Backcountry Camping

three backcountry hikers cross a high treeless alpine ridge
Backcountry hikers at Pitamakan Pass

NPS / Jacob W. Frank

Glacier's backcountry camping program is designed to minimize resource impacts while providing positive visitor experiences. The following information is designed to move you from a broad understanding of the overall permitting process to the specific steps needed to refine your plan and set out on the trail to enjoy a backcountry adventure in Glacier.

Table of Contents
  • Walk-in Permits
  • Office Locations
  • Advance Reservations
  • Map and Campsite List
  • Trail Conditions
  • Trail Closures
  • Backcountry Blog
  • Suggested Gear List
  • Campsites
  • Permits
  • Trip Itineraries
  • Group Size
  • Leave No Trace
  • Stock Use
  • Accessibility
  • Drowning
  • Hypothermia
  • Snow and Ice
  • Water Filtration
  • Solo Travel
  • Bears
  • Other Wildlife
  • Nyack / Coal Creek Camping Zone
  • River Camping
  • Border Crossing
  • Continental Divide Trail
  • Recreation on the Blackfeet Reservation
  • Winter Camping
  • Volunteering
  • Shuttles
  • Guided Trips
  • Packing Services

Camping Fees
From May 1 - October 31 there is a $7/night/person camping fee payable upon permit issuance at a backcountry permit office. Due to program fee requirements, there are no child or national land recreation pass discounts available. Winter backcountry camping permits (November 1 - April 30) are free.


Getting a Permit

Walk-in Permits

Backcountry permits may be available the day before or day of a desired trip start date. Approximately half of all sites in a campground are set aside for walk-in campers. However, that does not mean those sites will be available at all times. Backpackers on longer trips (4 or more nights) may take walk-in sites well in advance. Arrive early the day before your intended trip start date for the best campsite availability. No reservation fees are charged for walk-in permits, only the $7 / night / person camping fee is charged. Permits will not be issued after 4:30 pm at any location.

NEW! To prevent overnight camping on the Apgar Backcountry Camping Center porch and in the adjacent parking lot, backcountry users may only line up at 4:00 am or later.

What's available tonight? The dates are listed in green at the top of the chart. The numbers below indicate how many sites are available for a "walk-in" permit. Check the date at the top to make sure the chart is current.

Permitting Locations

Apgar Backcountry Permit Center
Open daily from May 1 to October 31
When the Apgar Backcountry Permit Center has closed for the season, call (406) 888-7800 and schedule an appointment to have a backcountry permit issued.

St. Mary Visitor Center
Open daily from late-May to late-September

Many Glacier Ranger Station
Open daily from late-May to late-September

Two Medicine Ranger Station
Open daily from late-May to late-September

Polebridge Ranger Station
Open daily from early-June through mid-September

Waterton Lakes National Park Visitor Reception Centre
The Waterton Visitor Centre will issue backcountry permits for itineraries entering at Goat Haunt and Chief Mountain customs. The temporary visitor centre is located next to the Waterton Post Office in Waterton Townsite.

Advance Reservations

Backcountry sites can be reserved in advance starting March 15 for groups of 1-8 campers and March 1 for groups of 9-12 campers. There is a $40 application fee ($10 administrative fee + $30 fulfilled trip request fee) for EACH application you submit. If backcountry personnel are unable to award an advance reservation itinerary based upon the parameters you indicate, the $30 fulfilled trip request fee will be refunded. Applicants should expect a two month period of time between application submittal and notification of permit status. The camping fee of $7 / night / person is due upon picking up your permit. Applications can be submitted ONLINE ONLY.

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Trip Planning

With its towering mountains, pristine alpine lakes, abundant wildlife, and over 700 miles of trails, Glacier is a backpacking paradise. Due to individual differences in fitness, backcountry experience, and personal preference, we don’t offer specific trip recommendations.

In the broadest sense, Glacier's backcountry comes in two flavors—east and west roughly split along the Continental Divide. Each trail on a respective side offers a similar "feel." West side trails start at around 3,200 feet in elevation, are more heavily forested, and offer the greatest solitude. East of the divide, trails start at around 5,000 feet and the terrain is more sparsely vegetated, creating more open vistas and attracting more crowds.

Map and Campsite List
Use this backcountry campground, trailhead, and area information to help plan your trip. GPS data points are also available.

For specific trail descriptions and other planning tools, visit Glacier's non-profit partner, the Glacier National Park Conservancy.

Trail Conditions
Trail conditions change frequently throughout the year, but our Trail Status Reports page offer some seasonal generalizations as well as specific trail condition updates throughout the summer season, that will help you know what to expect in the backcountry.

Trail Closures
Hazardous or emergency conditions may make it necessary to close a trail segment. These closures may effect your planned itinerary. Backcountry rangers will make an effort to contact you on the trail to let you know your options and assist with route changes. It may take a while for everyone to be contacted. Do not enter any closed trail, even if it was part of your planned itinerary. See the current closures and postings list.

Suggested Gear List

The following items should be carried on every trip into Glacier’s backcountry:

  • Bear Spray
  • Topographic maps
  • Compass
  • First Aid Kit
  • High-calorie food
  • Shelter
  • Sleeping bag and pad
  • Appropriate footwear
  • Wool or synthetic clothing to layer (dry clothes to sleep in)
  • Rain jacket and pants
  • Lightweight camp shoes
  • Footwear for stream crossings
  • A weatherproof food and garbage hanging bag
  • 25 feet of rope for hanging food and garbage
  • Water container and water filter
  • Campstove and fuel
  • Emergency signalling device
  • Insect repellent

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Backcountry camping is restricted to 65 designated campgrounds with the exception of the Nyack / Coal Creek camping zone where both designated campgrounds and at large camping are available.

A backcountry use permit is required for all overnight camping, and must be in your possession while in the backcountry. They are valid only for the dates, locations, and party size specified.

Trip Itineraries
Itineraries must be contiguous. You cannot exit one trailhead and drive to another trailhead to access campgrounds on the same trip. Note: Hiking short road sections on foot—Many Glacier and Two Medicine developed areas, Crossing Going to the Sun Road at Jackson Glacier Overlook—to connect longer itineraries is permitted.

Group Size
The maximum party size allowed is 12 persons. Each backcountry campground has 2-7 campsites. Each campsite is limited to four (4) people and two (2) tents (2-4 person).

Leave No Trace
Many of Glacier’s backcountry camping regulations are based on Leave No Trace (LNT) outdoor ethics. LNT tells us that by concentrating impacts, including eating, sleeping, and human waste disposal, we prevent degradation of a broader area. Concentrating impacts essentially creates small pockets of impact and leaves nearly pristine conditions over larger areas. For more information visit

Stock Use
Information regarding the use of stock in the backcountry can be found on our Private Stock Use page.

Wheelchairs and trained aid dogs are appropriate accommodations in the backcountry. Due to potential hazardous interactions with bears, aid dogs are discouraged.


Use extreme caution near water. Swift, cold glacial streams and rivers, moss-covered rocks, and slippery logs are dangerous. Avoid wading in or fording swift streams. Never walk, play, or climb on slippery rocks and logs, especially around waterfalls.

Be prepared for sudden weather changes. Use rain gear before you become wet. If your clothes do become wet replace them with dry ones. Layer with synthetic or wool clothing as a base layer. Minimize wind exposure. Eat high-energy foods often.

Snow and Ice
Snowfields and glaciers can present serious hazards. Snow bridges may conceal deep crevasses on glaciers or hidden cavities under snowfields. These bridges may collapse under the weight of an unsuspecting hiker. Use extreme caution when crossing steep snowfields on trails and in the backcountry.

Water Filtration
The protozoan Giardia lamblia may be present in lakes and streams. When ingested, their reproductive cysts may cause an intestinal disorder that appears weeks after your trip. The easiest method of effective water treatment is to boil water for one minute (up to five minutes at higher elevations) or use a filtration system capable of killing or removing particles as small as 1 micron.

Solo Travel
Solo travel in the backcountry is not recommended. The best insurance for a safe and enjoyable trip rests with your ability to exercise good judgment, avoid unnecessary risks, and assume responsibility for your own safety while visiting Glacier’s backcountry

Approaching, viewing, or engaging in any activity within 100 yards of bears or wolves, or within 25 yards of any other wildlife is prohibited. Use binoculars or a telephoto lens to improve your view. Keep the animal’s line of travel or escape route clear and move away if wildlife approaches you. Visit our Bear Safety page to find detailed information about hiking in bear country.

Other Wildlife
Deer, mountain goats, marmots, and other rodents are attracted to urine and sweat. They will chew holes in clothes, boots, and camping gear if left unattended.

Mosquitoes and flies can be a nuisance in some areas in July and August. Bring insect repellent or be prepared to cover up with lightweight clothing and perhaps a head net.


Special Trip Considerations

Nyack / Coal Creek Camping Zone
This area offers greater opportunities for solitude along with greater challenges in the form of undesignated camping. In addition to undesignated camping, designated camping is also available. Advance reservations are not allowed for undesignated camping.

River Camping
Interested in doing an overnight river trip? Find all the information you need on our River Camping Permits page. Advance reservations are not allowed for river camping.

Border Crossing
Southbound travel from Waterton Townsite (Canada) to the Goat Haunt Ranger Station (USA) requires an official government issued photo identification card for U.S. or Canadian citizens or permanent residents. All others must carry a valid passport. Visitors seeking to travel beyond the Goat Haunt Ranger Station into the United States must present documents that are Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative compliant. Learn more on the U.S. Customs and Border Protection website.

Northbound travel from Goat Haunt Ranger Station (USA) into Waterton Townsite (Canada) mandates contact with the Canadian Chief Mountain Port of Entry upon arrival at Waterton Townsite. Information on contacting the Port of Entry is available at the Waterton Lakes Visitor Centre or the Waterton Station of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.

The Goat Haunt Port of Entry will operate from 11:15 am to 5 pm from June through September No entry into the United States past the Goat Haunt Ranger Station will be authorized outside of these hours.

Continental Divide Trail
A 110-mile segment of The Continental Divide National Scenic Trail (CDT) runs through Glacier. The designated CDT route and an early/late season alternate route are marked in blue on the map. CDT through-hikers (Mexico to Canada), who plan on entering Glacier at Marias Pass, should call the backcountry office at (406) 888-7857 prior to starting their trip for information on obtaining a backcountry permit.

Recreation on Blackfeet Reservation
A Conservation/Recreation Use Permit is required for all recreational activities on the Blackfeet Indian Reservation. A separate permit is required for fishing on the reservation. For further information call (406) 338-7207.

Winter Camping
From November 20 to April 30, Backcountry Use Permits may be requested and approved in person or by telephone, up to seven days in advance. Approved permits must be picked up in person. There are no fees for winter permits.

Volunteer Photography
Backcountry enthusiasts may volunteer to re-photograph glaciers to help document them as part of the U.S. Geological Survey Repeat Photography Project. All the photo sites are backcountry destinations, making this a great way to combine your activity with park scientific objectives. Check out the Citizen Science program for more ways to help while hiking.

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Transportation and Services


Glacier Shuttle System
From early July to Labor Day, the free park shuttle runs along Going-to-the-Sun Road between Apgar Visitor Center and St. Mary Visitor Center, stopping at many trailheads along the way.

Glacier National Park Lodges hiker's shuttle
A fee-based trailhead shuttle from Many Glacier to the St. Mary Visitor Center. Check for this summer's dates and times of operation.

Glacier Park Inc. hiker's shuttle
A fee-based shuttle scheduled to operate on the east side of the park. Check for seasonal dates and times of operation.

There are no commercial shuttle or taxi services available in the North Fork area (Polebridge, Bowman/Kintla Lakes) of the park.

Additional Services

Guided backpacking trips are available through Glacier Guides.

Swan Mountain Outfitters offers drop-camp service using stock to pack your gear into certain sites. A backcountry permit is required.

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Visit our keyboard shortcuts docs for details
15 minutes, 17 seconds

This video will guide you through planning a trip to Glacier's backcountry and provide needed safety and resource protection information. It is required viewing to obtain a backcountry permit.

Visit our keyboard shortcuts docs for details
10 minutes, 19 seconds

This video will aid in planning a successful winter overnight experience in the park. Park visitors not planning on this level of extreme winter recreation will appreciate the challenges highlighted in this short vignette into Glacier's winter.


Last updated: August 2, 2019

Contact the Park

Mailing Address:

PO Box 128
West Glacier, MT 59936


(406) 888-7800

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