Hypothermia, a condition where body temperatures are lowered followed by rapid and progressive mental and physical collapse, is a year-round threat at Point Reyes. The weather can be highly unpredictable and changes quickly. Even if a summer day begins sunny and warm, cool fog and strong winds can occur later in the day. When you get wet from rain or heavy fog, your body can cool rapidly as moisture evaporates in a breeze. Immersion in cold water can also lead to hypothermia in a relatively short period of time. Water temperatures along the shores of Point Reyes may be as low as 10°C (50°F). Immersion in water that cold can lead to hypothermia in just a few minutes. Older visitors and those with circulatory or cardiovascular diseases are more susceptible to hypothermia. Alcohol can also hasten the onset of hypothermia.
Stay dry, stay out of the wind, and avoid getting chilled.
The best defense against hypothermia is to stay dry, stay out of the wind, and avoid getting chilled. Check the weather forecasts. Be prepared by wearing layered clothing. Wear a hat and gloves to conserve vital body heat. Put on rain gear before you get wet. Kayakers, surfers, and swimmers can wear wetsuits or drysuits, and should get out of the water and start warming up at the first warning signs of the onset of hypothermia.
Water temperatures in Tomales Bay and Drakes Estero may be as low as 10°C (50°F) in the winter and rarely reach 20°C (68°F), even in the summer and early fall. What is the temperature of the water in Tomales Bay today? Check the UC Davis Bodega Marine Laboratory's Tomales Bay Buoy for current seawater temperature and wind observations. Any water below 21°C (70°F) is "cold," and the human body cannot generate enough heat to keep warm for long in "cold" water.
The 1-10-1 Principle
When immersed in cold water, a person has about...
Without a personal flotation device (PFD), aka "life jacket", one can only survive for about 10 minutes in cold water before being unable to save oneself. With a PDF, someone might survive for an hour before hypothermia sets in.
Signs of Hypothermia
If the weather is cool, windy, or rainy, or if anyone in your party gets wet, monitor your companions for signs of hypothermia, which include:
Persistent or violent shivering is a serious warning of the onset of hypothermia. Note that victims of hypothermia often deny that they are cold and often attempt to reassure others that they are "Okay." Hypothermia is often associated with cold weather but can also occur on sunny days at the beach.
First Aid for Hypothermia
If someone in your party starts to exhibit signs of hypothermia:
Hypothermia can be life threatening!
Do not hesitate to ask for help from rangers or call 911 for an ambulance. If you call 911 from a mobile phone, you may need to ask to be transferred to Marin County Dispatch.
Last updated: April 15, 2019