November: Native American Heritage MonthFor Native American Heritage Month, we will explore the heritage, culture, and experience of indigenous peoples both historically and in American life today.
America is a vast land of many cultures dating back thousands of years to the original inhabitants of the land. Today, programs, partnerships, and parks preserve and share the stories and heritage of Indigenous people. This month with November designated as National Native American Heritage Month, highlight the history, heritage, traditions, and contemporary way of life of American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Native Hawaiians (AI/AN/NH).
Words MatterIt’s important to use language correctly in our messaging. Native nations were separated from their home lands due to battles, genocide, and western expansion. There are distinctions among various tribes resulting from geographic location, language, and cultural practices. For example, within the Lakota Nation (aka Sioux), there are seven bands and within one band there are three: Hidasta, Arikara, and Mandan. Within the Cheyenne, there are two: Northern and Southern. It’s similar for the Arapaho, River Crow, Mountain Crow, and others. In addition, there are various regional identities, such as the Northern Plains, Southern Plains, Wetlands, etc.
The Harpers Ferry Center Editorial Style Guide provides guidance for NPS staff and partners. We are also grateful for assistance from CIRCLE, the Council for Indigenous Relevancy, Communication, Leadership, and Excellence employee resource group, in developing this guidance. Here are some specific items that might be helpful:
Featured NPS.gov/lecl WebpagesAmerican Indians and Lewis and Clark More content is added to these pages as we add more American Indian articles to our website.
Looking for something ready-made to share?The Native American experience with Lewis and Clark is as varied and diverse as the Native American tribes themselves. #LewisandClarkTrail #NativeAmericanHeritageMonth
Read more: https://www.nps.gov/lecl/learn/historyculture/american-indians-and-the-lewis-and-clark-expedition.htm
The Native American story is the story of the trail. Come and learn more about Native Americans and the Trail. #LewisandClarkTrail #NativeAmericanHeritageMonth
Lewis and Clark and the Nez Perce: https://www.nps.gov/articles/chief-twisted-hair.htm
The Corps of Discovery succeeded with the help of Native Americans and showed the value of collaboration between people. #LewisandClarkTrail #NativeAmericanHeritageMonth
One story: https://www.nps.gov/articles/watkuweis-and-the-lewis-and-clark-expediton.htm
The #LewisandClarkTrail is near many tribal lands. Let the Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail Experience website assist you in planning. https://lewisandclark.travel/
Social Media hashtags: #FindYourPark, #FindYourTrail, #LewisandClarkTrail, #IndigenousHeritage, #NativeAmericanHeritageMonth
Lewis and Clark Events That Happened This Month(ready made posts to share)
“Great joy in camp we are in View of the Ocian, this great Pacific Octean which we been So long anxious to See. and the roreing or noise made by the waves brakeing on the rockey Shores (as I Suppose) may be heard distictly"
-William Clark, Thursday, November 7, 1805
On November 24, 1805, the Captains took a “vote,” or more likely a “poll” of everyone, including York, Clark’s slave, and Sacagawea, the Indian wife of Toussaint Charbonneau. The critical decision – where to spend the winter. The majority chose to cross to the south side of the Columbia, near modern-day Astoria, Oregon, to build winter quarters, which soon would be known as Fort Clatsop.
The Corps spent just 10 days at Middle Village, which historians have labeled as “Station Camp” because it was Clark’s primary survey station to produce his detailed and accurate map of the mouth of the Columbia and surrounding area.
More on Station Camp: https://www.nps.gov/places/middle-village-station-camp.htm
On November 14, 1805, while the expedition sheltered at Dismal Nitch, Lewis “concluded to proceed on by land & find if possible the white people the Indians Say is below and examine if a Bay is Situated near the mouth of this river as laid down by Vancouver in which we expect, if there is white traders to find them.” On November 17, Lewis “returned haveing travesed Haleys Bay to Cape Disapointment and the Sea Coast to the North for Some distance.” Gass remarked, “They had been round the bay, and seen where white people had been in the course of the summer: but they had all sailed away.” The next day Clark and 11 others “who wished to See more of the main Ocian” made the trip to Cape Disappointment and the northern coastline, rejoining the main party at Station Camp on November 20.
More on Cape Disappointment: https://www.nps.gov/places/cape-disappointment-wa.htm
Last updated: January 29, 2020