The related common pigeon, also known as the rock dove (Columba livia), and the mourning dove (Zenaida macroura) may be found at low elevations outside of the park, but the only pigeon species found within the park is the band-tailed pigeon.


Pigeons - Order Columbiformes, Family Columbidae

A pigeon perched on a branch.
Band-tailed Pigeon

NPS Photo

Band-tailed Pigeon
Patagioenas fasciata

Habitat: forest
Seasons: uncommon spring-fall
Size: length 14.5 in (36.8 cm), wingspan 26 in (66 cm)
Band-tailed Pigeon Calls

These large pigeons are grey with distinctive dark eyes, yellow bills, and yellow legs. Adults have a white collar on the back of the neck, with some green on the nape. Wings have darker flight feathers, while tail feathers are pale at the tips. Band-tailed pigeons are often seen pecking at the travertine in the Longmire Meadow.

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Last updated: January 15, 2021

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