Illinois Annotated Bibliography
Camp Ground Cemetery and Church
The main (northern) land route of the Trail of Tears crosses southern Illinois in an east-west direction between Golconda, Illinois (on the Ohio River) and the vicinity of Cape Girardeau, Missouri (on the Mississippi River). This stretch of trail, near the midpoint of the journey between eastern Tennessee and Indian Territory, witnessed much suffering among the Cherokee. Various folk tales, reports, and diaries tell of deaths in this area. An important Cherokee campsite in Illinois — and a possible series of Cherokee graves — was in the vicinity of today’s Camp Ground Church, near Anna. To gain more knowledge about the reputed burials, the NPS partnered with the Department of Geology at Southern Illinois University in Carbondale (2006). Dr. Harvey Henson, Jr. worked with a team of students who experimented with a variety of remote sensing techniques to ascertain the number and location of unidentified (and possible Cherokee) graves in and adjacent to the Camp Ground Church Cemetery. Report: Geophysical Investigation at Camp Ground Cemetery and Church near Anna, Illinois, April 2010.
To learn more about this project, email the National Trails Intermountain Region.
Union County Archival-Historical Investigations
Mark J. Wagner, Archival and Historical Investigation for the Cherokee Trail of Tears in Union County, Illinois, Center for Archaeological Investigations, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Technical Report 03-2, October 2003 (13.3 MB pdf)
Archival and Historical Investigations into the Locations of Cherokee Trail of Tears Sites in Illinois
This report is a historical and archival study of the types and locations of cultural properties associated with the Cherokee Trail of Tears (1837-1839) within Illinois. Such properties included taverns, mills, residences, stores, ferries, cemeteries, and campgrounds. Wagner and Sharp examined the distribution of the above properties within a 10-mile wide corridor (five miles north and five miles south) of Route 146. Based on a variety of research methods, the researchers created a GIS database showing the distribution of cultural properties. A total of 545 properties were located within the corridor, of which 414 could be mapped by location. Thirty-eight of these sites have associated oral history or written documents that link them to the Trail of Tears and 15 could be identified to specific location.
Dr. Wagner and Kayeleigh Sharp, Archival and Historical Investigations into the Locations of Cherokee Trail of Tears Sites in Illinois, Center for Archaeological Investigations, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, July 2013 (11.7 MB pdf)
Last updated: November 29, 2019