National Park Service studies show that over 120 species of birds breed, nest, or migrate within Harpers Ferry National Historical Park. Another 60 species may be present but are currently unconfirmed.
Groups of Birds
Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl
Waterfowl are birds that like living by water like rivers, lakes and other bodies of fresh water.
Fowl are birds belonging to the orders of gamefowl or landfowl.
Waterbirds are classified by the way that they obtain almost all or all of their food from the water.
Pigeons and Doves
Pigeons and Doves are stout-bodied birds that have short necks and short beaks.
Birds of Prey
Birds of prey are birds that pursue other animals for food.
The Cuckoo birds have long tails and have zygodactyl feet.
Woodpeckers are part of the family Picidae, a group of near-passerine birds that also consist of piculets, wrynecks, and sapsuckers.
Swifts and Hummingbirds
Swifts and Hummingbirds have very small and have short legs and tiny feet.
Perching birds includes more than half of all bird species and the name means sparrow-shaped. These birds are also known as the songbirds.
Coots are rather small water birds that are members of the rail family.
Cormorants are black, reptilian-like, fish eating birds that swim low on the water with their heads up tilted towards the sky.
Kingfishers have large heads, long sharp beaks, and short legs. They generally have bright feathers.
NPSpecies is a consolidated database where you can find the latest information on any species from any National Park Service unit. This resource lets you search for species information on specific parks and allows you to create your own itemized species lists.
Last updated: March 21, 2022