Nature & Science

Flora, Fauna, and Other Life Forms

Glacier Park's varied climate influences and its location at the headwaters of the Pacific, Atlantic and Hudson Bay drainages have given rise to an incredible variety of plants and animals. Both Glacier National Park and Waterton Lakes National Park, across the border in Canada, were designated International Biosphere Reserves and together were recognized in 1995 as a World Heritage Site.
chipmunk sits on log among bright vegetation


Lions and eagles and bears. Oh my.

bright fern next to flower with small purple petals and green leaves


Glacier hosts many plants and plant-like organisms.


Dynamic Environment

The park is named for its prominent glacier-carved terrain and remnant glaciers descended from the ice ages of 10,000 years past. Bedrock and deposited materials exposed by receding glaciers tell a story of ancient seas, geologic faults and uplifting, and the movement of giant slabs of the earth's ancient crust overlaying younger strata. The result of these combined forces is some of the most spectacular scenery on the planet (and a hiker's paradise).

beams of light, colors, and clouds in night sky over lake

Environmental Factors

Air, earth, wind, water.

a rocky stream and waterfall fills the left, various plantlife on the right

Natural Features & Ecosystems

Get behind the scenery.

orange colored smoke over silhouetted mountain ridge and trees

Wildland Fire

Fire is a part of the park's natural lifecycle.

Last updated: September 17, 2016

Contact the Park

Mailing Address:

PO Box 128
West Glacier, MT 59936


(406) 888-7800

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