The information presented in Vestiges of Lands End was drawn from a variety of sources including photographs, maps, newspaper articles, personal recollections, books, and modern scholarly articles. Many of these resources are available to anyone who would like to explore the history and culture of Lands End and its connections to San Francisco. Some resources can be found online in electronic formats; hard copies of some materials can be found in the History Center at the Main Branch of the San Francisco Public Library and/or at the Golden Gate National Recreation Area (GGNRA) Park Archives and Records Center in the Presidio of San Francisco. Both the San Francisco Public Library’s History Center and the GGNRA Park Archives and Records Center are open to the public for research.
The Cliff House Project website and the Western Neighborhoods Project website provide a wealth of information on aspects of Lands End history. The Cliff House Project is devoted to the Victorian Cliff House, which graced Lands End from 1896 to 1907. The Cliff House Project includes historical items such as photographs, postcards, illustrations, maps, menus, souvenirs, and a multitude of other Cliff House objects.
In contrast to the narrow focus of the Cliff House Project, the Western Neighborhoods Project features topics concerning a broad area of the western portion of San Francisco. The Western Neighborhoods Project website contains links to many articles by modern authors who reflect on their memories of Lands End though the mid-late 20th century, as well as scholarly essays on topics of historical interest from the late 19th century onward. The website also features numerous photographs and videos arranged by geographic region, and searchable by topic.
There are several sources for historic photographs of the Lands End area in addition to the websites listed above.
The Main Branch of the San Francisco Public Library houses the San Francisco Historical Photo Collection, which is open to the public for research. Their collection offers many digitized photographs and can be viewed through the library website.
Historic Newspaper Articles
The California Digital Newspaper Collection website links to searchable electronic versions of the Daily Alta California and San Francisco Call Bulletin newspapers published between the years of 1846 and 1922. The San Francisco Public Library also contains a collection of California newspapers on microfilm.
Several historic maps depict the changing landscape of Lands End over the past century. Starting in the 1860s and continuing to the modern day, the Sanborn Map Company published detailed maps of urban areas for fire insurance purposes. The maps show buildings and structures as well as streets, water lines, and other infrastructure. Portions of Lands End are depicted on Sanborn map editions from 1899, 1905, and 1913-15. Other maps are available at the GGNRA archives, including the 1885 “Plan of Sutro Heights” (Garte), 1910 “Map of Sutro Heights, Sutro Bath, Cliff House, Shore Lands, and Richmond Lots and Blocks, as described in the report of A.S. Baldwin” (Punnett), and 1928 “Map of Sutro Baths and Grounds and Adjacent Property” (Morser).
Several books published in the late 19th-early 20th century describe people, places, and events at Lands End. These include biographies of Adolph Sutro (Colby 1898, Kellog 1895), and a poem celebrating the scenic landscape of Lands End (Jackson 1890).
The Sutro Baths special collection, housed at the San Francisco Public Library’s History Center, contains receipts, correspondence, and letters of Adolph Sutro relating to the Baths.
The Bancroft Museum in Berkeley, California, houses two collections related to Adolph Sutro and his establishments at Lands End. The Adolph Sutro Collection (BANC MSS C-B 465) consists of correspondence, financial records, and other personal papers about Sutro’s business endeavors at Lands End and elsewhere, as well as papers relating to Sutro’s term as San Francisco mayor. The Sutro Papers (Collection No. 1968/003) contains personal and business documents, correspondence, news clippings, photographs, and ephemera about Sutro and Sutro Baths. The Sutro Papers collection is housed at the Magnes Museum, a subdivision of the Bancroft Library.
Modern articles and books
A variety of articles and books reflecting upon people, places, and events tied to Lands End have been authored over the past fifty years. Some are intended for a popular audience, others are scholarly. A list of news articles, journal articles, books, and pamphlets addressing Lands End topics appears at the end of this bibliographic essay.
National Park Service publications
The "Sutro District Cultural Landscape Report" is available for download on the parks' on-line cultural resources publication page. Another useful document, "The History and Significance of the Adolph Sutro Historic District: Excerpts from the National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form" (2000), can be found on the Lands End history page.
Lands End Vestiges bibliography
Buzon, Michele R., Phillip L. Walker, Francine Drayer Verhagen, and Suzanne L. Kerr
Casella, Eleanor Conlin
Colby, Frank Moore (ed.)
Holmes, Eugenia Kellog
Lewis, Emanuel Raymond
Lightfoot, Kent G. and Otis Parish
Okamoto, Ariel Rubissow
Proctor, Jacqueline, and Joyce Hendrickson
Spell, Lota M.
Stewart, Robert E., Jr., and Mary Frances Stewart
Townsend, Edward W.
Morser, E. J.
Punnett, John M.
Sanborn Map Company
Various maps without date or publisher, on file at Golden Gate National Recreation Area Archive, Fort Mason, San Francisco.
Last updated: February 28, 2015