Women Homesteaders and Suffrage


Homestead National Monument of America is celebrating the 100th anniversary of the ratification of the 19th amendment. This year we are remembering women who homesteaded and their profound impact on the success of suffrage ideas.

The Homestead Act of 1862 gave single women a pathway to landownership. Homesteading women created an atmosphere where ideas about women’s rights could flourish. Historians have long acknowledged that the Homestead Act of 1862, as one of the most substantial and influential acts ever passed by Congress. This new research shows how women homesteaders impacted the women's suffrage movement.


"Planted in the Soil"

Historian Jonathan Fairchild’s research illustrates that women homesteaders were not just supporting figures in this monumental movement but central figures that impacted major developments like the eventual realization of women's rights to vote.

Read the Paper
Women gathered outside of the Woman Suffrage Headquarters in Ohio

Women's Access to the Vote Across the US

A series of articles with a comprehensive history of women's suffrage and the 19th Amendment across America.

Suffragist holds torch over Western states where women can vote beckoning the struggling women in Ea

19th Amendment by State

Explore the state histories of the ratification of the 19th Amendment and women's right to vote.

Women watching another woman sew a star on a National Women's Party flag.

State-by-State Race to Ratification

Follow the race to the ratification of the 19th Amendment. Events are added in real time 100 years after the original event.


Suffrage Activist Homesteaders

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    Read “Planted in the Soil”: The Homestead Act, Women Homesteaders, and the 19th Amendment and learn more about the author, Homestead Historian Jonathan Fairchild.

    Last updated: April 6, 2020

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