Florence McGrath and William Wirl

A living historian demonstrates outdoor cooking.
A living historian demonstrates outdoor cooking.

NPS/Tim Ervin

New laws passed following the American Revolution closed the convict trade and discouraged British and Irish indentured servitude, causing indentured servitude to dwindle. Some indentured laborers already at Northampton remained there after their terms had expired, like Florence McGrath and William Wirl. Florence received 4 pounds of freedom dues in May 1792, then continued to work at Northampton for 35 shillings a month. William was described as “a good Old Servt. & Hireling,” according to company records and had all his debts to the company and its store waived in 1787 for his long and faithful service as both indentured servant and free worker.

Last updated: July 10, 2020

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