Trees & Shrubs

Aspen at Lily Lake
Aspen Grove at Lily Lake

NPS/Jim Ecklund

In the Central Rocky Mountains, trees and shrubs make their home in a patchwork of forests and meadows between 5500 ft. and 11500 ft. (1650 m.-3450 m.). Different ecosystems in the park support particular species depending on elevation, precipitation, and aspect (the steepness and direction of the slope). In the harsh mountain environment only evergreen trees, a few hardy deciduous trees and strong adaptive shrubs can thrive.

Photo of Spruce and Fir Forest

NPS photo


Green conifer forests blanket the mountainsides, providing shade in summer and contrasting with the bright white snow of winter. The park has several of these cone producing trees including pine, spruce, and fir.

Photo of an Aspen Grove

NPS photo by J. Westfall

Deciduous Trees

Famous for the brilliant color of their autumn leaves, these trees can be found growing along streams and mixed in with the evergreen conifers. Deciduous trees often contribute to some of the most biologically diverse habitats in the park.

Photo of a shrub

NPS photo


Coming in all shapes and sizes, shrubs make their home throughout the park. Some produce beautiful flowers and fruit, making them important food for wildlife. Others help stabilize soil. A few even catch your eye with their vibrant foliage.

Last updated: May 5, 2018

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Mailing Address:

1000 US Hwy 36
Estes Park , CO 80517


970 586-1206
The Information Office is open year-round: 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. daily in summer; 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. Mondays - Fridays and 8:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. Saturdays - Sundays in winter. Recorded Trail Ridge Road status: (970) 586-1222.

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