Springs, Seeps, and Hanging Gardens

Water drips down canyon wall into green hanging garden
Hanging gardens can be unexpected oases of biodiversity.

NPS/R. Weissinger

Springs, seeps, and hanging gardens provide essential water, food resources, and wildlife habitat, and are important oases of biodiversity and productivity in desert landscapes. Because of their inherent fragility, spring and seep ecosystems are sensitive to a variety of human activities that have reduced the ecological integrity of these ecosystems through recreation, groundwater diversion, and livestock grazing. Monitoring spring and seep ecosystems will enable a more thorough understanding of the impacts of human activities and climate change on these ecosystems.

The primary goal for long-term monitoring of springs, seeps, and hanging gardens is to assess trends in key indicators of spring and seep ecosystem health: water quantity, water quality, and spring-related vegetation. The National Park Service Southeast Utah Group (SEUG) has been monitoring water quality at a small number of spring sites for over 10 years. The Northern Colorado Plateau Network (NCPN) has worked closely with SEUG staff to develop a long-term springs monitoring program that augments that sampling by adding information on site vegetation and disturbance at existing monitoring sites, initiating flow sampling at additional sites, and including hanging gardens.

The Northern Colorado Plateau Network monitors seeps, springs, and hanging gardens at Arches National Park, Canyonlands National Park, Hovenweep National Monument, and Natural Bridges National Monument.

Vital Signs: Springs, seeps, and hanging garden communities

Protocol Lead: Rebecca Weissinger

Quick Reads

Loading results...

    Publications and Other Information

    Springs Monitoring Briefs

    Source: Data Store Saved Search 477. To search for additional information, visit the Data Store.

    Springs Monitoring Reports

    Source: Data Store Saved Search 451. To search for additional information, visit the Data Store.

    Springs Monitoring Protocol

    Source: Data Store Collection 3711. To search for additional information, visit the Data Store.