The Timucua were a group of Native Americans who lived in current-day southern Georgia and northern Florida. The Timucua all spoke dialects of the same language, although they were not united politically, living in different tribes with their own territory and dialects. They would not have seen themselves as one people. The Timucua practiced agriculture for much of their food, but also hunted and gathered. They worshipped primarily the sun and the moon, but they had other gods of importance. When Europeans first arrived in Florida in the 1500s, the Timucua occupied over 19,000 square miles of land and their population was likely about 200,000. However, by 1800, there were few Timucua left, survivors were incorporated into other tribes like the Seminole and Muscogee Creek. It is one of the goals of the Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve to remember how the Timucua lived and to tell their stories.
Last updated: July 6, 2023