5) Areas designated for bathing, or washing food, clothing, dishes, or other property:

SC1. Areas designated for such use will be posted with signs.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(a)(7) Designations for disposing of fish remains on land, or in waters within 200 feet of boat docks or designated swimming beaches, or within developed areas:

SC1. No other designations have been established for this prohibition.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(a)(9) Designations for disposal of human body waste in nondeveloped areas:

SC1. No other designations have been established.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(b) Human body waste conditions:

SC1. In all nondeveloped areas, human waste must be disposed of in NPS designated pit toilets or buried in a hole at least 6 inches deep and in coordination with the requirements listed in §2.14(a)(9).

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC2. All toilet paper or similar material must be carried out of nondeveloped areas, except when using an NPS designated pit toilet, and disposed of in refuse receptacles.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC3. Depositing refuse in NPS designated pit toilets is prohibited, except for toilet paper.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

36 CFR §2.15 - Pets.

(a)(1) Areas closed to the possession of pets:

SC1. Except for service animals, pack animals, pets onboard day-use power-driven vessels, and pets within 100 feet of an established road or parking area, the following areas are closed to the possession of pets:

(a) Caves.

(b) Trails, except the railroad bed paralleling the Yellowstone River from Reese Creek to Gardiner, MT.

(c) Boardwalks.

(d) Undeveloped (backcountry) areas.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC2. Service animals are not subject to the park’s pet policies and, when accompanying an individual with a disability, they are allowed wherever visitors are allowed.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined this necessary to align with NPS Memorandum 19-02 – Use of Service Animals by Visitors with Disabilities.

(a)(3) Designated areas or conditions for leaving a pet unattended and tied to an object:

SC1. No areas or conditions have been established as an exception to this prohibition.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(a)(5) Pet excrement disposal conditions:

SC1. Pet owners or responsible persons shall promptly remove and dispose pet excrement from all park areas.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(e) Conditions for residents keeping pets:

SC1. Park residents may keep pets in accordance with Yellowstone National Park’s housing and pet policy. Service animals are not subject to the park’s pet policies.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined these conditions are necessary to align with NPS Policy Memorandum 19-02 – Use of Service Animals by Visitors with Disabilities.

36 CFR §2.16 - Horse and Pack Animals.

(a) “Pack animals” have been designated for Yellowstone National Park in “SECTION I: 36 CFR § 1.4 WHAT TERMS DO I NEED TO KNOW?” of this document.

(b) Trails, routes and areas designated for horses and pack animals:

SC1. Horses and pack animals are prohibited in class A and B campgrounds.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC2. Horse and pack animal travel.

(a) Horse and pack animal travel is permitted on and off-trail in the park, except:

(1) Off-trail travel by pack string is prohibited, unless accessing a designated backcountry campsite that is not accessible by a trail maintained for foot travel and marked by official signs.

(2) The areas and trails closed to travel by horse and pack animals listed in part and sections (c), (d), and (e) of this part.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(b) Horse and pack animal travel is prohibited in all thermal areas and within Yellowstone Canyon unless confined to trails that are maintained for foot travel and marked by official signs or as otherwise designated in section (d) and (e) of this part.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(c) Horse and pack animal travel is prohibited on the following trails:

(1) All boardwalks.
(2) All frontcountry trails.
(3) Artist Paint Pot trails.
(4) Artist Point trails.
(5) Avalanche Peak trail.
(6) Beaver Pond trails.
(7) Bunsen Peak trails.
(8) Canyon trails.
(9) Fairy Falls trail.
(10) Harlequin Lake trail.
(11) Osprey Falls trail.
(12) Seven Mile Hole trail.
(13) Sheepeater trail.
(14) Storm Point trails.
(15) Tower Fall trail.
(16) Trout Lake trail.
(17) Wraith Falls trail.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(d) Horse and pack animal travel is prohibited in the following locations:

(1) Developed areas.
(2) Boiling River Swimming Area.
(3) Clear Lake.
(4) Lava Creek.
(5) Lost Lake.
(6) Monument Geyser Basin.
(7) Point Sublime.
(8) Riverside.
(9) Shoshone Geyser Basin.
(10) Upper Terraces.
(11) Washburn Hot Springs.
(12) West Thumb Overlook.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC3. The following are prohibited at trailheads:

(a) Leaving a horse or pack animal overnight.

(b) Leaving a horse or pack animal unattended.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(d) Designations for free-trailing or loose-herding of horses or pack animals on trails:

SC1. No designated areas exist as an exception to this prohibition.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(g) Horse and pack animal conditions:

SC1. All travel by horse and pack animal is prohibited before July 1st, unless designated otherwise by signs at trailheads.

Determination: Stock use in the park is an intensive use. To prevent injury to park resources and trails, the Superintendent has determined this condition necessary. Prior to July 1st, most park trails are either under snow or muddy. Stock travel during this time period can cause deeper ruts in the trail system or for users to go around sections of trail with less than ideal conditions. Additionally, secondary trails paralleling or going around degrading sections of trail are created which denude vegetation and create a greater impact on backcountry areas.

SC2. All users must provide a valid proof of a negative Coggins test within the past 12 months for all equine upon request.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC3. Horse and pack animals must travel in single file on trails.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC4. Horse and pack animals are prohibited from entering or using core camp, except to load and unload equipment.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC5. Horse and pack animal feed.

(a) Only certified weed-free cubes, grain or pellets, may be used in the park.

(b) Hay is prohibited to be used in the park.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC6. Horse and pack animal limits.

(a) Stock parties are limited to 25 horses and pack animals, except when traveling off-trail.

(b) Stock parties are limited to 6 horses and pack animals when traveling off-trail.

(c) Pack strings are limited to a 2 to 1 ratio of ridden horse or pack animal to packed animal.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC7. Horse and pack animal manure removal conditions.

(a) Horse and pack animal manure must be removed from developed areas.

(b) Horse and pack animal manure must be removed or scattered at least 100 feet away from core camp and hitch line areas.

(c) Manure must be removed or scattered in all areas, except as specified in section (a) and (b) of this part or when a horse or pack animal is underway.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC8. Horse and pack animal retention conditions.

(a) The use of electric fence, pickets and natural features are permitted to retain stock.

(b) Constructing corrals or drift fences is prohibited.

(c) When man made materials are not available, pick pins may be constructed out of dead and downed wood.

(d) Regardless of retention method, the following are prohibited:

(1) Retaining a horse or pack animal within 100 feet of water, designated trails or campsites.

(2) Allowing resource injury to occur to a natural feature.

(3) Failing to move a horse or pack animal to prevent resource injury such as damaging or denuding soil and vegetation or overgrazing.

(4) Failing to remove picket pints after use.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC9. Report of lost or deceased horse and pack animals.

(a) An owner or operator who has a horse or pack animal that is deceased or lost, shall report the animal to the Superintendent as soon as practicable but within 24 hours. If the incident occurred in a remote area and the owner or operator is unable to meet the 24 hour reporting requirement, they shall report the incident before leaving the park.

(b) The owner or operator of a deceased horse or pack animal shall remove the deceased animal in accordance with procedures established by the Superintendent.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC10. Trailers used to transport horse and pack animals must be clean and free of excess manure and loose hay when entering the park.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

36 CFR §2.18 - Snowmobiles.

Yellowstone National Park has promulgated the operation and use of snowmobiles within the park as special regulations in 36 CFR §7.13(l). The regulations found in this section only apply if they do not conflict with the paragraphs in §7.13(l).

36 CFR §2.19 - Winter Activities.

(a) Designated areas for skiing, snowshoeing, ice skating, sledding, innertubing, tobogganing and similar winter sports on park roads and in parking areas open to motor vehicle traffic:

SC1. Except for non-motorized travel promulgated as special regulations by Yellowstone National Park in §7.13(l)(16)(i) to (iii), no designations have been established for this prohibition.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(b) Designated areas or routes for the towing of persons on skis, sleds, or other sliding devices by motor vehicle or snowmobile.

SC2. Except for the designation promulgated as special regulations by Yellowstone National Park in §7.13(l)(13)(i)(G), no designations or routes have been established for this prohibition.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

36 CFR §2.20 - Skating, Skateboards and Similar Devices.

The use of roller skates, skateboards, roller skis, roller blades or similar devices are permitted in the following areas:

SC1. Government areas, NPS housing areas and administrative areas.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC2. Grand Loop Road and West Entrance Road, between Upper Terrace Drive and West Yellowstone, MT, when they are closed to motor vehicle use by the public, but open to motor vehicle use for administrative purposes.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

36 CFR §2.21 - Smoking.

(a) Park areas, buildings, structures or facilities closed to smoking:

SC1. All interior spaces and outdoor areas within 25 feet of air intake ducts, including doors and windows, of buildings owned, rented, or leased by the federal government. This closure does not apply to park employees following the Yellowstone National Park Service Employee Housing Policy.

Determination: The Superintendent has implemented this closure in accordance with Executive Order 13058 entitled “Protecting Federal Employees and the Public from Exposure to Tobacco Smoke in the Federal Workplace.” The intent of EO 13058 is to establish a smoke-free environment for Federal employees and members of the public visiting or using Federal facilities. The superintendent has determined this closure to be necessary and the least restrictive means to ensure federal employees and the public have access to smoke-free environments.

SC2. Thermal areas.

Determination: All travel in thermal areas is restricted to NPS designated trails and boardwalks. Since the public use is confined, the Superintendent has determined it necessary to provide a smoke-free environment for the public. Additionally, refuse related to smoking is often not discarded properly which is a concern in thermal areas which are sensitive to human refuse. The Superintendent has determined this closure is necessary and is the least restrictive means to protect park resources and ensure federal employees and the public have access to smoke-free environments.

SC3. The grounds associated with the Mammoth Community Center.

Determination: The grounds associated with the Mammoth Community Center are used for the enjoyment of federal employees and concession employees. The Superintendent has determined this closure to be necessary and the least restrictive means to ensure federal employees and concession employees access to smoke-free environments.

SC4. Flammable storage areas.

SC5. Fuel refilling areas.

Determination: Smoking in flammable storage and fuel refilling areas is inherently dangerous and poses a great threat to federal employee and the public. The Superintendent has determined this closure is necessary and the least restrictive means to provide safety measures for federal employees and the public.

36 CFR §2.22 - Property.

(a)(2) Unattended property designations and conditions:

SC1. Motor vehicles, including oversnow vehicles, may park in parking lots at or adjacent to trailheads for the duration of an active and valid Yellowstone National Park Backcountry Use Permit.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC2. In developed areas, between May 1st to November 1st, vessels and related equipment may be left unattended at locations designated by signs, at designated mooring slips, and at designated parking areas for the dates listed on a valid Yellowstone National Park Boat Permit or Yellowstone National Park Backcountry Use Permit.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC3. In undeveloped areas, between May 1st and November 1st, non power–driven vessels that can be hand carried may be left unattended for longer than 24 hours under the following conditions:

(a) Only during the dates listed on an active and valid Yellowstone National Park Backcountry Use Permit.

(b) Only when it has been removed from the water and stored out of sight from trails, campsites and water.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC4. In undeveloped areas, between May 1st and November 1st, power-drive vessels may be beached and left unattended for more than 24 hours only during the dates listed on an active and valid Yellowstone National Park Backcountry Use Permit.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC5. The device used to power a vessel may be left unattended for longer than 24 hours on the shoreline of Lewis Lake, near the mouth of Lewis River, under the following conditions:

(a) Only when an active and valid Yellowstone National Park Backcountry Use Permit has an itinerary utilizing Shoshone Lake backcountry campsites.

(b) Only during the dates listed on an active and valid Yellowstone National Park Backcountry Use Permit.

(c) Only when it has been stored out of sight from trails and water.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC6. Vessels or related equipment owned by employees, persons authorized to reside in the park, and concession operated businesses may be left unattended for longer than 24 hours so long as it is stored at designated locations in park housing areas or at locations approved by the Superintendent.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

36 CFR §2.35 - Alcoholic beverages and controlled substances.

(a)(3)(i) The superintendent may close all or a portion of a public use area or public facility within a park area to the consumption of alcoholic beverages and/or to the possession of a bottle, can or other receptacle containing an alcoholic beverage that is open, or that has been opened, or whose seal is broken or the contents of which have been partially removed.

SC1. The following areas and facilities within the park are closed to the consumption of alcoholic beverages and to the possession of a bottle, can or other receptacle containing an alcoholic beverage that is open, or that has been opened, or whose seal is broken or the contents of which have been partially removed:

(a) Except for Arch Park, the area north of the line from the mouth of the Gardner River, directly to the fence bordering the south side of Park Street proximal to Gardiner, MT, west to where the fence meets the stone wall of the Roosevelt Arch, along the stone wall to its western terminus, and directly north to the park boundary is closed to the consumption of alcoholic beverages.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.
(b) The Mammoth Little People’s Learning Center.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(c) Thermal areas.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

36 CFR §2.38 - Explosives.

(b) Designated areas for using or possessing fireworks and firecrackers:

SC1. No areas have been designated for using or possessing fireworks and firecrackers.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

36 CFR §2.51 - Demonstrations.

(c)(2) The following locations have been designated as available for demonstrations and the sale or distribution of printed matter:

SC1. Canyon Village parking lot; Uncle Tom’s (Upper Falls); Fishing Bridge Visitor Center parking lot; Lake Hotel parking lot; Madison Museum parking lot; south of the Mammoth Visitor Center; Old Faithful developed area; Tower Fall parking lot; and West Thumb Geyser Basin parking lot.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

36 CFR §2.62 - Memorialization

(b) Designated areas and conditions for scattering human ashes from cremation:

SC1. Scattering human ashes from cremation is allowed in the park, except in and near:

(a) Developed areas.

(b) Backcountry trails.

(c) Backcountry campsites.

(d) Thermal areas.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.
 

PART 3 – BOATING AND WATER USE ACTIVITIES


36 CFR §3.7 – What are the NPS Personal Flotation Device (PFD) requirements?

(b) Designated requirements for a PFD to be worn or carried on designated waters, at designated times, and/or during designated water based activities:

SC1. Sailboarders (windsurfers) are required to wear a U.S. Coast Guard approved Type I, II, III, or V PFD on all park waters open to boating.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety.

36 CFR §3.8 – What vessel operations are prohibited?

(a)(2) Designated launch sites:

SC1. Hand carried vessels can be launched or recovered in any area surrounding park waters open to boating except:

(a) In or within 25 feet of a geothermal area.

(b) In an area closed to public use.

(c) In areas designated by signs or as posted on maps in visitor use areas.

(d) The shoreline of Yellowstone Lake between Little Thumb Creek and the south end of the West Thumb Geyser Basin.

(e) Along the Yellowstone River from the mouth of Gardner River to the boundary corner at the mouth of Reese Creek.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC2. Vessels requiring trailers can only be launched or recovered at the following locations:

(a) Bridge Bay Marina boat launch.

(b) Grant Village Marina boat launch.

(c) Lewis Lake boat launch near Lewis Lake Campground.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(a)(4) Vessel length, width, or horsepower restrictions:

SC1. Operating a vessel 40 feet or greater is prohibited on all park waters, except for approved park concession operations.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined this restriction is necessary because park infrastructure (e.g. docks) are not designed for boats greater than 40 feet to use.

(b)(3) Areas designated for flat wake speed:

SC1. Bridge Bay Marina.

SC2. Grand Village Marina.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

36 CFR §3.12 – May I use a vessel to tow a person for water skiing or other similar activities?

(a) Designated waters for towing of a person by a vessel:

SC1. All park waters are closed to towing of a person by a vessel.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

36 CFR §3.14 – Am I required to remove a sunken, grounded, or disabled vessel?

(a) Procedures for the removal of a sunken, grounded, or disabled vessel:

SC1. Notification to the Superintendent of a sunken, grounded, or disabled vessel is required. Procedures for removing a vessel will be created on a case-by-case basis in accordance with the requirements of this section.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

36 CFR §3.16 – May I swim or wade in park waters?

SC1. Swimming is prohibited in:

(a) Yellowstone River, starting at the outlet of Yellowstone Lake and continuing downstream for one mile.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined swimming is prohibited in this area to protect cutthroat trout spawning habitat.

SC2. Swimming and wading is prohibited in:

(a) All park waters when wearing or using foot gear with felt or other fibrous material on the soles.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined this prohibition is a necessary step to prevent the spread of AIS in park waters which would not only effect park resources but potentially all areas downstream in the major watersheds that start and are protected by Yellowstone National Park. Although a “clean and dry your gear” message and campaign can be successful in preventing the spread of AIS by foot gear, it was determined felt or other fibrous soles posed a more serious threat for the spread of AIS and needed to be banned. Research suggests felt or other fibrous material on the soles of foot gear can be harder to clean, more difficult to dry and retain AIS longer than other types of foot gear material.

(b) Bridge Bay Channel and Marina.

Determination: Bridge Bay is the busiest boating hub in the park. The Superintendent has determined swimming and wading in this area will protect the public and prevent user conflicts.

(c) Crawfish Creek, from the South Entrance Road Bridge to a point ¼ mile downstream.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(d) Firehole River, 200 yards upstream and downstream of the footbridge connecting Midway Geyser Basin and Midway Geyser Basin parking area.

(e) Firehole River, from Grand Loop Road Bridge at Biscuit Basin to the Grand Loop Road Bridge approximately ½ mile from Old Faithful Geyser.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined this area closed to swimming and wading to protect the public.

36 CFR §3.17 – What regulations apply to swimming areas and beaches?

(a) Designated swimming areas or swimming beaches:

SC1. Firehole Swimming Area

SC2. Boiling River Swimming Area

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.


(c) Prohibitions of incompatible activities in swimming areas or swimming beaches:

SC1. The following are prohibited in all designated swimming areas or beaches:

(a) Swimming or wading in the defined swimming area or beach when the area is posted closed.

(b) Climbing, diving or jumping from cliffs or trees.

(c) Possessing glass containers.

(d) Using soap, shampoo, conditioner or any other substance, except sunscreen.

(e) Using any vessel or flotation device, except for USCG approved PFDs.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC2. It is prohibited to place any object, to include natural material, in the Boiling River Thermal Channel prior to its confluence with the Gardner River.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

36 CFR §3.18 – May I snorkel or underwater dive in park waters?

(a) Closures and restrictions for snorkeling and underwater diving:

SC1. Snorkeling and underwater diving is prohibited in Yellowstone River, starting at the outlet of Yellowstone Lake and continuing downstream for one mile.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined this area closed to snorkeling and underwater diving to protect cutthroat trout spawning habitat.
 

PART 4 - VEHICLES AND TRAFFIC SAFETY


36 CFR §4.11 - Load, weight and size limits.

(a) Vehicle load, weight and size limit restrictions:

SC1. Except for vehicles transporting asphalt products required to repair and maintain roads within the park, vehicles wider than 8 feet 6 inches or longer than 75 feet are prohibited on park roads unless a permit has been issued by the Superintendent.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC2. Firehole Lake Drive is closed to vehicles over 6 tons.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

36 CFR §4.21 - Speed Limits.

(b) Speed limits designated by the Superintendent:

SC1. The speed limit on U.S. Highway 191 is 55 mph within the park.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

36 CFR §4.30 - Bicycles

(b) Administrative roads. The following administrative roads are authorized for bicycle use:

SC1. Unless posted closed at entrance points and except as specified in 36 CFR §4.30(f) and §7.13(l)(16)(iii), bicycles are authorized to be used on Grand Loop Road and all park entrance roads when they are closed to motor vehicle use by the public, but open to motor vehicle use for administrative purposes.

Determination: Between public motor vehicle travel and oversnow travel periods, Grand Loop Road and park entrance roads close to public motor vehicle use, but remain open for administrative travel. When conditions are safe, the Superintendent has determined bicycle use is authorized during these periods to allow continued bicycle travel by the public within the interior of the park. The Superintendent has determined these roads may need to be closed during these administrative travel periods when NPS plowing operations are underway or when roads are in such a condition that bicycle use is unsafe. Where bicycle use is authorized, the NPS will post signs to indicate whether the route is open or closed.

Mammoth area.

SC2. Golden Gate Service Road.
SC3. Mammoth Service Road, from Old Gardiner Road to the telephone microwave station.
SC4. The Old Gardiner Road.
SC5. The Bunsen Peak Road.
SC6. Swan Lake Gravel Pit Road.
SC7. Obsidian Creek Campground Road.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

Old Faithful area.

SC8. Lone Star Geyser Road, from Grand Loop Road to the turnaround area near Lone Start Geyser.
SC9. Fountain Freight Road.
SC10. Fire Road, from the Government Area to the Ranger Station.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

Lake Village area.

SC11. Natural Bridge Road.
SC12. The roadbed from the Lake Fish Hatchery Building to the Transfer Station.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

Tower-Lamar area.

SC13. Mount Washburn Service Road, from Chittenden Road Parking Lot to the summit of Mt. Washburn.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(d) Existing trails. The following existing trails have been designated for bicycle use:

Mammoth area.

SC1. The railroad bed paralleling the Yellowstone River, from Reese Creek to Gardiner, MT.
SC2. The trail paralleling Grand Loop Road, from the Mammoth Restroom to the YCC Camp Road.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

Old Faithful area.

SC3. The trail from the Visitor Center to Morning Glory Pool.
SC4. The trail from Bitterroot Dorm to the Fire Road.
SC5. Daisy Geyser Cut-off trail.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

West Yellowstone area.

SC6. Riverside Trail, from the West Entrance Station to Barns Road.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(f) Closures and other use restrictions.

Grand Loop Road and park entrance roads when open to motor vehicle use for administrative purposes.

SC1. Bicycle operation is permitted during day light hours on sections of Grand Loop Road and park entrance roads when they are open in accordance with §4.30(b) SC1.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC2. The following sections of Grand Loop Road and park entrance roads are closed to bicycle use during spring administrative travel periods:

(a) Tower Fall to Dunraven Pass until the second Friday in May.
(b) Dunraven Pass to Canyon Village.
(c) Canyon Village to Norris Junction.
(d) Canyon Village to Lake Village.
(e) Fishing Bridge to the east side of Sylvan Pass (6 mile corner).
(f) Lake Village to West Thumb Junction.
(g) West Thumb Junction to Madison Junction.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

Fall Bicycle Routes

SC3. The following sections of Grand Loop Road and park entrance roads are closed to bicycle use during fall administrative travel periods:

(a) Chittenden Road to Canyon Village.
(b) Canyon Village to Norris Junction.
(c) Canyon Village to Lake Village.
(d) Fishing Bridge to the east side of Sylvan Pass (6 mile corner).
(e) Lake Village to West Thumb Junction.
(f) West Thumb Junction to Old Faithful.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(h)(4) Areas authorized for operating a bicycle abreast of another bicycle:

SC1. No areas have been authorized for operating a bicycle abreast of another bicycle.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

36 CFR §4.31 - Hitchhiking.

Designated areas and conditions for hitchhiking or soliciting transportation in park areas:

SC1. All areas within the park are permitted for hitchhiking or soliciting transport except:

(a) Within 0.2 miles of park entrance stations.

(b) Within 200 feet schools, businesses, NPS office buildings, or visitor centers.

(c) In signed residential or government areas.

(d) In an area where vehicles may not safely pull off a park road fully onto the road’s shoulder or into a pull out.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these restrictions are necessary for public safety, but also acknowledges the allowance to accommodate the needs of park users and staff given the lack of a public transportation system and distances between locations in the park.

SC2. Persons hitchhiking or soliciting transport are prohibited from the following:

(a) Holding or having a sign larger than 2 feet x 2 feet.

(b) Standing on the paved surface of a park road, except for clearly defined pull outs.

(c) Wearing dark colored clothing during hours of darkness.

(d) Being under the influence of alcohol or an intoxicating substance.

(e) Being unsafe or causing a nuisance.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these restrictions are necessary for public safety, but also acknowledges the allowance to accommodate the needs of park users and staff given the lack of a public transportation system and distances between locations in the park.
 

Section V: 36 CFR Part 7.13 - Yellowstone National Park

36 CFR §7.13 - Yellowstone National Park

(a)(4) The superintendent may require a permit and establish terms and conditions for the operation of a commercial vehicle on any park road.

SC1. Except for U.S. Highway 191, a permit is required for the operation of a commercial vehicle on any park road.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

SC2. Commercial vehicles, as described in 36 CFR §5.6(a) and to include vans 1 ton or lighter, may be permitted to travel on any park road as long as they are not commercial passenger-carrying, transporting natural resources, hazardous materials or substances, or hauling a trailer of any type or size and pay the commercial entrance fee prior to entering the park. The commercial entrance permit issued at a park entrance station will be the permit required to operate on any park road as referenced in this paragraph.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these prohibitions and restrictions are necessary for public safety and resource protection.

(e)(2) Fishing closures, conditions and restrictions:

Yellowstone National Park Fishing Permit

SC1. Adult

(a) To fish within the park, people 16 years of age and older are required to purchase and carry on their person a Yellowstone National Park Fishing Permit.

(b) The Yellowstone National Park Fishing Permit is only valid when the permit is signed by the permittee and is non-transferrable.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined fishing permits are necessary to ensure visitors obtain critical information regarding the park’s fishery and regulations in order to protect park resources.


SC2. Child


(a) To fish within the park, people 15 years of age and younger are required to do one of the following:

(1) Fish under the direct supervision of an adult, a person 16 years of age or older, or a guardian who has purchased, signed, and is carrying on their person a Yellowstone National Park Fishing Permit.

(2) Obtain a free Yellowstone National Park Fishing Permit which must be signed by an adult, 16 years of age or older, or guardian. A child who has obtained this type of permit may fish without direct supervision of an adult or guardian.


(b) When a child is fishing, the adult or guardian associated with the child is responsible for the child’s actions and is liable for any violations of applicable State and Federal fishing laws and regulations.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined these permit requirements are necessary for children to ensure critical information is received by a parent or guardian and is shared with their child, regardless of which option is chosen, so park resources are protect.


SC3. A Yellowstone National Park Fishing Permit is not required to fish in the Yellowstone River on the north boundary of the park from the mouth of the Gardner River to the park’s boundary corner at the mouth of Reece Creek. Fishing in this area will be in accordance with 36 CFR §2.3 and the State of Montana fishing regulations, to include the requirement to obtain a Montana State Fishing License.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined Yellowstone National Park Fishing Permits are not required in this area to alleviate confusion over the boundary of Yellowstone National Park and the State of Montana.

Seasons and Fishing Hours

SC4. The park’s fishing season begins the Saturday immediately prior to Memorial Day and ends the first Sunday in November, except in the following areas:


(a) Blacktail Pond.


(1) Fishing season begins July 1st and ends the first Sunday in November.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined the fishing season dates for this area are necessary to protect nesting birds and sensitive vegetation.


(b) Heart Lake.


(1) Fishing season begins July 1st and ends the first Sunday in November.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined the fishing season dates for this area are necessary to align with the opening of a bear management area closure encompassing this area.


(c) Yellowstone Lake Tributaries.


(1) The fishing season for all streams and their tributaries flowing into Yellowstone Lake, to include an area 100 yards from each stream’s outlet into Yellowstone Lake, begins July 15th and ends the first Sunday in November.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined the fishing season dates for this area are necessary to protect spawning Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout and to align with the opening of a bear management area closure encompassing this area.


(d) Yellowstone River.


(1) The fishing season for the Yellowstone River and its tributaries from the outlet of Yellowstone Lake to the top of Upper Falls begins July 15th and ends the first Sunday in November.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined the fishing season dates for this area are necessary to protect spawning Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout.


SC5. Fishing is only permitted from sunrise to sunset during the park’s established fishing seasons.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined these fishing hours are necessary to protect park resources and visitors by minimizing the potential for negative human and wildlife interactions.

Waters Closed to Fishing

SC6. In addition to the areas listed in 36 CFR §7.13(e)(3), the following park waters are closed to fishing:


(a) Firehole River.


(1) From the Grand Loop Road Bridge at Biscuit Basin to the Grand Loop Road Bridge approximately 1/2 mile from Old Faithful Geyser.

(2) Two hundred (200) yards either side of the Midway Geyser Basin footbridge.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined these closures necessary to protect sensitive thermal features and areas.


(b) Madison River.


(1) From Seven Mile Bridge to a point 250 yards upstream.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined this closure is necessary to protect potential nesting areas for Trumpeter Swans.


(c) Trout Lake.


(1) The entire inlet stream and a portion of the lake, marked with signs, near the mouth of the inlet stream.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined this closure is necessary to protect spawning Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout.


(d) Yellowstone River.


(1) One hundred (100) yards either side of Le Hardy Rapids.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined this closure is necessary to protect Harlequin Duck nesting grounds and a concentrated fish migration corridor.

General Fishing Regulations

SC7. Except as otherwise designated, the following are prohibited in all lakes, streams, and tributaries administered by Yellowstone National Park:


(a) Fishing in any other manner than by one rod, which is capable of being held in hand while landing a fish, that has one line attached or by one hand-operated line without a rod or reel.

(b) Fishing with anything other than an artificial fly or artificial lure attached to one line. Except as otherwise provided in these regulations, this prohibition does not include weights or split shot, attractors, and strike indicators.

(c) Fishing with an attractor, except in a lake.

(d) Fishing with more than 2 artificial flies, one of which must be a dropper, or one artificial lure attached to one line.

(e) Fishing with an artificial fly that has:


(1) More than a single hook.

(2) A single hook with more than a single point.

(3) Anything other than a barbless hook.


(f) Fishing with an artificial lure that has:


(1) More than a single hook.

(2) A single hook with more than a treble point.

(3) Anything other than a barbless hook.


(g) Fishing with anything other than an artificial fly in designated fly fishing only waters.

(h) Snagging.

(i) Using or possessing a scented attractant while fishing.

(j) Using or possessing bait while fishing.

(k) Using an artificial fly, artificial lure, or fishing tackle that is made of lead or has lead added to it.

(l) Using an artificial light for the purposes of fishing.

(m) Continuing to fish after a person has reached the daily possession limit.

(n) Upgrading.

(o) Possessing a fish hooked anywhere other than inside the mouth or forward of the rear margin of the gill plate.

(p) Possessing a fish that does not have skin attached so the fish species may be visibly identified; gills and entrails may be removed.

(q) Possessing a Yellowstone Native Fish species.

(r) Disposing of fish or entrails within 200 feet of a backcountry campsite or into waters it was not taken.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined these regulations are necessary to protect the park’s fishery and to support resource management objectives.


Designated Fly Fishing Only Waters

SC8. The following streams are designated for fly fishing only:


(a) Firehole River.

(b) Gibbon River, downstream of Gibbon Falls.

(c) Madison River.

Determination: The Superintendent has designated these streams as fly fishing only to protect the Blue Ribbon trout streams and trophy fishery by alleviating other forms of fishing pressure.


Daily Possession Limits and Release Restrictions
Native Trout Conservation Area
SC9. No possession limit exists for nonnative fish species.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined the lack of possession limit for nonnative species in the Native Trout Conservation Area is necessary because they are in direct competition with Yellowstone Native Fish Species which the park is trying to protect and bolster their population.

SC10. The following are prohibited:


(a) Releasing Rainbow Trout, Brook Trout, or Cutthroat Trout x Rainbow Trout Hybrids after taking them from the Lamar River drainage.

(b) Releasing Lake Trout after taking them from Yellowstone Lake.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined these prohibitions necessary because these nonnatve fish species are in direct competition with Yellowstone Native Fish Species which the park is trying to protect and bolster their population in the Native Trout Conservation Area.


Nonnative Trout Tolerance Area
SC11. Rainbow Trout and Brown Trout are catch and release only in the following streams and their tributaries:


(a) Firehole River.

(b) Gibbon River, below Gibbon Falls.

(c) Madison River.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined these waters to be catch and release only to protect the Blue Ribbon trout streams and Trophy fishery.


SC12. A person may only possess a total of 5 Brook Trout per day from the following streams and their tributaries:


(a) Firehole River.

(b) Gibbon River, below Gibbon Falls.

(c) Madison River.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined these possession limits are necessary to reduce competition with the Trophy Brown Trout and Rainbow Trout fishery, as well as to protect native fish species such as the Longnose Dace, Mottled Sculpin and Mountain Whitefish.


SC13. A person may only possess a combination of 5 Brook Trout, Brown Trout, and Lake Trout, only one of which may be a Brown Trout, from the Lewis River drainage, above Lewis Falls.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined this possession limit necessary to protect a Trophy Brown Trout fishery.

(l)(7)(ii) Closures for oversnow routes, or portions thereof for snowmobile travel:

SC1. Firehole Canyon Drive is closed to all northbound oversnow vehicle use from 7:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. During this time, only snowmobiles and long track snowcoaches are permitted to travel southbound.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these restrictions are necessary for public safety.

SC2. Firehole Canyon Drive is closed to all southbound oversnow vehicle use from 1:00 p.m. to 6:00 p.m. During this time, only snowcoaches are permitted to travel northbound.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these restrictions are necessary for public safety.

(l)(8)(ii) Closures for oversnow routes, or portions thereof for snowcoach travel:

SC1. Firehole Canyon Drive is closed to all northbound oversnow vehicle use from 7:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. During this time, only snowmobiles and long track snowcoaches are permitted to travel southbound.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these restrictions are necessary for public safety.

SC2. Firehole Canyon Drive is closed to all southbound oversnow vehicle use from 1:00 p.m. to 6:00 p.m. During this time, only snowcoaches are permitted to travel northbound.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these restrictions are necessary for public safety.

(l)(12)(ii) Operating hours, dates and use levels for snowmobiles and snowcoaches during the park’s oversnow travel period:

SC1. Unless otherwise specified by the terms and conditions of a permit or contract, private and commercial oversnow travel must be conducted between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m.

Determination: The Superintendent has determined that these restrictions are necessary for public safety.

Last updated: May 30, 2019

Contact the Park

Mailing Address:

PO Box 168
Yellowstone National Park, WY 82190-0168

Phone:

307-344-7381

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