A Study of Seeps and Springs

Three photos. From left to right: an American Indain watering his horse at a spring, Kanabownits Spring, a small spring with some ferns; part of the rock is wet.

Grand Canyon National Park

Grand Canyon's research on springs and seeps is part of a larger regional examination of the Coconino Plateau's ability to sustain a water supply for its growing population. With the region's population predicted to double by 2050, there will be a corresponding decrease in water availability and an estimated unmet demand by 2025.
Whether replenishing desert willows or hot, thirsty hikers, the value of Grand Canyon's native waters is immense, and the need to protect them is strong. Grand Canyon's Springs and Seeps Study aims to provide quality science as the foundation for sound management strategies to protect the Park's native waters.
hydrogeologic diagram of cross-section of the Coconino Plateau
Generalized hydrogeologic cross-section of the Coconino Plateau.

Modified from Flynn and Bills, 2002


The Biology of Native Waters

The Future of Grand Canyon's Native Waters

The coming age of water will have legal, social, and environmental implications for Grand Canyon National Park and much of the West. Additional pressures from drought and climate change will quite likely exacerbate impacts to water resources. The Springs and Seeps Study will develop management strategies to help minimize possible future impacts on the native water resources of Grand Canyon.

The National Park Service mission, as stated in the 1916 Organic Act, is to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and the wild life therein and to provide for the enjoyment of the same by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations. This charges us to protect Grand Canyon's springs and seeps so they may continue to nourish the canyon’s plants and animals, refresh hikers, and maintain the erosive processes that created this magnificent canyon.


Email the Park Hydrologist
or write:

Grand Canyon National Park
SRM Hydrology
P.O. Box 129
Grand Canyon, Arizona 86023

Learn More

Watch "Hidden Waters" Episode 2 of the Grand Canyon in Depth Video Series.

Learn which 10 of the 12 types of classified springs are found in Grand Canyon.

Contact the Park

Mailing Address:

PO Box 129
Grand Canyon, AZ 86023


(928) 638-7888
This is the main phone number for general park questions.

Contact Us