Administrative History
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Charles McBarron, "Battle of Cowpens," painting located in Cowpens National Battlefield visitor's center; Cover design by Cameron Binkley for the National Park Service.

List of Figures



Chapter One: The Battle of Cowpens

Colonial South Carolina
The Revolutionary War Comes to the Southern Colonies
The Second Southern Campaign
The Battle of Cowpens
The Aftermath and Significance of The Battle of Cowpens

Chapter Two: Early Commemoration and Preservation of Cowpens

Neglect of the Cowpens Battleground
The Washington Light Infantry Monument
The Cowpens Centennial and the Daniel Morgan Monument
Creation of the Cowpens National Battlefield Site
The National Park Service at the Cowpens National Battlefield Site
     Planning and Development
     Mission 66

Chapter Three: Designation of Cowpens as a National Battlefield

Early Attempts to Enlarge Cowpens
A Renewed Drive to Expand Cowpens
The Congressional Process

Chapter Four: Development of Cowpens as a National Battlefield

Planning for Development Activities
Land Acquisition and Project Staffing
Physical Development of the National Battlefield
The Youth Conservation Corps
Plans for an Environmental Study Area and A Living History Farm
National Battlefield Dedication and Independence from Kings Mountain

Chapter Five: Administration and Development at Cowpens

Park Development Activities
Community Relations

Chapter Six: Visitor Services and Interpretation at Cowpens

Interpretation at Cowpens NBS before Expansion
Interpretation during the Development of Cowpens NB
Interpretive Programs
Annual Events
Commemorating the USS Cowpens

Chapter Seven: Resources Management and Protection at Cowpens

Cultural Resources Management
Historic Structures
The Cultural Landscape
Collections Management
Natural Resources Management
Law Enforcement and Fire Protection



Appendix One: A Chronology
Appendix Two: Superintendents and Staff
Appendix Three: Annual Visitation Statistics
Appendix Four: Federal Legislation


Index (omitted from the on-line edition)

Figure 1: A depiction of an early cattle pen
Figure 2: Painting entitled The Battle of Cowpens by William Ranney
Figure 3: The Washington Light Infantry Monument at Cowpens
Figure 4: An 1884 view of the Daniel Morgan Monument
Figure 5: Groundbreaking ceremonies for the U.S. Monument by the NSDAR, 1931
Figure 6: The U.S. Monument at Cowpens NBS, July 1936
Figure 7: Cowpens NBS, roughly as it existed from 1936 until 1962
Figure 8: Cowpens NBS following Mission 66 improvements
Figure 9: NSDAR map of proposed development for a Cowpens battlefield park, circa 1947
Figure 10: A circa 1960 view of Cowpens NBS
Figure 11: A map of proposed developments at Cowpens, 1975
Figure 12: Temporary visitor center at Cowpens NB during the park's development
Figure 13: The new interpretive walking trail at the battlefield, 1979
Figure 14: The U.S. Monument being disassembled
Figure 15: The groundbreaking ceremony for the visitor center, October 29, 1979
Figure 16: Map of Cowpens NB as developed by 1981
Figure 17: The stage during the dedication ceremony for Cowpens NB, January 17, 1981
Figure 18: Park staff photograph, 1991
Figure 19: Visitors reading Mission 66 displays at Cowpens NBS, December 1958
Figure 20: A program on snakes in front of the temporary visitor center, 1979
Figure 21: A living history demonstration by Park Ranger Bob Kirch, 1981
Figure 22: Living history interpretation at the Scruggs House, 1995
Figure 23: A bicycler using the park's roads, 1999
Figure 24: Spectators watching anniversary reenactment scenes at Cowpens, January 1981
Figure 25: Overmountain Victory Trail marchers at Cowpens, 1982
Figure 26: A musket demonstration at the 1990 battle anniversary celebration
Figure 27: A cannon demonstration at the 1999 Fourth of July celebration
Figure 28: Ceremonies to honor the USS Cowpens, March 1991
Figure 29: The Scruggs House before restoration, 1977
Figure 30: The Scruggs House during restoration, 1979
Figure 31: The Scruggs House after restoration, 1999
Figure 32: The Washington Light Infantry Monument in a deteriorated condition, 1975
Figure 33: A pit excavation during 1990s archeological work at Cowpens
Figure 34: A chart showing visitation trends at Cowpens


Figure 1: Cowpens National Battlefield Master Plan (National Park Service, 1939); Figure 2: William Ranney, "Battle of Cowpens" (1845) from the collection of the State of South Carolina; Figure 3: Kings Mountain (KIMO) park files; Figure 4: Morgan Square, Spartanburg, South Carolina (1884) from the Spartanburg Herald Journal, Willis Collection, Spartanburg County Public Libraries, South Carolina); Figure 5: Cowpens National Battlefield (COWP) park files; Figure 6: KIMO files; Figure 7: KIMO files; Figure 8: KIMO Files; Figure 9: KIMO files; Figure 10: KIMO files; Figure 11: Master Plan/Development Concept Plan (National Park Service, 1975); Figure 12: COWP slide files; Figure 13: COWP Files; Figure 14: COWP slide files; Figure 15: COWP files; Figure 16: Cameron Binkley for the National Park Service; Figure 17: COWP files; Figure 18: COWP slide files; Figure 19: KIMO files; Figure 20: COWP slide files; Figure 21: COWP files; Figure 22: COWP files; Figure 23: COWP slide files; Figure 24: COWP files; Figure 25: COWP slide files; Figure 26: COWP files; Figure 27: COWP slide files; Figure 28: COWP files; Figure 29: COWP slide files; Figure 30: COWP slide files; Figure 31: COWP slide files; Figure 32: KIMO files; Figure 33: COWP files; Figure 34: Steve Davis and Cameron Binkley for the National Park Service.

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Last Updated: 10-Dec-2002